Navigation Links
Common autism supplement affects endocrine system
Date:7/15/2013

Plant-based diets are healthy. Plants are high in flavonoids. So flavonoids are healthy. At least that's the reasoning of many manufacturers of flavonoid-based nutritional supplements. But a University of Colorado Cancer Center study published this week in the journal Hormones & Cancer shows that may not be the case. Flavonoids tested in the study affected the endocrine system in ways that in one case promoted cancer and in another repressed it.

"Even outside these specific findings with cancer, what we're saying is that flavonoids are active and not always in good or even predictable ways," says Steven K. Nordeen, PhD, investigator at the CU Cancer Center and professor emeritus in the Department of Pathology at the CU School of Medicine.

His study explored the effects of the flavonoids luteolin and quercetin on cell models of breast and endometrial cancer. In over-the-counter supplement form, the first compound, luteolin, is commonly recommended for the treatment of pediatric autism spectrum disorders.

Nordeen and colleagues show that luteolin blocks some of the endocrine effects of the hormone progesterone. Work from another CU Cancer Center investigator, Carol Sartorius, PhD, had previously shown that progesterone expands a population of therapy-resistant, stem cell-like cells in some breast cancers. In the present work, Nordeen showed that luteolin blocked this increase a beneficial effect. But then in an endometrial cancer cell model, luteolin had two deleterious effects. First, it acted like estrogen to directly stimulate cancer cell growth and second, by again blocking progesterone's action, luteolin disabled the brake that progesterone puts on estrogen-dependent endometrial cancer growth.

What helps in breast cancer hurts in endometrial cancer. But Nordeen says the most important issue is the simple fact that these flavonoids are active and we don't yet know how the body responds to the blood levels of flavonoids reached when taking supplements.

In the case of luteolin supplements for autism/spectrum, "You're giving prepubescent kids a supplement that affects the endocrine system and that's dangerous," Nordeen says.

He points out that "nutraceuticals" which include flavonoid and other active-ingredient supplements aren't FDA regulated to the degree that are medicines. This allows manufacturers to market supplements without fully testing nutraceutical products for efficacy or potential side effects.

"I'm not saying that flavonoids in a normal, plant-rich diet are bad," Nordeen says, "but caution is warranted when consuming additional flavonoids via supplements.

Detrimental effects of flavonoids are not without precedent. A diet of red clover can affect development and reproduction in livestock. And the New England Journal of Medicine documented breast development in prepubescent boys that was linked to the use of shampoos and balms containing lavender or tea tree oils containing flavonoids.

"Because flavonoid supplements are widely used, we need to do the research necessary to understand their effects, both desirable and undesirable, in consumers using these products. We shouldn't be taking this stuff blindly because, just like prescription medicines, there can be unanticipated consequences," Nordeen says.


'/>"/>

Contact: Garth Sundem
garth.sundem@ucdenver.edu
University of Colorado Denver
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Commonly used herbicides seen as threat to endangered butterflies
2. Common North American frog identified as carrier of deadly amphibian disease
3. Researchers uncover molecular pathway through which common yeast becomes fungal pathogen
4. New research about facial recognition turns common wisdom on its head
5. Commonly used diabetes drug may help to prevent primary liver cancer
6. Loyola study debunks common myth that urine is sterile
7. Dental X-rays linked to common brain tumor
8. Women & Infants participating in study of treatment of common viral infection in pregnancy
9. Clusters of cooperating tumor-suppressor genes are found in large regions deleted in common cancers
10. Modest alcohol intake associated with less inflammation in patients with common liver disease
11. Sulphur and iron compounds common in old shipwrecks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... First quarter 2016:   , Revenues amounted ... quarter of 2015 The gross margin was 49% (27) ... the operating margin was 40% (-13) Earnings per share ... operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , Outlook   ... M. The operating margin for 2016 is estimated to ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... 2016  A new partnership announced today will ... decisions in a fraction of the time it ... high-value life insurance policies to consumers without requiring ... Force Diagnostics, rapid testing (A1C, Cotinine and HIV) ... pressure, weight, pulse, BMI, and activity data) available ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... 31, 2016   ... the "Company") LegacyXChange is excited to release ... soon to be launched online site for trading 100% ... ) will also provide potential shareholders a sense of ... to an industry that is notorious for fraud. The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... HOUSTON , June 23, 2016 ... agreement with the Cy-Fair Sports Association to serve ... of the agreement, Houston Methodist Willowbrook will provide ... education and connectivity with association coaches, volunteers, athletes ... partner with the Cy-Fair Sports Association and to ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... FRANCISCO , June 23, 2016   EpiBiome ... has secured $1 million in debt financing from Silicon ... ramp up automation and to advance its drug development ... its new facility. "SVB has been an ... beyond the services a traditional bank would provide," said ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Apellis Pharmaceuticals, ... 1 clinical trials of its complement C3 inhibitor, ... and multiple ascending dose studies designed to assess ... of subcutaneous injection in healthy adult volunteers. ... either as a single dose (ranging from 45 ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... exhibiting at the Pennsylvania Convention Center and will showcase its product’s latest features ... will also be presenting a scientific poster on Disrupting Clinical Trials in The ...
Breaking Biology Technology: