Navigation Links
Competition breeds new fish species, study finds
Date:2/28/2014

Competition may play an important role during the evolution of new species, but empirical evidence for this is scarce, despite being implicit in Charles Darwin's work and support from theoretical studies.

Dr Martin Genner from Bristol's School of Biological Sciences and colleagues used population genetics and experimental evidence to demonstrate a role for competition that leads to the differentiation of new species within the highly diverse cichlid fishes of Lake Tanganyika in East Africa.

They found that the cichlid fish Telmatochromis temporalis shows two genetically distinct ecomorphs (local varieties of a species whose appearance is determined by its ecological environment), that strongly differ in body size and the habitat in which they live.

Dr Genner said: "We found large-sized individuals living along the rocky shoreline of Lake Tanganyika and, in the vicinity of these shores, we found small-sized individuals, roughly half the size of the large ones, that live and breed in accumulations of empty snail shells found on sand."

According to the study, the bigger fish outcompete the smaller ones, driving them away from the preferred rocky habitats and into the neighbouring sand, where the smaller fish find shelter for themselves and their eggs in empty snail shells.

"In effect, big and small fish use different habitats; and because of this habitat segregation, fish usually mate with individuals of similar size. There is virtually no genetic exchange between the large- and small-bodied ectomorphs," Dr Genner commented.

Speciation occurs when genetic differences between groups of individuals accumulate over time. In the case of Telmatochromis there are no obvious obstacles to the movement and interaction of individuals. But, the non-random mating between large- and small-bodied fish sets the stage for the evolutionary play.

Dr Genner said: "The relevance of our work is that it provides experimental evidence that competition for space drives differential mating in cichlid fish and, in time, leads to the formation of new species. Nature has its ways from body size differences to the formation of new species. And clearly, size does matters for Telmatochromis and for fish diversity."


'/>"/>
Contact: Hannah Johnson
hannah.johnson@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-8896
University of Bristol
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Menopause evolved to prevent competition between in-laws
2. Winners named in 2012 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Award Competition
3. An international competition reaffirms the potential of bioinformatics in the diagnosis of disease
4. Veniam is the winner of the major Portuguese Venture Competition Builidng Global Innovators
5. Male testosterone levels increase when victorious in competition against rivals, but not friends
6. FASEB announces BioArt image and video competition winners
7. Testosterone promotes reciprocity in the absence of competition
8. iGEM competition: First runner up to world champion for Bielefeld
9. Winners named in 2013 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards competition
10. NERC announces the winner of its first photo and essay competition
11. AIBS announces winners of Faces of Biology photo competition
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... Feb. 3, 2016 Vigilant Solutions announces today ... in Missouri solved two recent ... (LPR) data from Vigilant Solutions. Brian Wenberg ... which the victim was walking out of a convenience store and witnessed an ... to his vehicle, striking his vehicle and leaving the ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... NEW YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... analysis of the bioinformatic market by reviewing the ... computer enabled tools that drive the field forward. ... report to: Identify the challenges and opportunities ... service providers and software solution developers, as well ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... Va. , Feb. 2, 2016   ... award from the U.S. Army Research Office and ... the range and sensitivity of the company,s ... Past Accounting Mission and, more generally, defense-related DNA ... DNA phenotyping capabilities (predicting appearance and ancestry from ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group, a ... Stem Cells Network (GSCN) to distribute exosome injection and other biological products to ... Rica, Dominican Republic, Colombia, Argentina, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Paraguay, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... MONTREAL , Febr. 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. ... is pleased to announce that Mitsui & Co. Ltd., ... bio-based succinic acid plant, is investing an additional CDN$25 ... equity, increasing its stake from 30% to 40%.  Mitsui ... of bio-succinic acid produced in Sarnia ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016  The Maryland House of Delegates and House ... University of Maryland School of Medicine Dean E. ... Maryland Medical System President and CEO Robert Chrencik ... highest honor given to the public by the leader ... Reece and Mr. Chrencik for their contributions to ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016 ASAE is introducing a hybrid membership ... (AMC) the option of joining or renewing through an ... by staff size, every employee in any size association ... reap all available member benefits.   John ... membership options will allow organizations of any size and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: