Navigation Links
Duke and the Internationalserious Adverse Event Consortium to partner on research
Date:1/27/2010

Chicago (January 27, 2009) The International Serious Adverse Events Consortium (SAEC) announced today it will collaborate with Duke University's Center for Human Genome Variation (http://www.genomics.duke.edu/centers/pg2/ ) to research the genetics of Clozapine-induced agranulocytosis (CIA), with the goal of identifying potential rare genetic variants predictive of this serious drug induced adverse event. The SAEC is a novel, non-profit international research consortium, formed by the global pharmaceutical industry, to better understand the role of genetics in drug safety. Duke University's Center for Human Genome Variation, under the leadership of David Goldstein, PhD and Professor of Molecular Genetics & Microbiology, applies state-of-the-art genomic science to help understand how human genetic variation influences disease and drug response. Dr. Anna Need, of Duke's Department of Psychiatry will jointly manage the collaborative research.

Clozapine is an atypical antipsychotic agent used extensively in the treatment of schizophrenia patients. An important factor limiting its use is the risk of potentially fatal agranulocytosis, estimated in less than 2 percent of treated patients. Agranulocytosis is the failure of the bone marrow to produce enough white blood cells (neutrophils) resulting in a significantly reduced immune response. Clozapine is made available through a special FDA sanctioned special surveillance system (Clozapine Patient Management System). Under this program, patients must have a weekly white-cell count to receive their supply of the drug.

Last fall, the SAEC received as a gift, the research materials and data relating to the CIA cohort to be used in the collaboration from PGx Health (http://www.pgxhealth.com/), a division of Clinical Data, Inc. These data corroborated the already published evidence for genetic associations in HLA region (Chromosome 6) consistent with a proposed immunological mechanism as an important causal factor associated with CIA. The Duke-SAEC plans to expand on these data by conducted more extensive studies of CIA using state-of-the-art whole genome sequencing techniques.

"Our genetic research on both drug-induced liver injury and serious skin rashes points to a strong role of the immune system in contributing to these adverse responses." said Arthur L. Holden, Chairman of the SAEC. "By researching the genetics of drug induced CIA, we hope to further our understanding into the genetics of immunologically mediated adverse drug responses. Our collaboration with Duke University's Center for Human Genome Variation represents our first pilot to use whole genome sequencing technology to better understand the role of rare genetic variation in such events."

"For many patients Clozapine is the most effective drug available, but its use is constrained by the possibility of this serious adverse event requiring intrusive monitoring programs." said David Goldstein, PhD, Professor of Molecular Genetics & Microbiology at Duke University. "We hope that understanding the genetics of CIA will not only reduce its occurrence, but also allow wider use of Clozapine."


'/>"/>

Contact: Arthur L. Holden
773-867-8595
Zeno Group
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Faster koa tree growth without adverse ecosystem effects
2. Herceptin and chemo improves response rates without major adverse effects in HER2 breast cancer
3. Medicines derived from cannabis: a review of adverse events
4. International Serious Adverse Events Consortium announces initial study results in its global research collaboration to identify genetic markers related to drug induced liver injury
5. Complications early in pregnancy or in previous pregnancies adversely affect existing or subsequent pregnancies
6. Controlling for size may also prevent cancer
7. Avocados may help prevent oral cancer, OSU study shows
8. Dietary calcium could possibly prevent the spread of breast cancer to bone
9. Bilberry extract -- can it help prevent certain cancers?
10. Preventing tuberculosis reactivation
11. NIH hosts event to launch Council of Science Editors global theme issue
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 Ampronix facilitates superior patient care by providing unparalleled ... medical LCD display is the latest premium product recently added to the range of ... ... ... Sony 3d Imaging- LCD Medical Display- Ampronix News ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... 2016  Neurotechnology, a provider of high-precision biometric ... Biometric Identification System (ABIS) , a complete system ... ABIS can process multiple complex biometric transactions with ... fingerprint, face or iris biometrics. It leverages the ... MegaMatcher Accelerator , which have been used ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... 2016 The new GEZE SecuLogic ... web-based "all-in-one" system solution for all door components. It ... the door interface with integration authorization management system, and ... The minimal dimensions of the access control and the ... installations offer considerable freedom of design with regard to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... SAN DIEGO , June 27, 2016  Sequenom, ... company committed to enabling healthier lives through the development ... Supreme Court of the United States ... Federal courts that the claims of Sequenom,s U.S. Patent ... the patent eligibility criteria established by the Supreme Court,s ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... -- Liquid Biotech USA , Inc. ... Research Agreement with The University of Pennsylvania ("PENN") ... patients.  The funding will be used to assess ... outcomes in cancer patients undergoing a variety of ... to support the design of a therapeutic, decision-making ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Researchers at the Universita Politecnica delle Marche in Ancona combed medical ... mesothelioma. Their findings are the subject of a new article on the Surviving Mesothelioma ... in the blood, lung fluid or tissue of mesothelioma patients that can help point ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 A person commits a crime, and ... to track the criminal down. An outbreak of ... Drug Administration (FDA) uses DNA evidence to track down the ... Sound far-fetched? It,s not. The FDA has increasingly used a ... of foodborne illnesses. Put as simply as possible, whole genome ...
Breaking Biology Technology: