Navigation Links
DNA blueprint for healthier and more efficient cows
Date:4/24/2009

Ground breaking findings by an international consortium of scientists who sequenced and analysed the bovine genome, could result in more sustainable food production.

The findings, published in two reports in the journal Science today, will have a profound impact on Australia's livestock industry.

CSIRO scientists were among the 300 researchers from 25 countries involved in the six-year Bovine Genome Sequencing Project designed to sequence, annotate and analyse the genome of a female Hereford cow called L1 Dominette.

The scientists discovered that the bovine genome contains 2,870 billion DNA building blocks, encoding a minimum of 22,000 genes. Of major interest to scientists are the differences in the organisation of the genes involved in lactation, reproduction, digestion and metabolism in cows compared to other mammals.

One of the lead authors of the report on the project's latest findings, CSIRO Livestock Industries researcher Dr Ross Tellam said the bovine genome has about 14,000 genes which are common to all mammals and these constitute the 'engine room' of mammalian biology.

"The team found that cows share about 80 per cent of their genes with humans, also providing us with a better understanding of the human genome," Dr Tellam said.

"One of the surprises in the analysis was that cow and human proteins have more in common than mouse and human proteins, yet it is the mouse that is often used in medical research as a model of human disease conditions."

Dr Tellam said the research provides an insight into the unique biology and evolution of ruminant animals and helps explain why they have been so successful as a species.

One of the major findings was that the cow has significant rearrangements in many of its immune genes and presumably an enhanced natural ability to defend itself from disease.

"This may be an evolutionary response to an increased risk of opportunistic in
'/>"/>

Contact: Lisa Palu
lisa.palu@csiro.au
61-732-142-960
CSIRO Australia
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Predicting risk of stroke from ones genetic blueprint
2. Digital zebrafish embryo provides the first complete developmental blueprint of a vertebrate
3. Does hotter mean healthier?
4. A little wine boosts omega-3 in the body: Researchers find a novel mechanism for a healthier heart
5. Presence of certain antibodies signals healthier teeth and gums
6. Exercise during pregnancy leads to a healthier heart in moms- and babies-to-be
7. U of M finds teens who eat breakfast daily eat healthier diets than those who skip breakfast
8. Alternative food networks connect ethical producers and consumers and can lead to healthier eating
9. Surprise in the organic orchard -- a healthier worm in the apple
10. Cheap and efficient white light LEDs new design described in AIPs Journal of Applied Physics
11. Iowa Power Fund advances researcher’s long quest for efficient solar power
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/11/2014)... Dec. 09, 2014 Research and Markets ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/9ql3kr/biometrics_market ) has announced the addition of the ... offering. One major trend emerging in ... Multimodal biometric systems utilize more than one characteristic of ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... You,ve been here before: you desperately need to sign into your ... the answer to your secret question. What,s your dog,s birthday? Who ... Labs , a digital infrastructure security company, launches the ... comes with usernames, passwords and PINs – 1U TM ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 2014 CIE San Diego has launched an innovative trust ... enhances care coordination among social service and care providers by ... $1 million grant from the Alliance Healthcare Foundation to expand ... recognized as a "Live Well San Diego" partner on December ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biometrics Market in India 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 2Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 3Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 4
... Botanic Gardens, Kew, The University of Western Australia, and the, ... increasing the frequency of fires may lead to ecosystem degradation ... this month in Trends in Plant Science they ... human lives and property are more at risk. However, ...
... [Brown University] Last July, President Obama adopted the recommendations ... policy to better manage the nation,s oceans, coastlines and the ... developing a plan to put the ideas into practice. Two ... social facets of marine management this month at the annual ...
... her search to understand one of the most basic human ... becoming one of the best studied model systems in neuroscience: ... professor of biomedical engineering and mechanical engineering in the McCormick ... the rat whisker system as a model to understand how ...
Cached Biology News:Experts question aspects of prescribed burning 2Brown scientists to discuss best practices for the oceans 2Brown scientists to discuss best practices for the oceans 3What a rat can tell us about touch 2What a rat can tell us about touch 3
(Date:1/23/2015)... , Jan. 23, 2015  Array BioPharma Inc. (NASDAQ: ... a definitive agreement with Novartis Pharma AG to acquire ... in Phase 3 development.  This agreement is conditional on the ... (GSK) on April 22, 2014, which are expected to close ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Shimadzu Scientific Instruments today announces the ... Offering wavelength scanning from 190 to 1,100 nm, ... in a variety of industries, including environmental, food ... enables intuitive operation, while the enhanced validation, maintenance ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015  Transwestern | RBJ today announces the ... office space for Shire a leading biopharmaceutical company, at Two ... | RBJ,s Robert Richards , president, and Brian ... for the entire five-floor building at 95 Hayden Ave. ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Protocol Networks brings independent technology consulting ... brand-neutral, independent consultants, Protocol Networks has recently announced its ... the years, his company has attracted several clients in ... as well as others. With the success of these ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Array Announces Agreement To Acquire ENCORAFENIB (LGX818) 2Array Announces Agreement To Acquire ENCORAFENIB (LGX818) 3Array Announces Agreement To Acquire ENCORAFENIB (LGX818) 4Array Announces Agreement To Acquire ENCORAFENIB (LGX818) 5Array Announces Agreement To Acquire ENCORAFENIB (LGX818) 6Array Announces Agreement To Acquire ENCORAFENIB (LGX818) 7Shimadzu’s New Monitored Single-Beam UV-Vis Spectrophotometer Offers Comprehensive Measurement Options in a Compact Body 2Transwestern?RBJ Advises Shire in 202,000 SF Lease, Creating Boston's Largest Suburban Biotech Campus 2Protocol Networks Brings Independent Technology Consulting to the Constitution State 2
... Biotherapeutics (OTC.BB: NWBO) (NW Bio) today announced that it will ... the Windsor Room of the Sir Francis Drake Hotel as ... emerging biotech companies held over 3 days this week in ... attendees are expected to be listening to presentations by up ...
... Md., Jan. 10, 2012 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- ... pharmaceutical company focused exclusively in the HIV-1 therapeutic ... and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to further ... maturation inhibitor drugs. Maturation inhibitors are a novel ...
... Riverside engineering professor and a team of researchers have ... could play a major role in keeping laptops and ... professor of electrical engineering at the UC Riverside Bourns ... Texas at Austin, The University of Texas at Dallas ...
Cached Biology Technology:NW Bio to Present Today at the OneMedForum SF 2012 Conference 2NW Bio to Present Today at the OneMedForum SF 2012 Conference 3DFH Pharma to Collaborate With National Cancer Institute to Develop Second-Generation HIV Maturation Inhibitor Drugs 2DFH Pharma to Collaborate With National Cancer Institute to Develop Second-Generation HIV Maturation Inhibitor Drugs 3Keeping electronics cool 2Keeping electronics cool 3
... against TATA Binding Proteins (TBP). Ascites Antibody ... and recognizes amino acids 41-57 and may ... of TBP occurs. This antibody does ... either as a nuclear extract or as ...
... sealer ideal for low to medium throughput applications. ... wide range of plates of differing heights when ... the sealer is pre-set for optimal sealing conditions ... in conjunction with ABgenes sealing foil or film ...
... CHEMICON Re-Blot Plus Western Blot Strong Antibody ... antibodies from Western blots that have been ... other isotopes. It is not recommended for ... as it is not possible to effectively ...
This unique buffer provides a gentle method for removal of primary and secondary antibodies to allow several reprobings on the same membrane. Gentle buffer will not alter the antigen for subsequent i...
Biology Products: