Tampa, Fla. (Dec. 22, 2010) In three monthly injections, researchers transplanted neurally-committed, autologous cord blood derived cells tagged with iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) into the lateral cerebral ventricle of a 16-month old child with severe global hypoxic ischemic brain injury. The study, published in the current issue of Cell Medicine 1(2) and now freely available online at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/cog/cm
found through MRI tracking that the primary injected and tagged cells persisted in that brain hemisphere for more than four months. By six months, the severely impaired child showed some slight improvement over a former vegetative state.
"Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy remains one of the most devastating conditions in children, resulting in brain atrophy and persistent functional neurological impairment," said Dr. Krystyna Domanska-Janik, corresponding author.
According to Dr. Domanska-Janik, they transplanted cord blood neural cells by repeated injection into lateral cerebral ventricle as the method appeared to be superior to intravascular injections because there would be a more "local modulating outcome."
"The capacity of cells to home to damaged sites in the central nervous system is crucial," said Dr. Domanska-Janik. "Our study found that transplantation of patient self-donor (autologous), neurally-committed cord blood cells is feasible, well tolerated, and safe."
Once more, the transplanted cells were easily assessed by MRI for four months.
"Despite signs of neurological improvement noticed by the parents and neurologists after cell transplantation, this one case does not allow us to predict the true efficacy of such a treatment and further studies are needed," she added.
The research team did suggest that six months post-transplantation, the child's diagnosis of a 'vegetative state' was no longer
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Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair