Navigation Links
Discovered! The new species of Borneo's enigmatic primate with a toxic bite
Date:12/12/2012

An international team of scientists studying the elusive nocturnal primate the slow loris in the jungles of Borneo have discovered an entirely new species. The team's analysis of the primate's distinctive facial fur markings, published in the American Journal of Primatology, reveals the existence of one entirely new species, while two of species, previously considered as possible sub-species, are being officially recognized as unique.

"Technological advances have improved our knowledge about the diversity of several nocturnal mammals," said Rachel Munds from the University of Missouri Columbia. "Historically many species went unrecognized as they were falsely lumped together as one species. While the number of recognized primate species has doubled in the past 25 years some nocturnal species remain hidden to science."

The slow loris (Nycticebus) is a primate genus closely related to the lemur. Found across South East Asia, from Bangladesh and China's Yunnan province to the island of Borneo, the slow loris is rare amongst primates for having a toxic bite, and is rated as Vulnerable or Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Slow lorises are recognized by their unique fur coloration on the body and face, yet while traits such as fur patterns are often used to distinguish between species; nocturnal species are cryptic in coloration and have less obvious external differences. The team's research focused on the distinctive colorings of Borneo's slow loris, whose faces have an appearance of a mask, with the eyes being covered by distinct patches and their heads having varying shapes of caps on the top.

Differences among these facemasks resulted in recognition of four species of Bornean and Philippine lorises, N menagensis, N. bancanus, N. borneanus and N. kayan. Of these Nycticebus kayan is a new group unrecognized before as distinct. This new species is found in the central-east highland area of Borneo and is named for a major river flowing in its region, the Kayan.

The recognition of these new species strongly suggests that there is more diversity yet to be discovered in the jungles of Borneo and on the surrounding islands, including the Phillipines. However, much of this territory is threatened by human activity so the possibility that more slow loris species exist in small and fragile ranges raises urgent questions for conservation efforts.

"The pet trade is a serious threat for slow lorises in Indonesia, and recognition of these new species raises issues regarding where to release confiscated Bornean slow lorises, as recognition by non-experts can be difficult," said co-author Professor Nekaris, from Oxford Brookes University.

"In the first study to quantify facial mask differences we have recognized three new species of slow loris, two of which were recognized as subspecies at some point in the past, but are now elevated to species status, and one previously unrecognized group." concluded Ms Munds. "This finding will assist in conservation efforts for these enigmatic primates, although survey work in Borneo suggests the new species are either very difficult to locate or that their numbers may be quite small."


'/>"/>

Contact: Ben Norman
Sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
44-012-437-70375
Wiley
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Galapagos tortoises are a migrating species
2. Three new arthropod species have been found in the Maestrazgo Caves in Teruel
3. American University biologist discovers new crab species
4. At least one-third of marine species remain undescribed
5. New ancient shark species gives insight into origin of great white
6. Researchers to study impacts of pollutant nitrogen on plant species diversity
7. After long-ago mass extinction, global warming hindered species recovery
8. Report: Bushmeat pushes Southern African species to the brink
9. Major changes needed to protect Australias species and ecosystems
10. One click away: Finding data on Floridas endangered species just got easier
11. Environment: Pooling information to combat the threat of alien species in Europe
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Discovered! The new species of Borneo's enigmatic primate with a toxic bite
(Date:4/13/2017)... According to a new market research report "Consumer ... Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, and Region - ... to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to USD 31.75 Billion ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 No two people ... at the New York University Tandon School of ... have found that partial similarities between prints are ... in mobile phones and other electronic devices can ... The vulnerability lies in the fact that fingerprint-based ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 5, 2017  The Allen Institute for Cell Science ... a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window into the ... the first application of deep learning to create predictive ... lines and a growing suite of powerful tools. The ... and future publicly available resources created and shared by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... a row in the Aragon Research Globe™ for Corporate Learning, 2017. , Aragon ... direction and market demand, and effectively perform against those strategies. NetDimensions’ ranking as ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Bacterial biofilms, surface adherent communities of bacteria that are ... from food poisoning and catheter infections to gum disease and the rejection of medical ... of dollars per year, there is currently a paucity of means for preventing their ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... Cancer diagnostics and pathology ... B2 at the Association for Pathology Informatics Annual Summit at the ... demonstrating its Cancer Diagnostic Cockpit and Consultation Portal, Inspirata will present research it ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 18, 2017 , ... ... April 28, 2017 at the Prince Of Wales Private Hospital. The procedure was ... level C6-C7. The patient failed conservative treatments prior to undergoing surgery. , The ...
Breaking Biology Technology: