Navigation Links
Dictyostelium cells shown to lay 'breadcrumb trail' as first step in multicellular formation
Date:12/1/2008

When starved of their food source and then presented with a chemoattractant signal like cAMP, individual Dictyostelium cells acquire a polarized morphology and aggregate to form a migrating stream. This is the first step in a developmental program that culminates in the formation of a multicellular organism. Kriebel et al. show how this streaming response is coordinated at a single-cell level in the December 1, 2008 issue of the Journal of Cell Biology (www.jcb.org).

Besides acquiring a polarized morphology and beginning to chemotax, Dictyostelium cells respond to cAMP signals by making their own cAMP, thereby recruiting yet more cells to join the parade. The team previously discovered that ACAthe enzyme that makes cAMPis highly enriched at the back of migrating cells. They thus proposed that the attractant is released mainly from the rear of cells, which prompts fellow cells to align and generate head-to-tail streaming structures. Kriebel et al. now show that ACA is packaged into intracellular vesicles that cluster at the rear of cells in a process that is dependent on actin and microtubule networks. They also show that de novo protein synthesis is required to maintain the asymmetrical distribution of the ACA vesicles.

Interestingly, the ACA-containing vesicles themselves, not just their contents, are deposited behind the Dictyostelium cells like a breadcrumb trail as the cells crawl along. As cAMP is a small and diffusible molecule, perhaps the vesicles serve to package the chemoattractant so that it doesn't immediately diffuse away, says author Carole Parent.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rita Sullivan
rsullivan@rockefeller.edu
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Wistar scientists find key to keeping killer T cells in prime shape for fighting infection, cancer
2. Rong Li Lab offers insight into adaptive ability of cells
3. Tiny protein provokes healthy bonding between cells
4. Childrens Hospital scientists achieve repair of injured heart muscle in lab tests of stem cells
5. Mammals can be stimulated to regrow damaged inner retina nerve cells
6. Penn scientists discover cells reorganize shape to fit the situation
7. Intraspinal implant of mesenchymal stem cells may not heal the demyelinated spinal cord
8. In the war against diseases, nerve cells need their armor
9. MIT creates tiny backpacks for cells
10. Scripps research scientists identify compounds for stem-cell production from adult cells
11. Lung airway cells activate vitamin D and increase immune response
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/21/2016)... -- Unique technology combines v ...   Xura, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... communications services, today announced it is working alongside SpeechPro ... particularly those in the Financial Services Sector, the ability ... a mobile app, alongside, and in combination with, traditional ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... 15, 2016 Yissum Research Development Company ... company of the Hebrew University, announced today the formation ... technology of various human biological indicators. Neteera Technologies has ... from private investors. ... detection of electromagnetic emissions from sweat ducts, enables reliable ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... , March 11, 2016 ... new market research report "Image Recognition Market by Technology ... (Marketing and Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises and Cloud), ... To 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is ... to USD 29.98 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... manufacturing company, today announced several positive developments that position the Company for the ... result of the transaction, Craig F. Kinghorn has been appointed Chairman of the ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Founder of the Fitzmaurice Hand Institute in ... of the hand by the National Board of Physicians and Surgeons, as of ... in his pursuit of providing the most comprehensive, effective treatment for his patients, ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Biohaven Pharmaceutical Holding Company Ltd. ... the company’s orphan drug designation request covering BHV-4157 for the treatment of Spinocerebellar ... FDA. , Spinocerebellar ataxia is a rare, debilitating neurodegenerative disorder that is ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... ... need for blood donations in South Texas and across the nation is growing. , But ... blood donations are on the decline. In fact, donations across the country are at their ... Texas in the last four years alone. , There is no substitute for blood. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology: