The Research Unit "Quantum Computing in Isotopically Engineered Diamond" will be working on diamonds and the quantum properties of their optical centres, which have not been researched extensively to date. Here, the spokespersons Dr. Fedor Jelezko, University of Stuttgart, and Professor Junichi Isoya, Tsukuba, and their working groups in Stuttgart, Dortmund, Garching, Tsukuba and Ibaraki will be advancing the manufacture of storage elements for quantum information. This is a step that is of the same importance to the realisation of quantum computers as is the electrical control of geometrically protected quantum states that are robust against external interference. In this case, researchers from Wrzburg, Regensburg, Tokyo and Sendai in the Research Unit "Topological Electronics" (spokesperson: Professor Laurens W. Molenkamp, University of Wrzburg, and Professor Dr. Seigo Tarucha, Tokyo) aim to provide important contributions.
Two additional collaborations are of similar international consequence: the Research Unit "Kilimanjaro Ecosystems Under Global Change" will include working groups from various German universities and from Berne in Switzerland, examining fundamental questions about the development of ecosystems under changing climatic conditions and land use effects, taking Kilimanjaro in Tanzania as an example. The spokesperson is Professor Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter from the University of Bayreuth. The Berne project will be financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation.
The Research Unit "Determinants of Polarized Growth and Development in Filamentous Fungi" is a German-Mexican collaboration, which is using various fungal model organisms to examine the molecular basis of cell polarity and identify the underlying mechanisms of the directional growth of multicellular organisms. The spokespersons are Professor Reinhard Fischer, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), and Dr. Meritxell Riquelme, Center for
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