(Host University: University of Duisburg-Essen, Spokesperson: Prof. Dr. Thomas Schrader; also participating: Technical University of Eindhoven, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology Dortmund)
The CRC/Transregio "Cardinal Mechanisms of Perception: Prediction, Valuation, Categorisation" intends to examine how the human brain derives higher meaning from sensory input signals. The research interest is thereby primarily oriented to the three principles of prediction, valuation and categorisation. These generate complex internal models of the environment, which are continuously adapted and improved upon in the brain. This makes it possible to predict the future state of the environment and the consequences of actions, evaluate the possible risks and benefits of stimuli and reactions, as well as visualise the endless amount of environmental stimuli in categories. The goal of the centre is to define these mechanisms of perception at the behavioural level, identify their foundations in the brain and mathematically model their function in order to better understand how our senses open up the window to the world for us.
(Host University: University of Giessen, Spokesperson: Prof. Dr. Karl Reiner Gegenfurtner; also participating: University of Marburg)
An excess of high energy food, as we know it in almost every industrialised nation, encourages eating beyond our actual energy needs. This circumstance is considered one of the main causes for a dramatic increase in excess weight and obesity around the world. However, food consumption is not only determined by homoeostatic processes, with which ea
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