Navigation Links
Crop-raiding elephants flee tiger growls
Date:9/11/2013

Wild Asian elephants slink quietly away at the sound of a growling tiger, but trumpet and growl before retreating from leopard growls, researchers at the University of California, Davis, have found. The work, published Sept. 11 in the journal Biology Letters, could help Indian farmers protect their crops from marauding elephants and save the lives of both people and animals.

"We noticed that the elephants were more scared of tigers than of leopards," said Vivek Thuppil, who carried out the work with Richard Coss, professor of psychology at UC Davis, as part of his Ph.D. in animal behavior.

Thuppil and Coss studied the elephants' behavior in an effort to prevent conflicts between human farmers and elephant herds that raid their fields by night. It's the first study of nighttime antipredator behavior in elephants.

Crop raiding by elephants is a serious problem in India, Thuppil said. Farmers use drums, firecrackers and electrified fences to try to keep them out of their crops. About 400 people a year are killed during these encounters, and some hundred elephants are killed through poisoning, electrocution or other means, according to an Indian government report.

The researchers set up equipment to play back leopard or tiger growls triggered when the elephants crossed infrared beams across paths leading to crop fields, and captured the events on video.

Leopards aren't known to prey on elephants, but tigers will sometimes attack a young elephant that becomes separated from the herd.

Although their initial reactions were very different, the elephants ultimately retreated from growls of both cats.

The elephants might be confused by the leopard growl, Thuppil said. A real leopard would most likely retreat from a group of elephants. Still, there's probably no benefit to the elephants in risking an encounter with a leopard, even if it is not a known predator.

"You don't want to mess with something with claws and teeth," Thuppil said.

"They're acting in a very intelligent way," Coss said.

Wild elephant populations are stable or even increasing in forest areas, Thuppil said. While the forest itself is protected, human settlement increasingly has moved into the buffer areas surrounding the forest, which elephants pass through while foraging or visiting different patches of forest.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Elephants are vanishing from DRCs best-run reserve
2. 11,000 elephants slaughtered in national park
3. Relocating elephants fails to decrease human-wildlife conflict
4. Violence in Mali threatening survival of endangered elephants
5. Conservationists to create blueprint for saving Malaysias elephants
6. Airborne technology helps manage elephants
7. Study shows how elephants produce their deep voices
8. The absence of elephants and rhinoceroses reduces biodiversity in tropical forests
9. UF: Newly discovered tiger shark migration pattern might explain attacks near Hawaii
10. Canine distemper virus: An emerging disease in rare Amur tigers
11. Disease not a factor in Tassie Tiger extinction
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/17/2016)... -- Global Market Watch: Primarily supported by ownership ... and Academics) market is to witness a value of US$37.1 ... highest Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10.75% is foreseen ... period 2014-2020. North America is not ... Europe at 9.56% respectively. Report Focus: ...
(Date:11/16/2016)... , Nov. 16, 2016 Sensory ... experience and security for consumer electronics, and ... financial and retail industry, today announced a global ... convenient way to authenticate users of mobile banking ... TrulySecure™ software which requires no specialized ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... their offering. ... The global bioinformatics market ... 6.21 Billion in 2016, growing at a CAGR of 21.1% during ... is driven by the growing demand for nucleic acid and protein ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... CARDIFF, UK (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 ... ... high precision light to control cells — optogenetics — is key to exciting ... state of the art, spatially patterned light projected via free-space optics stimulates small, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , December 8, 2016 ... expanded its customisable SureSeq™ NGS panel range with the launch ... fast and cost-effective study of variants in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). ... variation (CNV) detection on a single small panel and allows ... content. This includes all exons for LDLR , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Frederick, Maryland (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Inc announces the commercial launch of flexible packaging for their exceptionally ... (“SU”) disposable bag system extends RoosterBio’s portfolio of bioprocess media products engineered ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...  Soligenix, Inc. (OTCQB: SNGX) (Soligenix or the ... and commercializing products to treat rare diseases where ... the long-term follow-up data from its Phase 2 ... Defense Regulator (IDR), in the treatment of oral ... undergoing chemoradiation therapy (CRT).  The additional 12-month safety ...
Breaking Biology Technology: