Navigation Links
Different neuronal groups govern right-left alternation when walking

Scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have identified the neuronal circuits in the spinal cord of mice that control the ability to produce the alternating movements of the legs during walking. The study, published in the journal Nature, demonstrates that two genetically-defined groups of nerve cells are in control of limb alternation at different speeds of locomotion, and thus that the animals' gait is disturbed when these cell populations are missing.

Most land animals can walk or run by alternating their left and right legs in different coordinated patterns. Some animals, such as rabbits, move both leg pairs simultaneously to obtain a hopping motion. In the present study, the researchers Adolfo Talpalar and Julien Bouvier together with professor Ole Kiehn and colleagues, have studied the spinal networks that control these movement patterns in mice. By using advanced genetic methods that allow the elimination of discrete groups of neurons from the spinal cord, they were able to remove a type of neurons characterized by the expression of the gene Dbx1.

"It was classically thought that only one group of nerve cells controls left right alternation", says Ole Kiehn who leads the laboratory behind the study at the Department of Neuroscience. "It was then very interesting to find that there are actually two specific neuronal populations involved, and on top of that that they each control different aspect of the limb coordination."

Indeed, the researchers found that the gene Dbx1 is expressed in two different groups of nerve cells, one of which is inhibitory and one that is excitatory. The new study shows that the two cellular populations control different forms of the behaviour. Just like when we change gear to accelerate in a car, one part of the neuronal circuit controls the mouse's alternating gait at low speeds, while the other population is engaged when the animal moves faster. Accordingly, the study also show that when the two populations are removed altogether in the same animal, the mice were unable to alternate at all, and hopped like rabbits instead.

There are some animals, such as desert mice and kangaroos, which only hop. The researchers behind the study speculate that the locomotive pattern of these animals could be attributable to the lack of the Dbx1 controlled alternating system.


Contact: Press Office
Karolinska Institutet

Related biology news :

1. Do mens and womens hearts burn fuel differently?
2. Divide and define: Clues to understanding how stem cells produce different kinds of cells
3. Stem cell proliferation and differentiation observed within hydrogel
4. Men and women get sick in different ways
5. Antarctic and Arctic insects use different genetic mechanisms to cope with lack of water
6. Discovery may explain how prion diseases spread between different types of animals
7. BUSM study shows potential of differentiated iPS cells in cell therapy without immune rejection
8. Most-used diabetes drug works in different way than previously thought
9. Even in same vineyard, different microbes may create variations in wine grapes
10. Different genes behind same adaptation to thin air
11. Neuroscientists prove ultrasound can be tweaked to stimulate different sensations
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/4/2015)... 4, 2015 --> ... published by Transparency Market Research "Home Security Solutions Market - ... 2015 - 2022", the global home security solutions market is expected ... 2022. The market is estimated to expand at a ... to 2022. Rising security needs among customers at homes, ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... , Oct. 29, 2015   MedNet Solutions , ... entire spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce ... Tech Association (MHTA) as one of only three finalists ... "Software – Small and Growing" category. The Tekne Awards honor ... have shown superior technology innovation and leadership. ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... 29, 2015 Daon, a global leader in ... released a new version of its IdentityX Platform ... North America have already installed IdentityX v4.0 ... a FIDO UAF certified server component as ... activate FIDO features. These customers include some of the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... physicians, aesthetic practitioners and aesthetics professionals from Central America and abroad for the ... in Panama City, Panama Feb. 17-19, 2016. Testart will present and discuss new ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ), a ... the American Business Act on Climate Pledge, alongside more than ... with the Obama Administration to demonstrate an ongoing commitment to ... to the COP21 Paris climate negotiations. ... Sarnia, Canada . --> BioAmber uses ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 30, 2015 Spherix Incorporated (Nasdaq: ... the fostering and monetization of intellectual property, today ... initiatives designed to create shareholder value. ... Spherix. "Based on published reports, the total addressable ... billion and Spherix will seek to secure fair ...
(Date:11/30/2015)...  HUYA Bioscience International, the leader in accelerating global ... today announced it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding ... collaboration between KDDF and HUYA with the ultimate goal ... for the global market. China,s ... innovative preclinical and clinical stage compounds. The company advances ...
Breaking Biology Technology: