Navigation Links
Climate change could turn oxygen-free seas from blessing to curse for zooplankton
Date:7/1/2011

KINGSTON, R.I. July 1, 2011 Tiny marine organisms called zooplankton can use specialized adaptations that allow them to hide from predators in areas of the ocean where oxygen levels are so low that almost nothing can survive, but they may run into trouble as these areas expand due to climate change.

"Oxygen minimum zones are very difficult places to survive," said University of Rhode Island doctoral student Leanne Elder. "But we have discovered that these tiny animals have adapted in two specialized ways. First, they suppress their metabolism, which is very much like hibernation in other animals. Second, while converting food into energy normally requires large amounts of oxygen, these zooplankton use a different process - anaerobic glycolysis - which allows them to use only small amounts."

The tiny animals use the oxygen minimum zones as refuges from predators, migrating vertically down into the zone during the day and returning at night to feed in the oxygen- and food-rich areas closer to the surface.

However, oxygen minimum zones are predicted to expand into shallower waters as global warming continues, which will force the zooplankton into a narrow band of water during the night and making them susceptible to their main predators -- fish. If this causes a population crash in these animals, it will have impacts all the way up the food chain.

A resident of Cranston, R.I., Elder will present the results of her research today at the annual conference of the Society for Experimental Biology in Glasgow, Scotland.

Although the oxygen minimum zone provides a refuge for zooplankton, spending time there does have a cost to the animals: anaerobic glycolysis results in a build up of acid that they can only dispose of when they return to surface waters. Elder said that future research needs to be done on how the reduction in oxygen- rich habitat will affect these animals and hence the whole ocean ecosystem.


'/>"/>

Contact: Todd McLeish
tmcleish@uri.edu
401-874-7892
University of Rhode Island
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Long-term study shows effect of climate change on animal diversity
2. White Mountain Research Station to host climate change conference
3. Researchers find animal with ability to survive climate change
4. Severe climate change costs forecast for Pennsylvania, N.C., Tennessee, N.D.
5. Experts discuss climate change during UH lecture series
6. Dont blame cities for climate change, see them as solutions
7. Green coffee-growing practices buffer climate-change impacts
8. Brookhaven scientists take off for southeastern Pacific climate study
9. Himalaya -- Changing Landscapes photo exhibition draws attention to the impacts of climate change
10. British scientists go cloud-hopping in the Pacific to improve climate predictions
11. Northwest climate change is target of $3.2M in grants to University of Oregon
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/5/2017)... 2017 Today HYPR Corp. , leading ... component of the HYPR platform is officially FIDO® ... security architecture that empowers biometric authentication across Fortune 500 ... secured over 15 million users across the financial services ... home product suites and physical access represent a growing ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... HONG KONG , March 30, 2017 ... developed a system for three-dimensional (3D) fingerprint identification by adopting ground ... technology into a new realm of speed and accuracy for use ... applications at an affordable cost. ... ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... The Controller General of Immigration from Maldives Mr. Mohamed Anwar ... the prestigious international IAIR Award for the most innovative high security ePassport ... ... Maldives Immigration Controller General, Mr. ... on the right) have received the IAIR award for the "Most innovative ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... different cell type. Many treatments for specific cancers, such as breast, prostate, or ... treatment is androgen deprivation therapy for advanced prostate cancer. , This therapy ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... , Aug. 16, 2017  Kingfisher Talent, the ... development, and Virdis Group, global executive search specialists in the ... enables clients to leverage the expertise and reach of both ... here in the Boston biotech hub, ... leadership talent throughout the US, Canada ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... , ... Any expert in stem cell research or stem cell medicine knows ... a century. Despite their essential roles in human health and regenerative medicine, adult ... developed for this purpose also tag other, more abundant, non-stem tissue cells ( See ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... ... August 14, 2017 , ... ... antibodies. Key researchers in the antibody community have recently come together to address ... antibodies in the laboratory. , The team at Thermo Fisher ...
Breaking Biology Technology: