Navigation Links
DNA methylation involved in Alzheimer's disease
Date:8/17/2014

Boston, MA A new study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Rush University Medical Center, reveals how early changes in brain DNA methylation are involved in Alzheimer's disease. DNA methylation is a biochemical alteration of the building blocks of DNA and is one of the markers that indicate whether the DNA is open and biologically active in a given region of the human genome.

The study is published online August 17, 2014 in Nature Neuroscience.

According to the researchers, this is the first large-scale study employing epigenome-wide association (EWAS) studieswhich look at chromosomal make-up and changesin relation to the brain and Alzheimer's disease.

"Our study approach may help us to better understand the biological impact of environmental risk factors and life experiences on Alzheimer's disease," said Philip L. De Jager, MD, PhD, Program in Translational Neuropsychiatric Genomics, BWH Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, lead study author. "There are certain advantages to studying the epigenome, or the chemical changes that occur in DNA. The epigenome is malleable and may harbor traces of life events that influence disease susceptibility, such as smoking, depression and menopause, which may influence susceptibility to Alzheimer's and other diseases."

The researchers analyzed samples from 708 donated brains from subjects in the Religious Orders Study and Rush Memory and Aging Project, conducted by study co-author, David A. Bennett, MD, Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center in Chicago. They found that methylation levels correlated with Alzheimer's disease in 71 of 415,848 CpG markers analyzed (these are a pair of DNA building blocks consisting of a cytosine and a guanine nucleotide that are located next to each other). These 71 markers were found in the ANK1 and RHBDF2 genes, as well as ABCA7 and BIN1 which harbor known Alzheimer's disease susceptibility variants.

Further, investigation of these CpG associations revealed nearby genes whose RNA expression was altered in brain samples with Alzheimer's disease: ANK1, CDH23, DIP2A, RHBDF2, RPL13, RNF34, SERPINF1 and SERPINF2. This suggests that the CpG associations identify genes whose function is altered in Alzheimer's disease.

Further, "because these findings are also found in the subset of subjects that are not cognitively impaired at the time of death, it appears that these DNA methylation changes may play a role in the onset of Alzheimer's disease," said De Jager. "Moreover, our work has helped identify regions of the human genome that are altered over the life-course in a way that is associated with Alzheimer's disease. This may provide clues to treating the disease by using drugs that influence epigenomic function."


'/>"/>
Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
mmontemayor-quellenberg@partners.org
617-534-6383
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Research from CHORI scientists demonstrates first genome methylation in fruit fly
2. Methylation signaling controls angiogenesis and cancer growth
3. The secret of DNA methylation
4. The first ant methylomes uncover the relationship between DNA methylation and caste differentiation
5. Scientists identify critical new protein complex involved in learning and memory
6. Researchers identify how zinc regulates a key enzyme involved in cell death
7. Penn researchers model a key breaking point involved in traumatic brain injury
8. UT Southwestern neuroscience researchers identify gene involved in response to cocaine
9. Chicago scientist involved in discovery of 4 new mammal species in Democratic Republic of Congo
10. Protein involved in nerve-cell migration implicated in spread of brain cancer
11. CNIO researchers discover a new gene involved in obesity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... , Feb. 3, 2016 ... the addition of the "Emotion Detection ... Machine Learning, and Others), Software Tools (Facial ... Areas, End Users,and Regions - Global forecast ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... Va. , Feb. 2, 2016   ... award from the U.S. Army Research Office and ... the range and sensitivity of the company,s ... Past Accounting Mission and, more generally, defense-related DNA ... DNA phenotyping capabilities (predicting appearance and ancestry from ...
(Date:1/28/2016)... 2016 Synaptics (NASDAQ: SYNA ), a leading developer ... quarter ended December 31, 2015. --> ... 2016 increased 2 percent compared to the comparable quarter last year ... 2016 was $35.0 million, or $0.93 per diluted share. ... the first quarter of fiscal 2016 grew 9 percent over the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016 NX Prenatal ... its proprietary NeXosome® technology for early warning of ... its most recent study by Dr. Thomas ... the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine,s (SMFM) annual meeting ... 1-6 th , 2016.  The presentation reported initial ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 10, 2016  Matchbook, Inc., a company specializing ... biotech companies, announced today the appointment of ... Jim brings nearly 25 years of experience in ... spent nearly two decades in executive level roles ... at Genzyme and, most recently headed global logistics ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... PatientCrossroads announces that ... secure online PatientCrossroads platform, has exceeded both its one-year and overall recruitment goals ... study, which seeks to advance understanding of the hereditary risks for certain kinds ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... With a presidential election in ... Care Business Conference will bring together over 500 top healthcare leaders for a night ... transformation. The conference, organized by MBA students of the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: