Navigation Links
Crime and punishment: The neurobiological roots of modern justice
Date:4/18/2012

decision-making is purely based on rational thinking, research suggests that much of the motivation for punishing is driven by negative emotional responses to the harm. This signal appears to be generated in the amygdala, causing people to factor in their emotional state when making decisions instead of making solely factual judgments.

Next, the decision-maker must integrate his or her evaluation of the norm-violator's mental state and the amount of harm with the specific set of punishment options. The researchers propose that the medial prefrontal cortex, which is centrally located and has connections to all the other key areas, acts as a hub that brings all this information together and passes it to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), where the final decision is made with the input from another rear-brain area called the intraparietal sulcus, involved in selecting the appropriate punishment response. As such, the DLPFC may be at the apex of the neural hierarchy involved in deciding on the appropriate punishments that should be given to specific norm violations.

The current model focuses on the role of punishment in encouraging large-scale human cooperation, but the researchers recognize that reward and positive reinforcement are also powerful psychological forces that encourage both short-term and long-term cooperation.

Marois adds: "It is somewhat ironic that while punishment, or the threat of punishment, is thought to play a foundational role in the evolution of our large-scale societies, much research in developmental psychology demonstrates the immense power of positive reinforcement in shaping a young individual's behavior." Understanding how both reward and punishment work should therefore provide fundamental insights into the nature of human cooperative behavior. "The ultimate 'pot of gold at the end of the rainbow' here is to promote a criminal justice system that is not only fairer, but also less necessary," said Marois.'/>"/>

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4 5

Related biology news :

1. NC State takes lead in crime scene investigation training
2. £20 million to fight virtual crime and treat our ageing population
3. £20 million to fight virtual crime and treat our aging population
4. VUANCE Announces Crime Scene Security and Evidentiary Tracking Development Project
5. truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children
6. truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children
7. Faster, more cost-effective DNA test for crime scenes, disease diagnosis
8. Innovation could bring super-accurate sensors, crime forensics
9. Organized crime is wiping out wildlife
10. Digging up clues: Research on buried blow flies to help crime scene investigators
11. Fighting crimes against biodiversity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/10/2014)... 2014  Valencell, a leader in performance biometric data ... demand from its licensees for highly accurate, clinically validated ... solely coming from fitness and health sectors, but first ... wearable is only as useful as the biometric data ... driver in long-term mass consumer adoption of wearable products," ...
(Date:12/5/2014)... Dec. 4, 2014 Increased emphasis on ... in new testing and inspection technologies. The convergence ... to a range of innovative test solutions. This ... Generation Y, which is generally more inclined towards ... product development strategies of test equipment vendors will ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... -- According to a new market research ... Access Control, Intrusion Detection, Parking Management, Under Vehicle Inspection), ... Geography - Global Forecasts to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... around $25 Billion in 2014 and is expected to ... of 8.69%. Browse 116 market data Tables ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Wearable Technology Products Demand Highly Accurate Biometric Technology 2Emerging Technologies Enable Smarter Monitoring of Assets, Push Industrial Testing, Inspection and Monitoring Market 2Emerging Technologies Enable Smarter Monitoring of Assets, Push Industrial Testing, Inspection and Monitoring Market 3Emerging Technologies Enable Smarter Monitoring of Assets, Push Industrial Testing, Inspection and Monitoring Market 4Industrial Security Systems Market Worth $38 Billion by 2020 2Industrial Security Systems Market Worth $38 Billion by 2020 3
... A little-known Iranian salamander is poised to become ... protection because of e-commerce a major threat to ... The Kaiser,s spotted newt, found only in Iran, ... fewer than 1,000 mature wild individuals. The amphibian is ...
... from the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (OHRI) and the University ... drugs to treat Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the leading inherited ... and his doctoral student Melissa Bowerman have found that an ... of the disease and blocking this enzyme can greatly increase ...
... , , , , , , , ... , , , ... in the act., ,In this case, electron... , Click here for more ... , , , , , , ...
Cached Biology News:Potential CITES trade ban for rare salamander underscores wildlife e-commerce 2Study opens new avenue for developing treatments for genetic muscle-wasting disease 2Wine vine: Microscopic photography reveals bacteria destroying grape plant cell wall 2Wine vine: Microscopic photography reveals bacteria destroying grape plant cell wall 3Wine vine: Microscopic photography reveals bacteria destroying grape plant cell wall 4
(Date:12/24/2014)... MD (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 ... into law H.R. 83, the Omnibus and Continuing ... first time, made hydrocephalus a condition eligible to ... Programs (CDMRP) administered by the Department of Defense ... with its allies on Capitol Hill, is celebrating ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... The report expects global cell isolation and ... also provides a carefully analyzed data about the vital ... market. , Full Copy of Report @ http://bit.ly/1yUxy0T ... for cell expansion will keep witnessing growth at an ... to be driven by rapid technological advancements, government funding ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... LONDON , December 23, 2014 ... Review Algeria , out today and available for free ... the actors driving change and growth in the sector today. ... has scored notable successes has been in developing a homegrown ... 70 percent local production still remains some way off. A ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... (PRWEB) December 22, 2014 The ... global leader of technical training across the life sciences ... Data Management (SCDM) to provide the organization's members ... programs —providing access to the more than 350 sessions ... members with 10% off when registering for a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Rare Brain Condition Now Eligible for Department of Defense Research Dollars 2The Cell Expansion Market is Expected to Reach $14.8 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2The Cell Expansion Market is Expected to Reach $14.8 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3PharmaBoardroom Releases New Algeria Pharmaceuticals Report 2PharmaBoardroom Releases New Algeria Pharmaceuticals Report 3CfPIE Announces Partnership with the Society for Clinical Data Management 2CfPIE Announces Partnership with the Society for Clinical Data Management 3
... Crosse, Wis. -- Firstlogic Inc. , a ... Corp. approved technology from Firstlogics Information Quality ... ,Oracle Warehouse Builder is a business intelligence integration ... allows users to design their business intelligence application ...
... medial errors, improve patient safety and run a ... to automate the costly processes of data collection, ... 5 percent of healthcare organizations research outcome and ... revenue enhancements and quality of life improvements associated ...
... reducing surgery delays and controlling instrument and staff costs ... trays by using a new surgical instrument management system ... ,Gundersen Lutheran operates a teaching hospital with 325 licensed ... practices, community clinics, eye clinics and pharmacies. It has ...
Cached Biology Technology:Real-Time Data Warehouse Benefits Healthcare Providers 2Real-Time Data Warehouse Benefits Healthcare Providers 3Gunderson Lutheran Implements Instrument Management Systems 2
Microlite 2+ Plate, round bottom; an irradiated, high binding surface with enhanced dynamic range, extra high reflectivity and minimal cross talk for low signal luminescent reactions....
Immulon 4 HBX 1x12 Strip, flat bottom; high binding extra surface with special resin and irradiation, offers maximum protein uptake....
... ultimate tool for both microplate reader ... two editions of SkanIt Software available; ... in life science research, and a ... for compliance with FDA's 21 CFR ...
Chicken polyclonal to UCK2 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Full length protein, corresponding to amino acids 1-261 of Human UCK2 Entrez Gene ID: 7371 Swiss Protein ID: ...
Biology Products: