Navigation Links
Computers can predict effects of HIV policies
Date:7/27/2012

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] Policymakers struggling to stop the spread of HIV grapple with "what if" questions on the scale of millions of people and decades of time. They need a way to predict the impact of many potential interventions, alone or in combination. In two papers to be presented at the 2012 International AIDS Society Conference in Washington, D.C., Brandon Marshall, assistant professor of epidemiology at Brown University, will unveil a computer program calibrated to model accurately the spread of HIV in New York City over a decade and to make specific predictions about the future of the epidemic under various intervention scenarios.

"It reflects what's seen in the real world," said Marshall. "What we're trying to do is identify the ideal combination of interventions to reduce HIV most dramatically in injection drug users."

In an analysis that he'll present at 11 a.m. in Session Room 6 on Friday, July 27, Marshall projects that with no change in New York City's current programs, the infection rate among injection drug users will be 2.1 per 1,000 in 2040. Expanding HIV testing would drop the rate only 12 percent to 1.9 per 1,000; increasing drug treatment would reduce the rate 26 percent to 1.6 per 1,000; providing earlier delivery of antiretroviral therapy and better adherence would drop the rate 45 percent to 1.2 per 1,000; and expanding needle exchange programs would reduce the rate 34 percent to 1.4 per 1,000. Most importantly, doing all four of those things would cut the rate by more than 60 percent, to 0.8 per 1,000.

"These results show that a comprehensive set of proven interventions must be scaled up immediately if we are to substantially reduce the spread of HIV among drug users," Marshall said.

Virtual reality, real choices

The model is unique in that it creates a virtual reality of 150,000 "agents," a programming term for simulated individuals, who in the case of the model, e
'/>"/>

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. 2 NASA visualizations selected for computers graphics showcase
2. New biomarker for common lung cancer predicts responses to chemotherapy
3. NIH funds development of tissue chips to help predict drug safety
4. VTT and GE Healthcare developing novel biomarkers to predict Alzheimers disease
5. U-M forecasters predict second-smallest Gulf of Mexico dead zone
6. NOAA: Gulf of Mexico dead zone predictions feature uncertainty
7. Child welfare investigation predicts mental health problems in young children
8. Study predicts imminent irreversible planetary collapse
9. Stanford researchers help predict the oceans of the future with a mini-lab
10. Math predicts size of clot-forming cells
11. Study finds voter genetics may predict election outcomes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Computers can predict effects of HIV policies
(Date:12/3/2014)... , Dec. 2, 2014   Marvin ... deployed, innovative test solutions for military, aerospace, and ... version of its successful TS-900 PXI semiconductor ... and features of high-end systems to customers at ... value compared to traditional ATE. ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... -- Earlier this year Donald Spector , Chairman of ... the most prolific inventors in the world, got a ... to third party agencies. Spector envisioned this technology even ... earliest known patents in this area. Now major technology ... care, elder care and hospital applications. This technology has ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... JOSE, Calif. , Nov. 20, 2014   ... global leader in microcontroller (MCU) and touch technology solutions, ... digital temperature sensors with the widest V cc ... delivers higher temperature accuracy and faster I 2 C ... registers and serial EEPROM memory making them ideal for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 2Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 3Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 2Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 3Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 4Atmel Launches Industry's First Wide-V(cc) Low-Power Temperature Sensor Family 2Atmel Launches Industry's First Wide-V(cc) Low-Power Temperature Sensor Family 3Atmel Launches Industry's First Wide-V(cc) Low-Power Temperature Sensor Family 4
... University researchers discover that green tea leaves not only ... tea, but they make an excellent antibacterial coating, too. ... and cacao beans, they found. It,s the powerful and ... are naturally occurring molecules found in plants whose functions ...
... features of humanity is our capacity for empathy the ... of Virginia study strongly suggests that we are hardwired to ... us friends, spouses, lovers with our very selves., ... Coan, a psychology professor in U.Va.,s College of Arts & ...
... the journal Biodiversity Conservation , the researchers also ... for promoting low-profile species that are either endangered or ... is limited to social, intelligent animals, such as chimpanzees, ... would imply that other species are not worthy of ...
Cached Biology News:Sticking power of plant polyphenols used in new coatings 2Sticking power of plant polyphenols used in new coatings 3Human brains are hardwired for empathy, friendship, study shows 2Relating animals to humans could help conservation projects 2
(Date:12/24/2014)... 2014 SoundConnect’s ... to introduce cutting edge communication technology, provide ... of platform upgrades. This webinar series demonstrates ... in their quest to leverage web conferencing’s ... to SoundConnect’s Marketing Manager, Seanna Baumgartner, “Our ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 2014 The report provides ... its definition, classification, application and industry overview. ... process, and product cost structure. Production is ... analysis also covers upstream raw materials, equipment, ... trend and proposals. In the end, the ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 2014 Pipette.com announces their Holiday ... can submit their #HolidayInTheLab pictures for a chance to ... , For those struggling to think of a holiday ... in the Lab Contest provides the ideal holiday presents. ... to send pictures of their chemistree, holiday sweaters, as ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 2014 PharmaBoardroom,s new report, ... and available for free download , digs deep into ... growth in the sector today. One area where ... been in developing a homegrown pharmaceutical manufacturing base, even if ... remains some way off. A cursory comparison with neighboring ...
Breaking Biology Technology:SoundConnect Launches Leading Edge Business Communications Webinar Series 2SoundConnect Launches Leading Edge Business Communications Webinar Series 3Worldwide Methyl Mercaptan Market 2015-2020 Forecasts on Development & Trends Now Available at ReportsnReports.com 2Major Pipette Distributor Pipette.com Announces their Holiday in the Lab Contest 2PharmaBoardroom Releases New Algeria Pharmaceuticals Report 2PharmaBoardroom Releases New Algeria Pharmaceuticals Report 3
... Sciences, Inc. announced today that it has become an ... to Life Care Centers of America (LCCA). ... improves quality of life by accelerating the healing process ...   Ease of use, portability, safety and ...
... NES-ZIONA, Israel, Sept. 27 ... ... var ... by longUrl, so we need to grab the first one. for (var r in data.results) { first_result ...
... SYDNEY, Sept. 27 Clinical Genomics Pty. Ltd ... Research (Sydney, Australia) today announced that they have ... novel biomarkers discovered by scientists at the Garvan ... Genomics obtains worldwide exclusive rights to the Garvan,s ...
Cached Biology Technology:ReGear Life Sciences Partners with Life Care Centers of America 2PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 2PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 3PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 4PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 5PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 6PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 7PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 8PROLOR Biotech's Longer-Acting Human Growth Hormone Data Selected for Presentation at 5th International Congress Of The Growth Hormone Research Society and IGF Society 9Clinical Genomics Pty Ltd and The Garvan Institute of Medical Research Enter into Licensing Agreement 2
Mycoplasma and virus tested...
Mycoplasma and virus tested...
... MagicMark and MagicMark XP Western Protein ... and convenient protein molecular weight estimation ... protein contains an IgG binding site, ... antibody-conjugate reagents used to detect your ...
Edited by Benjamin Lewin (1997) • This book gives an integrated account of the structure and function of genes in both prokaryotic organisms and is thoroughly up to date with the latest thinking...
Biology Products: