Navigation Links
DNA sequencing pioneer receives 2011 Russ Prize
Date:1/6/2011

ATHENS, Ohio (Jan. 6, 2011) Ohio University and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) announce that the bioengineering profession's highest honor, the Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize, has been awarded to Leroy Hood of Seattle, Washington, for his discoveries related to the sequencing of the human genome.

Hood, president and co-founder of the Institute for Systems Biology, will receive the $500,000 award for automating DNA sequencing that has revolutionized biomedicine and forensic science.

"Dr. Hood's contribution has advanced health and quality of life in the U.S. and around the world, and have enhanced the education of future engineering leaders," said NAE president Charles Vest. "Recognizing him not only rewards great accomplishments but also shines a light on the importance of work that may inspire others to build on their achievements."

Hood developed the automated DNA sequencer, which enabled the rapid, automated sequencing of DNA, making a significant contribution to the mapping of the human genome and revolutionizing the field of genomics.

To date, more than 1,000 genomes have been revealed using the automated DNA sequencer, transforming many areas of biology and accelerating the pace of scientific discovery in ways that will profoundly impact research in the coming decades.

The advancement has also led to expressed sequence tagging, which ultimately helped to predict gene function, and the ability to identify genes involved in diseases. Hood's work has also led to a change in how pharmaceutical companies make drugs, and has made an economic impact estimated to be in the hundreds of billions of dollars in the life science and healthcare industries.

Dennis Irwin, dean of the Russ College of Engineering and Technology at Ohio University, notes that the invention of the automated DNA sequencer is unique in the history of the Russ Prize because of its application to forensic science.

"The sequencer has enabled the development of important drugs that are crucial to the realization of personalized medicine and therefore have saved lives. It's also true that many people wrongly accused of crimes have been exonerated and been given back their lives," he said.

Ohio University President Roderick J. McDavis said Fritz and Dolores Russ established a legacy with the Russ Prize.

"The prize is just one way that we can help honor the achievements of extraordinary engineers whose work improves the human condition," he said. "Ohio University is privileged to be a part of the Russ's extraordinary legacy of fostering and honoring life-changing engineering research and advances across the globe."

Hood is the sixth recipient of the biennial Russ Prize, which is modeled after the Nobel Prize. He will receive the award at a ceremony in Washington D.C., on Feb. 22.

About Leroy Hood

With a research interest in genetics, Hood recognized the need for new tools to decipher biological information. Integrating new ideas in chemistry, engineering, and software, he led a team at the California Institute of Technology that developed the sequencer in the 1980s. In 1981, he founded Applied Biosystems, Inc (ABI), an instrument company to commercialize the DNA sequencer and three other instruments developed in the Hood lab. By the late 1980s, ABI had developed a commercial DNA sequencer that could be used in any laboratory.

Prior to automated sequencing, the process of manual sequencing was slow and laborious. It took 30 years, for instance, to sequence the genome of a cold virus. Today, the genome of a virus of the same size can be sequenced in less than an hour.

Hood was an early pioneer in promoting the Human Genome Project and served on a National Academies committee that ultimately made the recommendations that led to the project's start in 1990.

He has won numerous awards in recognition for his work, including the Albert Lasker Award (1987), Kyoto Prize (2002), the LemelsonMIT Prize (2003), and the Heinz Award (2006). He is one of only seven individuals elected to all three membership organizations of the National Academies, the NAE in 2007, the Institute of Medicine in 2003 and the National Academy of Sciences in 1982.

"No single person has done more to create the genomics era than Leroy Hood," said Ed Lazowska, Bill and Melinda Gates Chair in Computer Science at the University of Washington. "Lee is a visionary who integrated science and technology, creating instruments that allow us to tackle some of the most fundamental problems in modern biology and medicine."


'/>"/>

Contact: Colleen Carow
carow@ohio.edu
740-593-1488
Ohio University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UK researchers contribute to sequencing strawberry genome
2. New annotated database sifts through mountains of sequencing data to find gene promoters
3. Scientists and physicians use genetic sequencing to identify and treat unknown disease
4. Your genome in minutes: New technology could slash sequencing time
5. Genome 10K Project announces first 101 species for genome sequencing
6. A new read on DNA sequencing
7. Knome Awards Human Exome Sequencing and Analysis to Biomedical Researchers
8. Scripps research team wins $5.1 million to develop DNA sequencing technology
9. Sequencing of cacao genome will help US chocolate industry, subsistence farmers
10. NHGRI funds development of third generation DNA sequencing technologies
11. Graphene may hold key to speeding up DNA sequencing
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/22/2016)... 2016 On Monday, the Department of Homeland ... share solutions for the Biometric Exit Program. The Request ... Protection (CBP), explains that CBP intends to add biometrics ... the United States , in order to deter ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160622/382209LOGO ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... June 9, 2016  Perkotek an innovation leader in attendance control systems is proud ... work hours, for employers to make sure the right employees are actually signing in, ... ... ... ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... YORK , June 2, 2016   The Weather ... is announcing Watson Ads, an industry-first capability in which consumers ... by being able to ask questions via voice or text ... Marketers have long sought ... the consumer, that can be personal, relevant and valuable; and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016  Blueprint Bio, a company dedicated ... the medical community, has closed its Series A funding ... . "We have received a commitment from ... we need to meet our current goals," stated ... the runway to complete validation on the current projects ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... at the Pennsylvania Convention Center and will showcase its product’s latest features from ... also be presenting a scientific poster on Disrupting Clinical Trials in The Cloud ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO , June 22, 2016  Amgen ... platinum sponsorship of the QB3@953 life sciences ... improve human health. The shared laboratory space at QB3@953 ... startups overcome a key obstacle for many early stage ... As part of the sponsorship, Amgen launched two "Amgen ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... The global biomarkers market has ... The market is expected to grow at a five-year compound annual ... $50.6 billion in 2015 to $96.6 billion in 2020. ... to 2020) are discussed. As well, new products approved in 2013 ...
Breaking Biology Technology: