Navigation Links
Clingy platelets suggest potential treatment strategy for rheumatoid arthritis
Date:8/29/2013

Bethesda, MDNo one likes clingy people, but "clingy" blood platelets may offer hope for millions of people with rheumatoid arthritis. According to new research findings published in The Journal of Leukocyte Biology, a sub population of immune cells (lymphocytes) known to play a significant role in rheumatoid arthritis has platelets attached to their surface. Those attached platelets reduced the ability of the immune cells to cause disease by reducing their activity levels and ability to spread. This opens the door to new investigations into treatments that ultimately bind platelets to lymphocytes. In addition, understanding this process may serve as a tool for better being able to predict the severity of the disease.

"We hope with this knowledge to contribute to the reduction in the chronicity of inflammatory diseases, one of the main aspects that compromise the quality of life of the patients," said Silvia Vidal, Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work from the Department of Immunology at the Institut Recerca of the Hospital Santa Creu I Sant Pau in Barcelona, Spain.

To make this discovery, scientists found specific platelet markers on the surface of lymphocytes from peripheral blood of healthy donors by flow cytometry. Visual confirmation that these markers belonged to platelets attached to lymphocytes was achieved by confocal microscopy. In cell cultures, those lymphocytes with bound platelets were less sensitive to activation and proliferation, and they produced less inflammatory mediators. Researchers analyzed the frequency of these platelet-bound lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of 20 rheumatoid arthritis patients. Associations were established between clinical parameters and activity disease scores and the frequency of platelet-bound lymphocytes.

"This report expands our understanding of how the mechanisms of inflammation operate and reveal new potential ways we can bring it under control," said John Wherry, Ph.D., Deputy Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology. "Defining how platelets regulate other immune cells by binding to their surface and influencing their role in inflammation, is an important step toward new platelet-based treatments to control damaging inflammatory diseases caused by many immune cells."


'/>"/>

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
cmooneyhan@faseb.org
301-634-7104
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Artificial platelets could treat injured soldiers on the battlefield
2. Nanoparticles added to platelets double internal injury survival rate
3. UC Santa Barbara researchers develop synthetic platelets
4. HB-EGF protects intestines from a variety of injuries, pair of studies suggests
5. Study suggests way to fight therapy resistant leukemia by blocking DNA repair
6. U of T-led study cracks universal RNA code, suggests a new cause for autism
7. Metastatic pancreatic, primary breast cancer have common growth mechanisms, study suggests
8. Evidence suggests Antarctic crabs could be native
9. Low levels of toxic proteins linked to brain diseases, study suggests
10. Survey of physicians suggests tablets more useful than smartphones
11. Recovery of Hawaiian green sea turtles still short of historic levels, Stanford-led study suggests
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/4/2017)... -- GCE Solutions, a global clinical research organization (CRO), announces the launch ... October 4, 2017. Shadow is designed to assist medical writers and ... of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in meeting the requirements for ... ... ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... 20, 2017 Delta (NYSE: DAL ) customers now ... aircraft at Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA). ... Delta launches biometrics to board aircraft at ... Delta,s biometric boarding pass experience ... is now integrated into the boarding process to allow eligible Delta SkyMiles ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... IBM ) is introducing several innovative partner startups at VivaTech ... startups and global businesses, taking place in Paris ... will showcase the solutions they have built with IBM Watson ... France is one of the most dynamic ... in the number of startups created between 2012 and 2015*, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/7/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... ... Hi-C metagenome deconvolution product, featuring the first commercially available Hi-C kit. Researchers ... perform Hi-C metagenome deconvolution using their own facilities, supplementing the company’s full-service ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... The HealthTech Venture ... sector at their fourth annual Conference where founders, investors, innovative practitioners and collaborators ... ELEVATE pitch competition showcasing early stage digital health and med tech companies. , ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 05, 2017 , ... LabRoots ... and scientists from around the world, is giving back to cancer research with a ... October. , Now through October 31, shoppers can use promo code PinkRibbon to ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... ... October 05, 2017 , ... NIH ... of its Nanobind DNA/RNA extraction technology . Nanobind is a novel magnetic ... surface and that can be used for a wide variety of sample preparation ...
Breaking Biology Technology: