Navigation Links
Dawn of humanity illuminated in special journal edition 50 years after the Leakeys
Date:8/21/2012

The first systematic, multidisciplinary results to come out of research conducted on the edge of the Serengeti at the rich palaeoanthropological site in the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania since that produced by Louis and Mary Leakey's team, have recently been published in a special issue of the prestigious Journal of Human Evolution.

Professor Marion Bamford, deputy director of the Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, and Professor Ron Clarke from the Institute of Human Evolution both at the University of the Witwatersrand contributed papers to the 191-page special edition. Bamford and Clarke's contributions are part of 15 papers by 25 scientists to have come from research conducted by the Olduvai Landscape Paleoanthropology Project (OLAPP) since 1989 and the special edition is entitled Five Decades after Zinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.

"The significance of this special edition is the culmination of the work we have been doing at Olduvai the past two decades and is an impressive range of articles that deals with various aspects of our distant ancestor Homo habilis."

"No one site tells us more about the last two million years of human evolution than Olduvai and with contributing researchers from Wits University, this collaborative work dispels the suppose rift in palaeosciences between East Africa and South Africa," says Professor Robert Blumenschine, guest-editor of the special edition and Chief Scientific Strategist of the Palaeontological Scientific Trust (PAST), based at Wits.

Bamford and Clarke are also associated with and supported by PAST which provides funding to members of the OLAPP team, including to the local excavators and technicians supporting the research in Tanzania.

"The publication celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Leakey-discoveries in 1959 and 1960 of the Zinjanthropus (now known as Paranthropus boisei) and Homo habilis type species. The Leakey's work, spanning five decades until 1984, established Olduvai as the single most important record for hominid biological and technological evolution over the last two million years," Blumenschine says.

Bamford's paper entitled Fossil sedges, microplants, and roots from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, and her collaborative paper with Rosa Albert entitled Vegetation during UMBI and deposition of Tuff IF at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania (ca. 1.8 Ma) based on phytoliths and plant remains, provide the first systematic report of plant fossils from Olduvai. Together, these papers show the great potential plant fossils hold for high resolution palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the habitats used by Homo habilis at Olduvai.

Clarke, who has worked closely with the Leakeys in the 1960s, gives in his paper entitled A Homo habilis maxilla and other newly-discovered hominid fossils from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, a full description of the Olduvai Hominid (OH) 65 palate, the first complete upper dentition of Homo habilis. This specimen provides crucial evidence for redefining Homo habilis.

Clarke also describes the specimen OH 7X, that is the previously missing right second molar of the OH 7 mandible discovered by the Leakeys 46 years earlier, and used by them to originally describe the species Homo habilis.


'/>"/>
Contact: Erna van Wyk
erna.vanwyk@wits.ac.za
27-117-174-023
University of the Witwatersrand
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Dawn of humanity illuminated in special journal edition - 50 years after the Leakeys
2. Lower vitamin D could increase risk of dying, especially for frail, older adults
3. Professors essay is 1 of 10 in special issue of Daedalus
4. Preclinical studies use specialized ultrasound to detect presence of cancer
5. Special issue of Botany showcases CANPOLIN research
6. Special issue of the EMBO Journal celebrates 30 years of Wnt research
7. Specialization for underwater hearing by the tympanic middle ear of the turtle
8. Dinosaur fossil: Even specialized predators didnt turn down free meals
9. First antibiotic stewardship probed in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
10. US Navy defends renewable fuels strategy in Industrial Biotechnology Journal
11. Genetics Society of America’s GENETICS journal highlights for August 2012
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Dawn of humanity illuminated in special journal edition  50 years after the Leakeys
(Date:6/14/2017)... IBM ) is introducing several innovative partner startups at VivaTech ... startups and global businesses, taking place in Paris ... will showcase the solutions they have built with IBM Watson ... France is one of the most dynamic ... in the number of startups created between 2012 and 2015*, ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... May 16, 2017  Veratad Technologies, LLC ( www.veratad.com ... age and identity verification solutions, announced today they will ... 2017, May 15 thru May 17, 2017, in ... International Trade Center. Identity impacts the ... in today,s quickly evolving digital world, defining identity is ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... 2017 RAM Group , Singaporean ... breakthrough in biometric authentication based on a ... to perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are based ... by Ram Group and its partners. This sensor will ... chains and security. Ram Group is a next ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/16/2017)... ... July 16, 2017 , ... OHAUS ... announced the launch of its new line of Rocking and Waving Shakers today. ... shaker models (both analog and digital) for laboratory applications in a variety of ...
(Date:7/15/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 15, 2017 , ... Cuvette ... 5 years. During this time, the people at FFS have learned that their ... customers, engineers at FFS are able to launch new products to meet the changing ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... ... July 13, 2017 , ... Dr. Joshua Mondlick has introduced the ... his practice, Mondlick Perio, in the Phoenix area. Dr. Mondlick is at ... only FDA cleared laser treatment to re-grow bone and with significantly less pain than ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 14, 2017 , ... ... solution for sample preparation of proteins to clean peptides for mass spectrometry (MS) ... system. , The PreOmics iST Kit is based on proprietary technology that ...
Breaking Biology Technology: