Navigation Links
Disarming specialized stem cells might combat deadly ovarian cancer
Date:1/27/2010

Eliminating cancer stem cells (CSCs) within a tumor could hold the key to successful treatments for ovarian cancer, which has been notoriously difficult to detect and treat, according to new findings published this week in the journal Oncogene by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

"We found that stopping the expression of two genesLin28 and Oct4reduces ovarian cancer cell growth and survival," said Yingqun Huang, M.D., assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine.

Ovarian cancer has been challenging to treat because it tends to recur frequently and develop resistance to treatment. The poor outcome for women with ovarian cancer has been associated with subtle and nonspecific symptomsearning it the moniker the "disease that whispers."

"This recurrence and drug resistance may be due to the presence of CSCs within the tumors that have the capacity to reproduce and to differentiate into non-CSC tumor cells that repopulate the tumor mass," said Huang, who is a member of Yale Stem Cell Center and Yale Cancer Center. "Eliminating these CSCs may be key to successful treatments."

While in the process of studying the functions of stem cell proteins in human embryonic stem cells, Huang and her colleagues unexpectedly discovered that a sub-population of ovarian cancer cells express stem cell proteins Lin28 and Oct4. They also found that the two proteins appear to act together in ovarian cancer tissue cells to produce more advanced tumors. Inhibiting their combined expression led to a significant decrease in the growth and survival of cancer cells. A larger-scale ovarian cancer study is currently underway to confirm the significance of the findings.

"We hope we will soon be able to apply this new information to improve outcomes, perhaps by developing better diagnostic markers and treatment strategies that may be useful in customizing treatment for ovarian cancer patients," said Huang.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UB specialized exercise regimen shown to relieve prolonged concussion symptoms
2. Asthma and other allergies tied to absence of specialized cells
3. Mice use specialized neurons to detect carbon dioxide in the air
4. March of Dimes awards $250,000 prize to scientist who discovered how to reprogram human cells
5. Grant to study how cells sense electric fields
6. NYSCF Fellow lead author on study that creates blood vessel cells from stem cells
7. New way to generate abundant functional blood vessel cells from human stem cells discovered
8. Update on pluripotent stem cells (hESC and iPS)
9. Excess DNA damage found in cells of patients with Friedreichs ataxia
10. Mutations in different cells cooperate to set the stage for cancer
11. Study shows that delivering stem cells improves repair of major bone injuries in rats
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/7/2017)... 2017   MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based ... clinical research, is pleased to announce that the latest ... highly flexible and award winning eClinical solution, is now ... is a proven Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) clinical research technology ... but also delivers an entire suite of eClinical tools ...
(Date:2/7/2017)... 2017 Ipsidy Inc. ( www.ipsidy.com ... IDGS], ("Ipsidy" or the "Company") a provider of secure, ... is pleased to announce the following changes as part ... January 31, 2017, Philip D. Beck was ... President.  An experienced payment industry professional and public company ...
(Date:2/3/2017)... , Feb. 3, 2017  Texas Biomedical Research Institute ... Larry Schlesinger as the Institute,s new President ... Biomed effective May 31, 2017. He is currently the Chair ... of the Center for Microbial Interface Biology at Ohio State ... as the new President and CEO of Texas Biomed," said ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/15/2017)...  Trianni, Inc. („TRIANNI") gab heute bekannt, man ... über die Verwendung der The Trianni Mouse unterschrieben, ... Entdeckung monoklonaler Antikörper. Die Trianni Plattform ... das Janssen den Zugang zu einer ... für die schelle Isolierung vollständig menschlicher Therapeutika optimiert ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... 2017  Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Vanda) (NASDAQ: VNDA), ... fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, ... for Vanda as we continued to demonstrate strong ... exclusivity for Fanapt," said Mihael H. Polymeropoulos, M.D., ... pipeline with important 2017 milestones underscores Vanda,s commitment ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... Feb. 15, 2017 Windtree Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... developing aerosolized KL4 surfactant therapies for respiratory diseases, will ... presentation) at 8:00 AM EST on Thursday, February 16, ... clinical program, the recently announced closing of a $10.5 ... To participate in the live call and ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... ... February 15, 2017 , ... Diameter Health ... Diameter Health technology in the hands of Lantana analysts. The high-performance platform of ... and public health entities – all those mining value from clinical data – ...
Breaking Biology Technology: