Navigation Links
Computer savvy canines
Date:11/28/2007

Like us, our canine friends are able to form abstract concepts. Friederike Range and colleagues from the University of Vienna in Austria have shown for the first time that dogs can classify complex color photographs and place them into categories in the same way that humans do. And the dogs successfully demonstrate their learning through the use of computer automated touch-screens, eliminating potential human influence. The study (1) has just been published online in Animal Cognition, a Springer publication.

In order to test whether dogs can visually categorize pictures, and transfer their knowledge to new situations, four dogs were shown landscape and dog photographs, and expected to make a selection on a computer touch-screen.

In the training phase, the dogs were shown both the landscape and dog photographs simultaneously and were rewarded with a food pellet if they selected the dog picture (positive stimulus). The dogs then took part in two tests.

In the first test, the dogs were shown completely different dog and landscape pictures. They continued to reliably select the dog photographs, demonstrating that they could transfer their knowledge gained in the training phase to a new set of visual stimuli, even though they had never seen those particular pictures before.

In the second test, the dogs were shown new dog pictures pasted onto the landscape pictures used in the training phase, facing them with contradictory information: on the one hand, a new positive stimulus as the pictures contained dogs even though they were new dogs; on the other hand, a familiar negative stimulus in the form of the landscape. When the dogs were faced with a choice between the new dog on the familiar landscape and a completely new landscape with no dog, they reliably selected the option with the dog. These results show that the dogs were able to form a concept i.e. dog, although the experiment cannot tell us whether they recognized the dog pictures as actual dogs.

The authors also draw some conclusions on the strength of their methodology: Using touch-screen computers with dogs opens up a whole world of possibilities on how to test the cognitive abilities of dogs by basically completely controlling any influence from the owner or experimenter. They add that the method can also be used to test a range of learning strategies and has the potential to allow researchers to compare the cognitive abilities of different species using a single method.


'/>"/>

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Primate behavior explained by computer agents
2. Computer program traces ancestry using anonymous DNA samples
3. A computer for your mouse!
4. New approach builds better proteins inside a computer
5. Computer solution to delivery problem
6. MSU researcher helps develop computer game for Ugandan children recovering from cerebral malaria
7. Improving detection of nuclear smuggling goal of computer model of mechanical engineer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016 Worldcore is ... innovation for clients, comfort and unbeatable security, with ... --> Worldcore is the first EU-regulated ... comfort and unbeatable security, with a Voice Biometrics ... Worldcore is the first EU-regulated global payment ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... India , February 3, 2016 ... the new market research report "Automated Fingerprint Identification System ... Search, Latent Search), Application (Banking & Finance, Government, Healthcare, ... published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be ... CAGR of 21.0% between 2015 and 2020. The transformation ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 ... of the bioinformatic market by reviewing the recent ... enabled tools that drive the field forward. Includes ... to: Identify the challenges and opportunities that ... providers and software solution developers, as well as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... testing services, announced today the launch of its revamped and improved website. In ... language service solutions, the redesigned website will better communicate how the company designs ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... The publishing industry has ... publishing is one of the popular publication models that has received wider acknowledgement ... and 3000+ International Conferences across the globe, OMICS International is all ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... and LONDON , February 9, ... leading bio tech replace paper and protect ... web-based electronic laboratory notebook (ELN) will be rolled out in ... paper-based research and development (R&D) and protect valuable IP. Users ... and follow a specific researcher or experiment as part of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BIOREM Inc. (TSXV: BRM) ("Biorem" ... ten finalists for clean technology companies in the TSX Venture ... 10 companies listed on the TSX Venture Exchange, in each ... clean technology & life sciences, diversified industries and ... given to return on investment, market cap growth, trading volume ...
Breaking Biology Technology: