Navigation Links
Connection between light at night (LAN) and cancer revealed in additional study
Date:9/2/2010

A new study from the Center for Interdisciplinary Chronobiological Research at the University of Haifa has found an additional link between Light At Night (LAN) and cancer. This research joins a series of earlier studies carried out at the University of Haifa that also established the correlation. "High power light bulbs contribute more to 'environmental light pollution', which the study has shown is a carcinogenic pollution," notes Prof. Abraham Haim, who headed the study.

Earlier studies in which Prof. Haim has participated at the University of Haifa, have shown that people living in areas that have more night-time illumination are more susceptible to prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women. The researchers' hypothesis was that LAN harms production of melatonin, a hormone that is released from the pineal gland during the dark part of the 24h cycle and which is linked to the body's cyclical night-day activity and seasonality. When this hormone is suppressed, the occurrence of cancer rises.

The current study, in which Dr. Fuad Fares and Adina Yokler, Orna Harel and Hagit Schwimmer also participated, set out to establish or refute this hypothesis. In order to do so, four groups of lab mice injected with cancerous cells were examined: one group was exposed to "long days" of 16 hours of light and 8 hours of darkness, simulating exposure to artificial light beyond the natural number of light hours in a day; a second group was exposed to the same "long days" but were treated with melatonin; a third group was exposed to "short days" of 8 light hours and 16 dark hours; and a fourth group was exposed to the same "short days" but during the dark hours was exposed to a half-hour interval of light.

The results show once again the clear link between LAN and cancer: the cancerous growths in mice exposed to "short days" were smallest (0.85 cubic cm. average), while those mice exposed to the interval of LAN during dark hours had larger growths (1.84 cubic cm. average) and those exposed to "long days" even larger growths (5.92 cubic cm. average).

The study also discovered that suppression of melatonin definitely influences development of the tumor. The size of tumor in mice exposed to "long days" but treated with melatonin was only 0.62 cubic cm. on average, which is not much different from the size of the growth in mice exposed to "short days". The study also found that the death rate in mice treated with melatonin was significantly lower than in those not treated.

The researchers say that their study results show that suppression of melatonin due to exposure to LAN is linked to the worrying rise in the number of cancer patients over the past few years. However, it is not yet clear what mechanism causes this.

"Exposure to LAN disrupts our biological clock and affects the cyclical rhythm that has developed over hundreds of millions of evolutionary years that were devoid of LAN. Light pollution as an environmental problem is gaining awareness around the world, and the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has already classified working the night shift as a higher grade of cancer risk," the researchers noted.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rachel Feldman
rfeldman@univ.haifa.ac.il
972-482-88722
University of Haifa
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Human connection to our nations fisheries comes alive through oral history project
2. Study helps explain connection between sleep apnea, stroke and death
3. Researchers shed new light on connection between brain and loneliness
4. Calculating gene and protein connections in a Parkinsons disease model
5. Ten genes identified in connection with sudden cardiac death
6. MU study finds connection between evolution, classroom learning
7. Ben-Gurion U. researchers reveal connection between cancer and human evolution
8. The food-energy cellular connection revealed
9. Lifelong memories linked to stable nerve connections
10. Impaired brain connections traced to schizophrenia mutation
11. Brain connections for stress -- lessons from the worm
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/20/2016)... , May 20, 2016  VoiceIt is ... partnership with VoicePass. By working together, ... experience.  Because VoiceIt and VoicePass take slightly different ... engines increases both security and usability. ... excitement about this new partnership. "This ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... BANGALORE, India , April 28, 2016 ... of Infosys (NYSE: INFY ), and Samsung SDS, ... partnership that will provide end customers with a more ... payment services.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130122/589162 ) ... financial services, but it also plays a fundamental part in ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... CHICAGO , April 15, 2016  A ... companies make more accurate underwriting decisions in a ... offering timely, competitively priced and high-value life insurance ... health screenings. With Force Diagnostics, rapid ... and lifestyle data readings (blood pressure, weight, pulse, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... Cubresa Inc. , ... that their compact PET scanner called NuPET™ for simultaneous preclinical PET ... University of Arizona (UA). , PET and MRI are complementary imaging methods for ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... NeuMedics Inc. is pleased to announce that ... Innovation Northwest on June 2, 2016. The session begins at 1:10 PM and Iain ... can be successfully used as a topical agent and a treatment for ophthalmic complications ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... PBI-Gordon Corporation is pleased to announce Dave Loecke has ... 15-year career with PBI-Gordon, Dave has served in a wide variety of roles. His ... development and launch of many of PBI-Gordon’s most successful products. , “Dave has been ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ISELIN, New Jersey and ... 2016 Indegene ( ... kommerziellen und marketingorientierten Lösungen für die Life-Science-Branche, ... ), ein bekannter weltweiter Anbieter von innovativen ... im Zuge des Starts von IntraScience heute ...
Breaking Biology Technology: