Navigation Links
DNA's twisted communication
Date:2/28/2013

During embryo development, genes are dynamically, and very precisely, switched on and off to confer different properties to different cells and build a well-proportioned and healthy animal. Fgf8 is one of the key genes in this process, controlling in particular the growth of the limbs and the formation of the different regions of the brain. Researchers at EMBL have elucidated how Fgf8 in mammal embryos is, itself, controlled by a series of multiple, interdependent regulatory elements. Their findings, published today in Developmental Cell, shed new light on the importance of the genome structure for gene regulation.

Fgf8 is controlled by a large number of regulatory elements that are clustered in the same large region of the genome and are interspersed with other, unrelated genes. Both the sequences and the intricate genomic arrangement of these elements have remained very stable throughout evolution, thus proving their importance. By selectively changing the relative positioning of the regulatory elements, the researchers were able to modify their combined impact on Fgf8, and therefore drastically affect the embryo.

"We showed that the surprisingly complex organisation of this genomic region is a key aspect of the regulation of Fgf8," explains Franois Spitz, who led the study at EMBL. "Fgf8 responds to the input of specific regulatory elements, and not to others, because it sits at a special place, not because it is a special gene. How the regulatory elements contribute to activate a gene is not determined by a specific recognition tag, but by where precisely the gene is in the genome."

Scientists are still looking into the molecular details of this regulatory mechanism. It is likely that the way DNA folds in 3D could, under certain circumstances, bring different sets of regulatory elements in contact with each other and with Fgf8, to trigger or prevent gene expression. These findings highlight a level of complexity of gene regulation that is often overlooked. Regulatory elements are not engaged in a one-to-one relationship with the specific gene that has the appropriate DNA sequence. The local genomic organisation, and 3D folding of DNA, might actually be more important factors that both modulate the action of regulation elements, and put them in contact with their target gene.

More research will be necessary to understand in detail the impact of the 3D structure of DNA on the communication between the various elements of the genome, and on the regulation of gene expression. Further down the line, this could also further our understanding of how genomic rearrangements might disrupt these 3D regulatory networks and lead to diseases and malformations.


'/>"/>

Contact: Isabelle Kling
isabelle.kling@embl.de
49-622-138-78355
European Molecular Biology Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Quantum communication: Each photon counts
2. Toward reducing the greenhouse gas emissions of the Internet and telecommunications
3. NOAA: Underwater noise decreases whale communications in Stellwagen Bank sanctuary
4. Science reporters win ASM Public Communications Award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/5kvw8m/global_facial ) ... "Global Facial Recognition Market 2016-2020" report ... ) has announced the addition of the ... report to their offering. --> ... announced the addition of the "Global ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , Feb. 3, 2016 ... the addition of the "Emotion Detection ... Machine Learning, and Others), Software Tools (Facial ... Areas, End Users,and Regions - Global forecast ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016   Parabon NanoLabs ... the U.S. Army Research Office and the Defense ... and sensitivity of the company,s Snapshot Kinship ... Mission and, more generally, defense-related DNA forensics.  Although ... capabilities (predicting appearance and ancestry from DNA evidence), ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... , ... With a presidential election in November and the future of U.S. ... over 500 top healthcare leaders for a night and day of debates and discussions ... students of the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, will be held February 18 – ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Net-Translators, an ... the launch of its revamped and improved website. In an on-going effort to ... redesigned website will better communicate how the company designs and delivers thorough, high-quality ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 09, 2016 , ... The American Academy of Thermology (AAT) has ... 2016 AAT Member Certification Qualification Course for Technicians via a two part webinar on ... include a detailed review of hardware, software, and camera setup/operations, aligns with the in-person ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... , Feb. 9, 2016  DNAtrix, a ... for cancer, announced that its lead product, ... Commission as an orphan medicinal product for ... form of glioma, strikes approximately 25,000 people ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160208/330986LOGO --> ...
Breaking Biology Technology: