Navigation Links
Domesticated animals provide vital link to emergence of new diseases
Date:5/16/2014

Research at the University of Liverpool suggests pets and other domesticated animals could provide new clues into the emergence of infections that can spread between animals and humans.

The study showed that the number of parasites and pathogens shared by humans and animals is related to how long animals have been domesticated.

The findings suggest that although wild animals may be important for the transmission of new diseases to humans, humanity's oldest companions livestock and pets such as cattle and dogs provide the vital link in the emergence of new diseases.

Using data sourced from existing studies and information collected together in the Liverpool ENHanCEd Infectious Diseases (EID2) database, the researchers cross-referenced all known cases of parasites and pathogens in domestic animals with the length of time they have been domesticated by man.

In dogs, which have been domesticated for over 17,000 years, there were 71 shared parasites and pathogens, and in the 11,000 year association between humans and cattle, 34 have accumulated.

Epidemiologist, Dr Marie McIntyre was part of the study team. She said: "We don't have enough knowledge of how new diseases get from wildlife into humans.

"This study shows that domesticated animals can play an important role in that process and that diseases have been shared in this way for thousands of years."

The research examined 'centrality', to determine which domestic animals are in the middle of a web of shared infections. These animals are most active in spreading disease to other domesticated species. This 'centrality' linked directly with the length of time since domestication.

The EID2 database used in the study was created by University researchers in the Institute of Infection and Global Health to bring a 'big data' approach to emerging diseases. It contains information from more than 60 million papers, pieces of electronic reference material and textbooks on the spread and emergence of pathogens around the world, and can be cross-referenced with data on climate change, which also affects the spread of some diseases.

Dr McIntyre said: "Using data in this way can help us address the major threat of new diseases and the spread of existing diseases caused by climate change.

"Vast amounts of research are being carried out in this field, yet it isn't easy to search or draw patterns from it. As with this research into domestic animals, a database can help by bringing huge amounts of evidence together in one place."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jamie Brown
jamie.brown@liverpool.ac.uk
44-151-794-2248
University of Liverpool
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Ancient Egyptian cotton unveils secrets of domesticated crop evolution
2. Ancient African cattle first domesticated in Middle East, MU study reveals
3. Birthplace of the domesticated chili pepper identified in Mexico
4. Study suggests why some animals live longer
5. NOAA discovers way to detect low-level exposure to seafood toxin in marine animals
6. Elephant seal tracking reveals hidden lives of deep-diving animals
7. Deep sea animals stowaway on submarines and reach new territory
8. Environmental concerns increasing infectious disease in amphibians, other animals
9. Ion selectivity in neuronal signaling channels evolved twice in animals
10. Super-strong, high-tech material found to be toxic to aquatic animals
11. Fossil study helps pinpoint extinction risks for ocean animals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/21/2016)... 21, 2016   Neurotechnology , a provider ... today announced that the MegaMatcher On Card fingerprint ... for the NIST Minutiae Interoperability Exchange (MINEX) ... mandatory steps of the evaluation protocol. ... test of fingerprint templates used to establish compliance ...
(Date:11/16/2016)... Calif. , Nov. 16, 2016 ... user experience and security for consumer electronics, and ... the financial and retail industry, today announced a ... and convenient way to authenticate users of mobile ... Sensory,s TrulySecure™ software which requires no ...
(Date:11/14/2016)... 14, 2016  Based on its recent ... & Sullivan recognizes FST Biometrics with the ... Visionary Innovation Leadership. FST Biometrics emerged as ... market by pioneering In Motion Identification (IMID) ... seamless, and non-invasive verification. This patented solution ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Kara Dwyer Dodge grew up hearing stories of the sea monster her father ... found a sea turtle entangled in the lines of one of his lobster pots. He ... because no one could remember ever seeing one so large so close to shore. After ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Inc. ("SQI" or the "Company") (TSX-V: SQD; OTCQX: SQIDF), today reported its ... ended September 30, 2016. ... , SQI is a ... develops and commercializes proprietary technologies and products for advanced multiplexed diagnostics. ... $1.4 million more than tripling prior years revenue. ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... The ... asking the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) to consider OA as a serious disease. ... concerned about the growing population of OA patients, many of whom may experience ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... and Albany, NY (PRWEB) , ... December 06, ... ... control system integrator of custom industrial automation and IT solutions, today announced the ... Superior Controls has reliably delivered professionally executed automation and control systems integration services ...
Breaking Biology Technology: