Navigation Links
Curry-derived molecules might be too spicy for colorectal cancers

SINGAPORE -- Curcumin, the yellowish component of turmeric that gives curry its flavor, has long been noted for its potential anti-cancer properties. Researchers from Tohoku University in Sendai, Japan, report on an apparent improvement upon nature: two molecular analogues of curcumin that demonstrate even greater tumor suppressive properties. The team presented their findings from the first test of these molecules in a mouse model of colorectal cancer today at the American Association for Cancer Research Centennial Conference on Translational Cancer Medicine.

According to Tohoku University researcher Hiroyuki Shibata, M.D., curcumin is one of the most widely studied plant-based chemicals with anti-cancer properties. Research has associated curcumin with several distinct actions, including the suppression of genes that promote cell growth (for example, the destruction of the pro-cancerous protein catenin), and induction of programmed cell death (apoptosis) in colorectal cancer.

Unfortunately, natural curcumin has what researchers term low bioavailability -- the molecule quickly loses its anti-cancer attributes when ingested, Shibata says. With the aim of improving the therapeutic potential of curcumin, Shibata and his colleagues synthesized and tested 90 variations of the molecules structure. Two, GO-Y030 and GO-Y031, proved to be more potent and bioavailable, than natural curcumin.

Our new analogues have enhanced growth suppressive abilities against colorectal cancer cell lines, up to 30 times greater than natural curcumin, said Shibata, associate professor in the Department of Clinical Oncology at the Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer at Tohoku University. In a mouse model for colorectal cancer, mice fed with five milligrams of GO-Y030 or GO-Y031 fared 42 and 51 percent better, respectively, than did mice in the control group. In 2006, the researchers published basic safety and structural data for GO-Y030 and GO-Y031 in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, and they continue to study the mechanisms behind the molecules apparent potencies. In its natural form, the curcumin molecule is composed of two ring structures linked by a chain of seven carbon atoms. The active ring structures of GO-Y030 and GO-Y031, however, are linked by a shorter, five-carbon chain, which Shibata says might for reasons still under investigation account for their enhanced potency.

Like curcumin, the researchers believe the new analogues have clinical potential that extends beyond colorectal cancer. In addition to colorectal cancer, the catenin-degrading abilities of these molecules could apply to other forms of cancer, such as gastric cancer, said Shibata. Like curcumin, these analogues also down-regulate a number of gene products, such as NF-kappa B, ErbB2, K-ras, that are also implicated in breast, pancreas and lung cancers among other diseases.

In addition to their chemopreventative abilities, these molecules might also form the basis of a potent chemotherapy, either alone or in combination with other modes of therapy, said Shibata.

According to Shibata, the next step for the researchers is to further examine the drug delivery mechanisms, toxicology and pharmacokinetics of these analogues, before extending the research to clinical trials. Their studies were funded by the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science and the Miyagi Health Service Association.

Contact: Staci Vernick Goldberg
American Association for Cancer Research

Related biology news :

1. DNA Molecules Used To Assemble Nanoparticles
2. Inflammatory molecules released by pollen trigger allergies
3. Duke Chemists Isolating Individual Molecules Of Toxic Protein In Alzheimers, Parkinsons Disease
4. Medical molecules designed to respond to visible light that can penetrate tissue
5. Touching Molecules With Your Bare Hands
6. DNA constraints control structure of attached macromolecules
7. Team Invents Device For Weighing Individual Molecules
8. Scientists discover that three molecules may be developed into new Alzheimers drugs
9. Physical and functional interaction of key cell growth molecules linked to cancer
10. Scientists discover new way to look at how molecules twist and turn on water
11. Scientists learn to predict protein-stabilizing ability of small molecules
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/12/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ) has announced ... "Biometrics: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015-2021" ... --> The study is designed to give ... represents a selection from the mountains of data available ... selections made by the most senior analysts. Commentary on ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... Oct. 09 2015 ... of the "Samsung Galaxy S6 Fingerprint ... to their offering. --> ... "Samsung Galaxy S6 Fingerprint Sensor - ... offering. --> Research and Markets ...
(Date:10/7/2015)... 8, 2015 --> ... Cards (FPC) during third quarter 2015 amounted to around 960 ... 860 MSEK that was communicated 20 August 2015. ... delivery capacity and a continued growing demand for the company,s ... to be higher than during the third quarter. The revenue ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... THOUSAND OAKS, Calif. and BRUSSELS ... and UCB (Euronext Brussels: UCB) today presented additional findings from ... trial. 1 The findings were presented today in an ... Mineral Research (ASBMR) 2015 Annual Meeting in Seattle ... 2 --> The small exploratory sub-study ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... 12, 2015 This report covers the global ... type, products, applications, end-user markets and geographic segmentation. Forecasts ... The global cell expansion market generated revenue of roughly ... revenues of $9.7 billion in 2015 and $22.0 billion ... of 17.8% from 2015 to 2020. This report ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... octubre de 2015 El 8 de octubre, ... récord en el congreso con su declaración acerca del ... Plasma Awareness Week (IPAW), que se celebrará del 11 ... la Plasma Protein Therapeutics Association (PPTA) y ... , Aumentar la concienciación mundial acerca de la donación ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... 12, 2015 LabStyle Innovations Corp. ... Solution, today announced its Medical Director, Dr. Moshe ... MobiHealth,s 5th EAI International Conference on Wireless Mobile ... innovations in mobile and wireless technologies," the conference will ... from October 14 - 16, 2015. The conference is ...
Breaking Biology Technology: