Navigation Links
Does the victim affect snake venom composition?
Date:9/26/2007

A snake's intended prey might affect the type and evolution of toxins in their venom, research published in the online open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology shows.

In snakes, venom composition varies both between species and within a particular species. Land snakes feed on a range of animals and birds, so scientists think that these snakes need a diverse array of toxins in their venom. Sea snakes, on the other hand, tend to have a more restricted diet, feeding only on fish. The toxins in these snakes have now been shown to be less diverse than those in terrestrial snakes.

Professor R Manjunatha Kini and colleagues from the National University of Singapore examined two kinds of sea snakes. They constructed complementary DNA libraries from the venom glands of the reptiles, representing only the stretches of DNA that code for venom gland proteins, and studied two types of protein toxins. The three-finger toxins (3FTx) and the phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzymes are the main components of sea snake venom.

Although the sea snakes studied lived in very different aquatic environments, the toxins examined were similar in both and the genes encoding the toxins were highly conserved. By contrast, the same toxins in land snakes and sea kraits (which fall between land and sea snakes) showed much greater diversity. The researchers suggest that the toxin genes in sea snakes have remained relatively unchanged because of sea snakes share the same kind of feeding behaviour and diet.

"We examine toxin genes of snakes to identify new toxins, some of which will be useful in developing new therapeutic strategies to treat human diseases," says Prof Kini from the Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore. "A new anticoagulant or a hypotensive toxin may help us develop new cardiovascular drugs to block unwanted clot formation or to lower the blood pressure."


'/>"/>

Contact: Charlotte Webber
press@biomedcentral.com
44-020-763-19980
BioMed Central
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. New tooth enamel dating technique could help identify disaster victims
2. Spray-on skin relieves emotional trauma for child burn victims
3. Malaria vaccine prompts victims immune system to eliminate parasite from mosquitoes
4. Cytoplasm affects the number of vertebrae in carp-goldfish clones
5. Clam embryo study shows pollutant mixture adversely affects nerve cell development
6. A new study examines how shared pathogens affect host populations
7. Researchers discover chemical compounds that affect plant growth
8. WHO Warns Of Increased Risk Of Vector-borne Diseases In Tsunami-affected Areas
9. Road salt affects mitigation wetlands
10. Retrovirus struck ancestors of chimpanzees and gorillas millions of years ago, but did not affect ancestral humans
11. Exercise training in ordinary people affects the activity of 500 genes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/7/2017)... 2017   HireVue , the leading provider of ... the best talent, faster, today announced the additions of ... and Diana Kucer as Chief Marketing Officer ... team poised to drive continued growth in the company,s ... of record bookings in 2017. "Companies worldwide ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... 2017 Summary This report provides all ... partnering interests and activities since 2010. ... Read the full report: ... 2010 report provides an in-depth insight into the partnering activity ... On demand company reports are prepared upon purchase to ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... , March 2, 2017 Who risk to ... Download the full report: https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/4313699/ ... FINGERPRINT SENSOR FIELD? Fingerprint sensors using capacitive technology ... fingerprint sensor vendor Idex forecasts an increase of 360% ... devices and of the fingerprint sensor market between 2014 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... A research team led by ... in JoVE’s Video Journal, the world’s first peer-reviewed scientific video journal. The article ... coronary artery disease (CAD). Lam is an assistant professor at the Department of ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Md. , March 24, 2017  Infectex Ltd., ... (MBVF), today announced positive results of a Phase 2b-3 ... therapy regimen in patients with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB). ... scientists at Sequella, Inc. ( USA ) ... A total of 140 patients were enrolled in ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- Agenus Inc. (NASDAQ: AGEN), an immuno-oncology company with ... today announced participation at the following conferences: ... Maidstone Life Sciences conference "Cancer Immunotherapy Conference" at the ... York, NY . Agenus will participate in three ... Robert B. Stein , M.D., Ph.D., President, R&D ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017  SeraCare Life Sciences, ... in vitro diagnostics manufacturers and clinical laboratories, ... first multiplexed Inherited Cancer reference material ... by next-generation sequencing (NGS). The Seraseq™ Inherited Cancer ... input from industry experts to validate the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: