Navigation Links
Commands from the matrix
Date:5/6/2013

Environment moulds behaviour - and not just that of people in society, but also at the microscopic level. This is because, for their function, neurons are dependent on the cell environment, the so-termed extracellular matrix. Researchers at the Ruhr-Universitt have found evidence that this complex network of molecules controls the formation and activity of the neuronal connections. The team led by Dr. Maren Geiler und Prof. Andreas Faissner from the Department of Cell Morphology and Molecular Neurobiology reports in the "Journal of Neuroscience" in collaboration with the team of Dr. Ainhara Aguado, Prof. Christian Wetzel and Prof. Hanns Hatt from the Department of Cell Physiology.

Neurons and astrocytes in culture

In cooperation with Prof. Uwe Rauch from Lund University in Sweden, Bochum's biologists examined cells from the brains of two mouse species: a species with a normal extracellular matrix and a species which lacked four components of the extracellular matrix due to genetic manipulation, namely the molecules tenascin-C, tenascin-R, neurocan and brevican. They took the cells from the hippocampus, a brain structure that is crucial for the long-term memory. The team not only examined neurons but also astrocytes, which are in close contact with the neurons, support their function and secrete molecules for the extracellular matrix.

Formation, stability and activity of the neuronal connections depend on the matrix

The researchers cultivated the neurons and astrocytes together for four weeks with a specially developed culture strategy. Among other things, they observed how many connections, known as synapses, the neurons formed with each other and how stable these were over time. If either the astrocytes or the neurons in the culture dish derived from animals with a reduced extracellular matrix, these synapses proved to be less stable in the medium term, and their number was significantly reduced. Toget
'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Andreas Faissner
Andreas.Faissner@rub.de
49-234-322-8851
Ruhr-University Bochum
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Making sense out of the biological matrix of bipolar disorder
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/28/2014)... MD FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research ... for the American College of Sports Medicine,s Conference ... 2014 in Miami, Florida. These awards are ... doctorates and scientists from underrepresented groups into the ... encourage the participation of young scientists at the ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... PA, August 28, 2014 Dyslexia, the most ... is a neurological reading disability that occurs when ... language don,t function normally. , The use of ... brain activity is disrupted in dyslexia. However, most ... number of brain regions, leaving a gap in ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... and mould in homes could pose a significant health risk ... in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology . ... eight different countries, the research has found that the presence ... in asthma sufferers, as well as increasing the likelihood of ... a team at the University of Exeter Medical School and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Dyslexic readers have disrupted network connections in the brain 2Indoor mold poses health risk to asthma sufferers 2
... HOUSTON -- (Aug. 16, 2010) -- A new ... and other human activity has completely obscured the natural ... "The natural factors that influence carbon dioxide cycling ... the radiocarbon signature of the river to reflect those ...
... of some of the most repugnant smells on earth, but ... has a sense of smell of its own. A team ... first time that bacteria have a molecular "nose" that is ... today in Biotechnology Journal , their study shows how ...
... infrared laser can make a heart beat faster. Scientists ... pulsed light can pace contractions in an avian embryonic heart, ... pacing of the embryonic heart," will be published in the ... 15, 2010. According to the scientists, this non-invasive device ...
Cached Biology News:A river flipped: Humans trump nature on Texas river 2A river flipped: Humans trump nature on Texas river 3Bacteria breakthrough is heaven scent 2A heart beats to a different drummer 2
(Date:8/28/2014)... Best Sanitizers, Inc., a leader in hand ... is asking industry professionals to prepare for fall harvest ... soap they’re currently using to the Best Sanitizers’ ... hygiene is critical to fighting cross-contamination and the spread ... criteria are identified to evaluate the effectiveness of an ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... Ind. A new research platform uses ... of tiny structures undergoing stress and heating, ... improve designs for microelectronics and batteries., This ... information about how heating and the surface ... properties. Researchers have discussed the merits of ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... Willow Grove, PA (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 ... talent, and create a culture that will allow individuals ... that are becoming increasingly important for employers looking to ... life science industries are embracing this trend, as the ... the fabric of a company, which will have real ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 Sterlitech is ... polymeric membranes to its stable of products . ... molecular weight cut-offs and include membrane filters with surface ... increase in customer demand for our membrane process testing ... variety of flat sheet membranes,” explains Sterlitech President Mark ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Best Sanitizers, Inc. Asks Food Industry Professionals: With Fall Harvest On the Way, Is Your E2 Hand Soap Up to the Task? 2New analytical technology reveals 'nanomechanical' surface traits 2New analytical technology reveals 'nanomechanical' surface traits 3Klein Hersh International Leads Philadelphia Area Life Science Industry in Company Culture 2Klein Hersh International Leads Philadelphia Area Life Science Industry in Company Culture 3Sterlitech Corporation Enhances Its Selection of Flat Sheet Membrane Filters 2
... July 15 Amsterdam,Molecular Therapeutics (Euronext: AMT), a ... announced the start of a collaboration with St. ... the development,of a gene therapy treatment for Hemophilia ... commercial rights to the final product. The,combination of ...
... A report published in the July 8 issue of ... Sciences ( PNAS ) is the first to ... of tiny nanoclusters of metallic gold. The study, which ... the work of researchers at four universities on two ...
... HealthSonix, Inc.,(Pink Sheets: HSXI)(FWB:H7S) today announced that ... purchased two wholly owned,subsidiaries of HealthSonix, Inc. ... "Selling the two operating companies to Innovative ... the companies to,resume full operations and get ...
Cached Biology Technology:AMT Starts Collaboration With St. Jude Children's Research Hospital on Gene Therapy for Hemophilia B. Company Accesses Exclusive Commercial Rights to Final Therapy 2AMT Starts Collaboration With St. Jude Children's Research Hospital on Gene Therapy for Hemophilia B. Company Accesses Exclusive Commercial Rights to Final Therapy 3AMT Starts Collaboration With St. Jude Children's Research Hospital on Gene Therapy for Hemophilia B. Company Accesses Exclusive Commercial Rights to Final Therapy 4Study reveals principles behind stability and electronic properties of gold nanoclusters 2Study reveals principles behind stability and electronic properties of gold nanoclusters 3Study reveals principles behind stability and electronic properties of gold nanoclusters 4HealthSonix Sells Operating Subsidiaries to Innovative Health Sciences 2
Recognizes the 41 and 43 kDa G-proteins present in liver plasma membranes and Gq/11alpha expressed in the Sf9 insect cell expression system. Negative for recombinant G(I)alpha subtypes....
Pancreatic Cell Cryopreservation Medium (2X) is intended for the cryopreservation of LT2 Immortalized Pancreatic Mesenchymal Cells (SCR013) and VIT1 Primary Pancreatic Mesenchymal Cells (SCR014)....
LAB/Probe Mouse-Rabbit DAB Kit...
Mouse monoclonal [SH-A1] to S100 alpha ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 6271 SwissProtID: P23297...
Biology Products: