Navigation Links
Discovery of reprogramming signature may help further stem cell-based regenerative medicine research
Date:9/19/2012

LA JOLLA, CA---- Salk scientists have identified a unique molecular signature in induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), "reprogrammed" cells that show great promise in regenerative medicine thanks to their ability to generate a range of body tissues.

In this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the Salk scientists and their collaborators at University of California, San Diego, report that there is a consistent, signature difference between embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells. The findings could help overcome hurdles to using the induced stem cells in regenerative medicine.

"We believe that iPSCs hold a great potential for the treatment of human patients," says Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, a professor in Salk's Gene Expression Laboratory and the senior author on the paper. "Yet we must thoroughly understand the molecular mechanisms governing their safety profile in order to be confident of their function in the human body. With the discovery of these small, yet apparent, epigenetic differences, we believe that we are now one step closer to that goal."

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are known for their "pluripotency," the ability to differentiate into nearly any cell in the body. Because of this ability, it has long been thought that ESCs would be ideal to customize for therapeutic uses. However, when ESCs mature into specific cell types, and are then transplanted into a patient, they may elicit immune responses, potentially causing the patient to reject the cells.

In 2006, scientists discovered how to revert mature cells, which had already differentiated into particular cell types, such as skin cells or hair cells, back into a pluripotent state. These "induced pluripotent stem cells" (iPSCs), which could be developed from the patient's own cells, would theoretically carry no risk of immune rejection.

However, scientists found that iPSCs had molecular differences from embryonic stem cells. Specifically, there were epigenetic changes, chemical modifications in DNA that might alter genetic activity. At certain points in the iPSC's genome, scientists could see the presence of different patterns of methyl groups when compared to the genomes of ESCs. It seemed these changes occurred randomly.

Izpisua Belmonte and his colleagues wanted to understand more about these differences. Were they truly random, or was there a discernable pattern?

Unlike previous studies, which had primarily analyzed iPSCs derived from only one mature type of cells (mainly connective tissue cells called fibroblasts), the Salk and UCSD researchers examined iPSCs derived from six different mature cell types to see if there were any commonalities. They discovered that while there were hundreds of unpredictable changes, there were some that remained consistent across the cell types: the same nine genes were associated with these common changes in all iPSCs.

"We knew there were differences between iPSCs and ESCs," says Sergio Ruiz, first author of the paper, "We now have an identifying mark for what they are."

The therapeutic significance of these nine genes awaits further research. The importance of the current study is that it gives stem cells researchers a new and more precise understanding of iPSCs.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy Hoang
ahoang@salk.edu
619-861-5811
Salk Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. King Richard III search in new phase after discovery has potential to rewrite history
2. New discovery related to gum disease
3. Cant smell anything? This discovery may give you hope
4. Chemicals today, drugs tomorrow: U-Ms new Center for Drug Discovery
5. Molecular movies may accelerate anti-cancer drug discovery
6. Gene discovery could improve treatment for acute myeloid leukemia
7. New discovery of how carbon is stored in the Southern Ocean
8. Gene discovery set to help with mysterious paralysis of childhood
9. 3-D tumor models improve drug discovery success rate
10. OHSU discovery may lead to new treatment for ALS
11. Groundbreaking discovery of mechanism that controls obesity, atherosclerosis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Discovery of reprogramming signature may help further stem cell-based regenerative medicine research
(Date:4/28/2016)... First quarter 2016:   , Revenues amounted ... quarter of 2015 The gross margin was 49% (27) ... the operating margin was 40% (-13) Earnings per share ... operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , Outlook   ... M. The operating margin for 2016 is estimated to ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... the  "Global Multi-modal Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report to ... ) , The analysts forecast the ... CAGR of 15.49% during the period 2016-2020.  ... number of sectors such as the healthcare, BFSI, ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... 15, 2016  A new partnership announced today ... underwriting decisions in a fraction of the time ... and high-value life insurance policies to consumers without ... With Force Diagnostics, rapid testing (A1C, Cotinine and ... (blood pressure, weight, pulse, BMI, and activity data) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... Scientists at ... line options being tried for mesothelioma may be hampering the research that could lead ... research. Click here to read it now. , The team evaluated 98 ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Cell therapies for a range of ... research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) that yielded a newly patented method of ... The novel method, developed by WPI faculty members Raymond Page, PhD, professor of ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... The need for blood donations in South Texas and across ... South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, blood donations are on the decline. In fact, donations ... are down 21 percent in South Texas in the last four years alone. , There ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... and LONDON , May 23, 2016 ... Frontage Boost Efficiency by 40% - Frontage Implement a ... Frontage Enforce Quality, Compliance and Traceability Within the Bioanalytical lab ... in the United States and ... be deployed across its laboratory facilities. In addition to serving as ...
Breaking Biology Technology: