Navigation Links
Coal plant closure in China led to improvements in children's health
Date:3/26/2014

Decreased exposure to air pollution in utero is linked with improved childhood developmental scores and higher levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a key protein for brain development, according to a study looking at the closure of a coal-burning power plant in China led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health.

The study is the first to assess BDNF and cognitive development with respect to prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), a component of air pollution commonly emitted from coal burning. Results appear online in the journal PLOS ONE.

The 2004 closure of a coal-burning power plant in Tongliang, China provided the opportunity to investigate the benefits to development and the impacts on BDNF associated with decreased levels of exposure to PAH. This study has linked decreases in air pollution with decreased levels of PAH-DNA adducts in cord blood, a biological marker of exposure, and reported an association between PAH exposure and adverse developmental outcomes in children born before the plant closure. Currently, coal-fired power plants produce more than 70% of China's electricity.

Deliang Tang, MD, DrPH, and his colleagues followed two groups of mother-child pairs from pregnancy into early childhood. One of the groups was comprised of mothers pregnant while the coal power plant was still open and the other after it closed. Developmental delay was determined using a standardized test, the Gesell Developmental Schedule (GDS), which was adapted for the Chinese population. The GDS assesses children in four areas: motor skills, learned behaviors, language, and social adaptation.

The researchers found that, as hypothesized, decreased PAH exposure resulting from the power plant closure was associated with both increased BDNF levels and increased developmental scores. PAH-DNA adducts were significantly lower in
'/>"/>

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. The future of plant science - a technology perspective
2. The future of plant science a technology perspective
3. Bone marrow transplant arrests symptoms in model of Rett syndrome
4. American Society of Plant Biologists honors early career women scientists
5. Not just for the birds: Man-made noise has ripple effects on plants, too
6. Plant DNA speaks English, identifies new species
7. Human noise has ripple effects on plants
8. New databases harvest a rich bounty of information on crop plant metabolism
9. Plant research reveals new role for gene silencing protein
10. Plants mimic scent of pollinating beetles
11. Stomata development in plants unraveled -- a valuable discovery for environmental research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Coal plant closure in China led to improvements in children's health
(Date:9/18/2014)... Wis. No matter how many times it,s ... social, communicating creatures. , But by using ... organisms radically alter their behavior to suit their ... of them are present, and act accordingly. , ... millions, it may change from innocuous to pathogenic, ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... manipulate spoken language is unique to humans. "The genetic ... of human evolution to make this possible are largely ... now have," says Wolfgang Enard, Professor of Anthropology and ... the molecular biological basis of language Enard has now ... latest study, undertaken in collaboration with scientists at several ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... researchers and their colleagues have built the first ... academic performance and behavioral trends. In other words, ... even if you don,t -- and how that ... students, happiness, stress, depression and loneliness to their ... general population for example, to monitor mental ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Researchers study vital 'on/off switches' that control when bacteria turn deadly 2Researchers study vital 'on/off switches' that control when bacteria turn deadly 3Language evolution: Quicker on the uptake 2Language evolution: Quicker on the uptake 3New Dartmouth smartphone app reveals users' mental health, performance, behavior 2New Dartmouth smartphone app reveals users' mental health, performance, behavior 3New Dartmouth smartphone app reveals users' mental health, performance, behavior 4
... A Webinar hosted by TorreyPines Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... bring together industry experts to discuss the opportunity ... the inhibition of the neurotransmitter glutamate. The company,s ... moderate a discussion following brief presentations by: ...
... (June 20, 2008) The future of high-intensity x-ray ... U.S. Department of Energy,s Argonne National Laboratory have devised ... "The free electron laser oscillator (X-FELO) we are proposing ... brighter than currently operating machines," Argonne Distinguished fellow Kwang-Je ...
... knowfor sure. Adding to a growing literature ,on ... ,function, it is now shown that one lactate dehydrogenase family ... ,work on this glycolytic enzyme had shown that it is ... ,only speculative. In an article on p. 26 Odet et ...
Cached Biology News:Treating chronic pain, migraine & muscle spasticity through inhibition of neurotransmitter glutamate 2Treating chronic pain, migraine & muscle spasticity through inhibition of neurotransmitter glutamate 3A novel X-ray source could be brightest in the world 2July 2008 highlights 2
(Date:9/19/2014)... DUBLIN , September 19, 2014 ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/b2jxhs/micro_market ) has announced the ... Pre-packed Chromatography Columns"  report to their offering.  ... columns market is one of the fastest-growing segments ... at $1.2 billion in 2013, and expected to ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... 2014 HealthTronics, Inc ., ... radiology products and services, announced that a poster ... cryoablation) versus external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) is being ... Urological Association (MAAUA) Annual Meeting in Baltimore, Maryland ... of Cryosurgery and External Beam Radiation as Treatments ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Mich. , Sept. 18, 2014  Health Enhancement Products, ... firm investigating early-stage algae bioactive compounds and metabolic processes, is ... the company,s board of directors. Ms. Nola E. Masterson ... investment advisor joined the board effective September 17, 2014. ... Masterson agree to join our board," states Andrew Dahl ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... , Sept. 18, 2014 Research ... "Global and Chinese Stem Cell Industry Report, 2014-2017" ... cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into ... more stem cells. Stem cell therapy can be applied ... hematological system disease), nervous system diseases, damage or lesion ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Micro Market Monitor : Global Pre-packed Chromatography Columns 2HealthTronics Announces Data Comparing Cryotherapy Versus Radiation for Treating Prostate Cancer Poster Presented at the American Urological Association Regional Meeting 2Health Enhancement Announces New Board Member In Advance Of Annual Shareholder Meeting 2Global and Chinese Stem Cell Industry Report, 2014-2017 2Global and Chinese Stem Cell Industry Report, 2014-2017 3
... Getty Images The Olympics of Biotech , ,The ... year. Though this is still a primarily American-influenced event, it ... the industry becomes part of the economies of many countries. ... two weeks, the biotech Olympics run about four days every ...
... the market began its downward trend three years ago ... the financial strain. However, as the price of computers ... the need for IT services grew. Many IT staffers ... their IT staff before, and looked to begin working ...
... - A free online collection of multimedia resources on children's ... books and authors has launched on a Wisconsin ... the school year. , , TeachingBooks is a new ... journal and newspaper articles, encyclopedias and other resources to Wisconsin ...
Cached Biology Technology:The Olympics: A Biotech Perspective 2The Olympics: A Biotech Perspective 3Expetec expands IT staff services in Wisconsin 2Expetec expands IT staff services in Wisconsin 3TeachingBooks brings free K-12 resources to Wisconsin residents 2
, Premium quality synthesis and purification , You provide the sequence, we'll do the rest , Rigorous quality control , Your choice of purification method, amount and format , Available annealed...
MW5...
Mouse GM CSF Construction Kit provides antigen affinity purified polyclonal capture and tracer antibodies, and antigen standard for development of approximately ten microplate assays....
... the membrane-permeant ester forms (CCF2-AM and ... beta-lactamase substrates, CCF2 and CCF4. These ... where cleavage by endogeneous cytoplasmic esterases ... charged forms, thereby trapping them in ...
Biology Products: