Navigation Links
Duke researchers learn how lung fibrosis begins and could be treated
Date:6/27/2011

DURHAM, N.C. An invasive cell that leads to fibrosis of the lungs may be stopped by cutting off its supply of sugar, according to researchers at Duke University Medical Center.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which affects about 100,000 people in the U.S. each year and leads to death within three years of diagnosis, has only one therapy in the U. S.: lung transplantation.

Duke researchers have found a possible new treatment by identifying a cell surface receptor on the invasive cells called myofibroblasts and an enzyme that produces a sugar the receptor recognizes.

Senior author Paul Noble, M.D., the Duke Division Chief of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, and his team used a mouse model and later, human cells from IPF patients, to show that the invasive type of cell depends on both the enzyme that makes a sugar called hyaluronan and the cell receptor that recognizes hyaluronan, CD44.

"The animal model we used targeted excessive production of hyaluronan in the myofibroblasts," Noble said. "We found that these cells invaded and destroyed surrounding tissue matrix similar to the behavior of cancer cells during metastasis."

The study was published in the June 27 online edition of the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

The researchers reduced lung fibrosis in living mice by treating them with a blocking antibody against the CD44 receptor or stopping the production of the enzyme that produces hyaluronan. .

The invasiveness occurs when the myofibroblast produces excessive hyaluronan. Because the sugar is necessary for living (embryos without it don't develop), the sugar production cannot be completely blocked. Instead, the overproduction of the sugar must be stopped to keep the invasive cells from overtaking the spaces in the lung where vital gas exchange occurs.

The process of fibrosis in the lung is like a healing wound on skin, Noble said. The fibrotic cells clamp down, pull in the skin, and hold it together more tightly. In the lungs, this clamping down of small airways prevents essential respiration and leads to death due to irreversible loss of lung function.

An earlier paper Noble published in March in Science Translational Medicine showed that intracellular signaling proteins called beta-arrestins were necessary for fibroblasts to invade tissue. Mice with a targeted deletion in beta-arrestins didn't develop severe pulmonary fibrosis. He did this work with receptor-science pioneer Robert Lefkowitz, M.D., of Duke Departments of Medicine and Biochemistry.

The two studies, taken together, suggest several approaches to treating invasive fibrosis in the lungs, Noble said. They might specifically block hyaluronan production and the receptor for the sugar. Or they might block the invasion process by targeting beta-arrestins to prevent myofibroblasts from making contact with the matrix (noncellular part) of the lung.

Noble thinks looking at additional targets to block the invasion process might be the best approach of all. "If we can study human fibroblasts and also the transgenic mouse as a model system, we could find more clues to stop the cells from invading," he said. "Several drugs are already approved that may have these properties that we need."


'/>"/>

Contact: Mary Jane Gore
mary.gore@duke.edu
919-660-1309
Duke University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. U of T researchers crack full-spectrum solar challenge
2. Orca ears inspire Stanford researchers to develop ultrasensitive undersea microphone
3. Finding is a feather in the cap for researchers studying birds big, powerful eyes
4. Researchers suggest new way of looking at what causes sepsis
5. ORNL researchers win 7 R&D 100 awards
6. Yale researchers pinpoint reasons for dramatic rise in cesarean births
7. U of M researchers find smart decisions for changing environmental times
8. Researchers find process of cervical ripening differs between term and preterm birth
9. Rensselaer researchers secure $2.7 million NIH grant to advance scarless surgery
10. USC researchers find new clues about protein linked to Parkinsons disease
11. GW researchers receive award from NCI to study cancer from a neglected tropical disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2017)... , Feb. 3, 2017 A new ... Identity Strategy Partners, LLP (IdSP) . Designed to fill ... the complex identity market, founding partners Mark Crego ... 35 combined years just in identity expertise that span ... and non-profit leadership. The Crego-Kephart combined expertise has a ...
(Date:2/2/2017)... YORK , Feb. 2, 2017  EyeLock LLC, ... released a new white paper " What You Should ... The problem of ensuring user authenticity is a growing ... the authentication of users. However, traditional authentication schemes such ... Biometric authentication offers an elegant solution ...
(Date:2/1/2017)... 1, 2017 IDTechEx Research, a leading provider ... announces the availability of a new report, Sensors for Robotics: ... Continue Reading ... ... robots. Source: IDTechEx Report "Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and Forecasts ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/27/2017)... -- Four US Biotech equities have been ... are: Anthera Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ANTH), Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... and Conatus Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: CNAT ). ... are growing more bullish on the sector as a ... cash held overseas for tax reason by large US ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... ... The Catalyst Midwest premix manufacturing facility has been certified as organic, ... label organic services. , The first organic product is Organic 18 Percent Layer Feed, ... Marketing, which owns the facility. , Catalyst already has received the Safe Feed/Safe ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... SAN FRANCISCO, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... awarding of a $224K grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) for ... is based on Delpor’s PROZOR technology and is expected to deliver therapeutic ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017 Symic Bio, a ... a new category of therapeutics, announced today the completion ... in peripheral artery disease. The trial will evaluate the ... therapeutic, in the reduction of restenosis following angioplasty. ... development milestone for SB-030," said Nathan Bachtell , ...
Breaking Biology Technology: