Navigation Links
Creative Commons 'non-commercial' licenses impede the re-use of biodiversity information

Open access to information about biodiversity is of crucial importance to society, directly affecting areas such as conservation and climate change research and education. "Non-Commercial" restrictions on the reuse of this information are a major barrier to addressing these problems, says a review paper published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

Halting the loss of biodiversity demands that information on organisms, ecosystems, their properties, and their interactions, is easily found and readily available. This requires sharing. Creative Commons (CC) provides a set of licenses to facilitate this. However, Non-Commercial (NC) restrictions are commonly added to Creative Commons licenses, intended to prevent commercial exploitation. The article shows that the ambiguity between "non-for-profit" and "non-commercial" prohibits many legitimate re-uses of NC licensed materials, and imposes significant risks that affect for-profit and not-for-profit organizations alike.

"The concept of 'commercial advantage', the heart of the NC licenses, is very broad and ill defined" says lead author Dr Gregor Hagedorn from the Julius Khn-Institute in Berlin, Germany. "It potentially excludes all public relation activities that increase the recognition of an organisation and may thus confer commercial advantages later on. Furthermore, the non-open NC licenses are usually incompatible with open Creative Commons licenses, severely restricting the use of NC licensed materials."

The review arose from discussions within an EU funded infrastructure project (ViBRANT) that several authors of the article participate in, on how best to license materials produced within the project. To ensure the widest possible use of biodiversity information, the authors of the ZooKeys publication argue that publicly funded projects should use open CC licenses such as CC BY or CC BY-SA. These are used by most Open Access publishers, the Wikimedia Foundation projects, and many other open content initiatives.


Contact: Dr. Gregor Hagedorn
Pensoft Publishers

Related biology news :

1. Genomatix wins "Most Creative Visualization" award at iDEA Challenge 2011
2. APS to adopt Creative Commons licensing, publish open access articles and journals
3. Dr. Harmit Malik receives Vilcek Prize for creative promise in biomedical science
4. Roche licenses DNA sequencing technology from Biodesign Institute
5. UC Riverside licenses leading South African company to market GEM avocados
6. University of Minnesota licenses online tool that facilitates tech transfer operations to startup
7. Dow Agrosciences licenses exclusive novel crop enhancement technology
8. Auxogyn licenses noninvasive embryo assessment technology from Stanford University
9. Brown licenses potential muscular dystrophy treatment to Tivorsan Pharmaceuticals
10. U of M licenses unique plant protection product
11. UC Riverside licenses technology to OlFactor Laboratories, Inc.
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Creative Commons 'non-commercial' licenses impede the re-use of biodiversity information
(Date:11/20/2015)... Connecticut , November 20, 2015 ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce market ... CEO, Gino Pereira , was recently interviewed on ... interview will air on this weekend on Bloomberg ... Latin America . --> NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ...
(Date:11/17/2015)... Paris from 17 th until 19 ... from 17 th until 19 th November 2015. ... invented the first combined scanner in the world which scans ... now two different scanners were required: one for passports and ... the same surface. This innovation is an ideal solution for ...
(Date:11/12/2015)...  A golden retriever that stayed healthy despite having ... provided a new lead for treating this muscle-wasting disorder, ... of MIT and Harvard and the University of São ... Cell, pinpoints a protective gene that boosts ... The Boston Children,s lab of Lou Kunkel , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aeterna Zentaris Inc. ... its business and prospects remain fundamentally strong and ... (zoptarelin doxorubicin) recently received DSMB recommendation to continue ... following review of the final interim efficacy and ... Primary Endpoint in men with heavily pretreated castration- ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015  Asia-Pacific (APAC) holds the third-largest ... market. The trend of outsourcing to low-cost locations ... higher volume share for the region in the ... margins in the CRO industry will improve. ... ( ), finds that the market earned ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Copper is ... it is bound to proteins, copper is also toxic to cells. With a ... Polytechnic Institute (WPI) will conduct a systematic study of copper in the bacteria ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... This fall, global software solutions leader SAP ... states to develop and pitch their BIG ideas to improve health and wellness in ... for votes to win the title of SAP's Teen Innovator, an all-expenses paid trip ...
Breaking Biology Technology: