Navigation Links
Could vitamin D save us from radiation?
Date:11/7/2008

Radiological health expert Daniel Hayes, Ph.D., of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene suggests that a form of vitamin D could be one of our body's main protections against damage from low levels of radiation. Writing in the International Journal of Low Radiation, Hayes explains that calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D, may protect us from background radiation and could be used as a safe protective agent before or after a low-level nuclear incident.

Biologists and pharmacologists who specialize in radiation and health are keen to find an effective agent that could be given by mouth, have few side effects and would protect us against a suspected or impending nuclear event, whether an accident, terrorist attack, or other incident.

In terms of protecting people from the long-term effects of radiation, cancer formation would be the main focus. The ideal agent would act by blocking DNA damage or by halting the progression of damaged cells that might eventually grow into cancers.

While a drug is yet to be found with such ideal radio-protective properties, other researchers have demonstrated that certain dietary supplements have at least some of the desired properties. Hayes argues that vitamin D, and in particular its biologically active form, could be the key ingredient in radiological protection.

"Our general understanding and appreciation of the multifaceted protective actions of vitamin D have recently entered a new era," says Hayes, "It is now becoming recognized that its most active molecular form, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, may offer protection against a variety of radiation- and otherwise-induced damages."

Hayes has reviewed the various biochemical mechanisms by which vitamin D protects users_ from the low levels of natural radiation released by the rocks on which we stand and the skies above us. He points out that calcitriol is involved in cell cycle regulation and control of proliferation, cellular differentiation and communication between cells, as well as programmed cell death (apoptosis and autophagy) and antiangiogenesis.

Calcitriol is the form of vitamin D that activates the body's Vitamin D Receptor (VDR), which allows gene transcription to take place and the activation of the innate immune response.

It is possible that several of the transcribed by the VDR will help transcribe proteins that protect the body against radiation.

"Vitamin D by its preventive/ameliorating actions should be given serious consideration as a protective agent against sublethal radiation injury, and in particular that induced by low-level radiation," concludes Hayes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Daniel Hayes
dhayes@health.nyc.gov
Inderscience Publishers
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Mitochondria could be a target for therapeutic strategy for Alzheimers disease patients
2. New hybrid plants could prompt more prodigious pepper production in Southwest
3. Sibling study could lead to better treatments for inherited form of colon cancer
4. Could Dr. House be replaced by a computer?
5. Sensitive laser instrument could aid search for life on Mars
6. Herbicide-resistant grape could revitalize Midwest wine industry
7. Researchers design artificial cells that could power medical implants
8. Discovery of natural compounds that could slow blood vessel growth
9. So-called sandfish could help materials handling and process technology specialists
10. UNC study on properties of carbon nanotubes, water could have wide-ranging implications
11. Nanodiamond drug device could transform cancer treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016  BioMEMS devices deployed in ... on medical screening and diagnostic applications, such ... devices that facilitate and assure continuous monitoring ... are being bolstered through new opportunities offered ... acquisition coupled with wireless connectivity and low ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Technology Enhancements Accelerate Growth of X-ray ... the digital and computed radiography markets in ... Indonesia (TIM). It provides an ... as well as regional market drivers and restraints. The ... penetration and market attractiveness, both for digital and computed ...
(Date:2/1/2016)... -- Rising sales of consumer electronics coupled ... gesture control market size through ... electronics coupled with new technological advancements to drive global ... through 2020   --> Rising ... to drive global touchfree intuitive gesture control market ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016   BioInformant announces the February 2016 ... Products, Opportunities, Tools, and Technologies – Market Size, Segments, ... The first and only ... industry, BioInformant has more than a decade of historical ... by stem cell type. This powerful 175 page global ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... , ... Global Stem Cells Group, a world ... Cells Network (GSCN) to distribute exosome injection and other biological products to stem ... Dominican Republic, Colombia, Argentina, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Paraguay, Puerto ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ), a leader in renewable ... Ltd., its partner in the Sarnia ... CDN$25 million in the joint venture for 10% of ...  Mitsui will also play a stronger role in the ... , providing dedicated resources alongside BioAmber,s commercial team. ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016  The Maryland House of ... has announced that University of Maryland School of Medicine ... and University of Maryland Medical System President and CEO ... "Speaker,s Medallion," the highest honor given to the public ... Dean Reece and Mr. Chrencik for ...
Breaking Biology Technology: