Navigation Links
Discovery of plant proteins may boost agricultural yields and biofuel production
Date:5/14/2012

" says Ryan Philippe, a postdoctoral researcher in Noel's lab.

Micheline Ngaki, a graduate student in Wurtele's lab, says that if the researchers can understand precisely what role the proteins play in seed oil production, they might be able to modify the proteins' activity in new plant strains to produce more oil or higher quality oil than current crops.

The researchers' findings also have implications for evolutionary biology and how large and essential families of enzymes arise from nonenzymatic cousins and are then perfected by evolution.

The ancient ancestors of the proteins the research teams discovered evolved into the enzyme chalcone isomerase, which plays a key role in the production of a group of polyphenols known as flavonoids, compounds that serve a number of functions in plants and are critical for disease prevention in human diets.

"One function of flavonoids is to protect plants from sunlight, which would have been key when plants first emerged from the oceans and lakes to colonize land," says Noel. "We've shown that the very ancient FAP proteins still found in algae and other non-plant organisms acquired chalcone isomerase activity hundreds of millions of years ago, allowing land plants to produce flavonoids for survival in the absence of the protective environment of water."

The discovery may also help bioengineers focused on creating new enzymes for industrial uses by revealing how nature evolves proteins into chemical machines known as enzymes.

"Nature has been perfecting enzymes for at least three billion years because they carry out the hundreds of thousands of chemical reactions in all organisms, and these reactions are needed by us all to survive and prosper," says Noel. "We could learn a lot by understanding that three-billion year old experiment."


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy Hoang
AHoang@salk.edu
619-861-5811
Salk Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Discovery of a new family of key mitochondrial proteins for the function and viability of the brain
2. Bacteria discovery could lead to antibiotics alternatives
3. Discovery reveals chromosomes organize into yarns
4. Stomata development in plants unraveled -- a valuable discovery for environmental research
5. New discovery may lead to effective prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host dsease
6. Tales from the crypt lead researchers to cancer discovery
7. Breast cancer risk gene discovery fast tracked by new technology
8. Discovery offers insight into treating viral stomach flu
9. Unexpected discovery reveals a new mechanism for how the cerebellum extracts signal from noise
10. Discovery provides blueprint for new drugs that can inhibit hepatitis C virus
11. Annual Drug Discovery Conferences Being Held in Boston MA, Spring 2012
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Discovery of plant proteins may boost agricultural yields and biofuel production
(Date:10/17/2014)... critical and pertinent for practicing physicians and clinicians given ... The Journal, Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness ... Public Health, to surround the public, medical professionals and ... , On October 17, the journal published ... was prepared by Dr. Eric Toner, internist and emergency ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... Mary,s Virginia Institute of Marine Science have received ... Agency to identify the streams and wetlands most ... to help local governments and citizens conserve these ... a dataset of tidal-marsh observations first gathered by ... historical baseline can today,s researchers accurately map the ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... women experienced improvements in vaginal atrophy, with no ... after 12 weeks of daily 10 milligram (mg) ... supplement previously shown to help relieve certain menopause ... reported in a poster at the North American ... "These data documented improved vaginal epithelium, without significant ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 2EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 3S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2
... us, deep within Earth,s crust, life is astir. Organisms ... thinking of life. Instead, thriving there are microbes, the ... the biological diversity of these deep biosphere microorganisms may ... about them is still unknown, including the origin of ...
... at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has found a way to ... those that don,t have one. Smell plays an important role ... fruit and vegetables, perfume, and even a partner. And yet, smell ... what we taste, explains Prof. Alexander Vainstein, who is heading the ...
... SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. (Oct. 7, 2008) ... and analysis has just been released by Cold ... day-to-day use in the laboratory, it includes essential ... experimental strategies, and troubleshooting advice on the most ...
Cached Biology News:Deep biosphere research points to new methods for recovering petroleum 2Deep biosphere research points to new methods for recovering petroleum 3Deep biosphere research points to new methods for recovering petroleum 4Deep biosphere research points to new methods for recovering petroleum 5Scent on demand: Hebrew University scientists enhance the scent of flowers 2New lab manual focuses on essential methods for purifying and characterizing proteins 2
(Date:10/20/2014)... October 20, 2014 OncLive® ... Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University has ... Through the Strategic Alliance Partnership program, the Sidney ... collaborate to raise awareness of the Center’s cutting-edge ... other projects. Clinicians and other health care professionals ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... October 19, 2014 The Latin American ... market in Latin America with analysis and forecast of ... 2013, and is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by ... 2018. , Browse through the TOC of the Latin ... of the in-depth analysis provided. It also provides a ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... (PRWEB) October 19, 2014 The ... bromine market in Asia-Pacific with analysis and forecast ... the Asia Pacific Bromine Market report, to get ... also provides a glimpse of the segmentation in ... various tables and figures. , http://www.micromarketmonitor.com/market/asia-pacific-bromine-6741503144.html ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The report "Chocolate, Cocoa Beans, Lecithin, Sugar and ... and Forecast (2011 - 2016)," analyzes the chocolate ... the major market drivers, restraints, and opportunities for the ... The global chocolate market is expected to grow from ... an estimated CAGR of 2.7% from 2011 to 2016. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 3The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
... REHOVOT, Israel and JERSEY CITY, New Jersey, July 3, ... of microRNA-based diagnostics and therapeutics, announced today,it will present ... at 8:30 am EST at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel ... (Nasdaq: ROSG ) is a leader in the ...
... company to offer choice of two distinct drugs on ... separate drug-eluting stent platforms, ... ) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug,Administration (FDA) ... of coronary artery disease. The,PROMUS Stent is a private-labeled XIENCE(TM) ...
... Bioniche,s growing line of injectable ... ... and manufacturer of injectable pharmaceuticals, announced today,the acquisition of Baxter Healthcare Corporation,s ... mg/mL, 15 mL vial -- ENLON-PLUS(R) (edrophonium chloride, USP and atropine ...
Cached Biology Technology:Boston Scientific Announces FDA Approval for PROMUS(TM) Everolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System 2Boston Scientific Announces FDA Approval for PROMUS(TM) Everolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System 3Boston Scientific Announces FDA Approval for PROMUS(TM) Everolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System 4Bioniche Pharma Acquires Baxter's ENLON(R) and ENLON-PLUS(R) 2
... kit provides complete components including positive ... detection of DNA fragmentation in cultured ... of BrdU in the procedure provides ... methods. Results can be analyzed by ...
... your Ion Chromatography requirements, IonQuest will ... The newly developed conductivity detector has ... . In addition to the standard ... with other detectors, such as electrochemical, refractive ...
... The Hamamatsu C9136 FLIM system combines the space ... with the resolution of the optical microscope to ... a short, pulsed light source for excitation, the ... and the lifetime of the decay measured. ...
... SDS and Non-ionic Detergent Removal , ... Very selective, virtually no cross-reactivity with other ... discard pellet , Economical new surface ... Detergents can often interfere with protein analysis. ...
Biology Products: