Navigation Links
Clinical study shows young brains lack the wisdom of their elders
Date:8/25/2011

This press release is available in French.

MONTREAL, August 25th, 2011 - The brains of older people are not slower but rather wiser than young brains, which allows older adults to achieve an equivalent level of performance, according research undertaken at the University Geriatrics Institute of Montreal by Dr. Oury Monchi and Dr. Ruben Martins of the Univeristy of Montreal. "The older brain has experience and knows that nothing is gained by jumping the gun. It was already known that aging is not necessarily associated with a significant loss in cognitive function. When it comes to certain tasks, the brains of older adults can achieve very close to the same performance as those of younger ones," explained Dr. Monchi. "We now have neurobiological evidence showing that with age comes wisdom and that as the brain gets older, it learns to better allocate its resources. Overall, our study shows that Aesop's fable about the tortoise and the hare was on the money: being able to run fast does not always win the raceyou have to know how to best use your abilities. This adage is a defining characteristic of aging."

The original goal of the study was to explore the brain regions and pathways that are involved in the planning and execution of language pairing tasks. In particular, the researchers were interested in knowing what happened when the rules of the task changed part way through the exercise. For this test, participants were asked to pair words according to different lexical rules, including semantic category (animal, object, etc.), rhyme, or the beginning of the word (attack). The matching rules changed multiple times throughout the task without the participants knowing. For example, if the person figured out that the words fell under the same semantic category, the rule was changed so that they were required to pair the words according to rhyme instead.

"Funny enough, the young brain is more reactive to negative reinforcement than the older one. When the young participants made a mistake and had to plan and execute a new strategy to get the right answer, various parts of their brains were recruited even before the next task began. However, when the older participants learned that they had made a mistake, these regions were only recruited at the beginning of the next trial, indicating that with age, we decide to make adjustments only when absolutely necessary. It is as though the older brain is more impervious to criticism and more confident than the young brain," stated Dr. Monchi.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. A new journal where molecular biology meets clinical research
2. Self-assembling nano-fiber gel delivers high concentrations of clinically approved drugs
3. Biochemistry of human physiology in health and disease is focus of updated clinical text
4. New book helps medical students master clinical skills
5. In just 5 years, gene discovery to clinical trial of potential treatment
6. Far-reaching genetics topics to be addressed: 2009 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting, March 25-29
7. Genome Medicine: Bridging the gap between research and clinical practice
8. 3 new informatics pilot projects to aid clinical and translational scientists nationwide
9. TGen Clinical Research Services at Scottsdale Healthcare and Mayo Clinic study new cancer drug
10. ABC publishes monograph on scientific and clinical research of Sinupret
11. Researchers win award for best clinical paper in orthopedic physical therapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/27/2016)... 2016  Rite Track, Inc. a leading semiconductor equipment ... Chester, Ohio announced today the acquisition of PLUS ... in Austin, Texas , will significantly ... modifications, installations and technical support offerings for TEL Track ... commented, "PLUS has provided world class service including refurbishment, ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... , January 22, 2016 ... the addition of the  "Global Behavioral ... offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) ... "Global Behavioral Biometric Market 2016-2020"  report ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) has ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... -- A market that just keeps on growing. Molecular ... in genomics knowledge. Learn all about it in this ... dynamic trends are pushing market growth and company valuations. ... - pathogen evolution - next generation sequencing - emergence ... of the role of genetic material in Disease and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016  PTC Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: PTCT ... to Realize Innovation, Vision and Empowerment) grant award ... funds to patient advocacy organizations to develop unique ... to the rare disease community by increasing awareness, ... advocates. Mary Frances Harmon , ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 11, 2016  Vermillion, Inc. (NASDAQ: VRML ), ... announced the formation of the Steering Committee for its ... --> Pelvic masses can present physicians and ... Once pregnancy is ruled out, pelvic masses may include ... endometriosis, benign ovarian tumors and gastrointestinal and urinary tract ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  Wellcentive today announced it has been selected ... -based community care organization (CCO) with more than ... reporting and care management solutions and services. Wellcentive,s ... quality managers, analysts and care managers while providing ... FamilyCare members. Oregon ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016   BioInformant announces ... "Stem Cell Research Products, Opportunities, Tools, and Technologies – ... The ... the stem cell industry, BioInformant has more than a ... stem cell market, by stem cell type. This powerful ...
Breaking Biology Technology: