Navigation Links
Climate change could drive vast human migrations
Date:6/10/2009

By mid-century, people may be fleeing rising seas, droughts, floods and other effects of changing climate, in migrations that could vastly exceed the scope of anything before, says a major new report. The document, authored by researchers at Columbia University's Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), the United Nations University and CARE International, was released today at a news conference in Bonn. The researchers say that the effects of climate are hard to sort from connected factors including political and economic conflicts, extreme weather events, population growth, human destruction of ecosystems and overuse of farmland. However, they say, climate change will eventually play a dominant role by exacerbating all of these problems, and is already having detectable effects. While the report does not attempt to put numbers to those potentially uprooted, estimates from other reports it cites range from 25 million to 50 million by 2010, to almost 700 million by 2050. "Climate is the envelope in which all of us lead our daily lives. This report sounds warning bells," said coauthor Alexander de Sherbinin, a geographer at CIESIN. "We usually categorize the poor as the ones who will suffer mostbut richer societies will potentially lose as well." The report, In Search of Shelter: Mapping the Effects of Climate Change on Human Migration and Displacement, is based on a first-time global survey of environmental change and migration. It is illustrated with a series of detailed maps, generated by CIESIN, that show how and where significant displacements may occur. Among its findings:

  • Breakdown of ecosystem-based economies including subsistence herding, farming and fishing will be the dominant driver of forced migration.

  • Climate change will increase the frequency and intensity of natural hazards such as cyclones, floods and droughts. Rains in parts of Mexico and Central America, for instance, are projected to drop as much as 50% by 2080. Farmers in parts of Mexico and north Africa's Sahel region may already be moving in part due to changing rains.

  • Sea level rise directly threatens the existence of some 40 countries. Saltwater intrusion, flooding and erosion could destroy agriculture in the densely populated Mekong, Nile and Ganges deltas. A rise of two meters, or six feet--well within some projections for this century-- would inundate nearly half the Mekong's 3 million hectares (7.5 million acres) of farmland. Some Pacific island nations including the Maldives (pop. 300,000) are already considering prospects for total relocation.

  • Ongoing melting of alpine glaciers in the Himalayas will devastate the heavily irrigated farmlands of Asia by increasing floods and decreasing long-term water supplies. The glacier-fed basins of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Irawaddy, Salween, Mekong, Yangtze and Yellow rivers now support over 1.4 billion people.

  • Most migrants will probably move within their own countries, or to countries next door. Many will be poor, and many will be unable to move far enough to improve their lots. Ripples from resulting conflicts and collapses will hit richer countries.

Coauthor Charles Ehrhart, CARE's climate-change coordinator, called the potential impacts "startling." "Societies affected by climate change may find themselves locked into a downward spiral of ecological degradation, towards the bottom of which social safety nets collapse, while tensions and violence rise," said a statement from CARE. "In this all-too plausible scenario, large populations would be forced to migrate as a matter of immediate survival."

De Sherbinin pointed out that human population is projected to grow from 6.8 billion today, to 9 billion by 2050. "Countries are running out of places to put people productively," he said. "You can't just stockpile people."

The report says it is vital that countries reach an agreement to stem greenhouse gases during this December's United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. But even if this deadline is met, most scientists say some amount of climate change is now inevitable. To mitigate resulting migrations, the report recommends that nations prioritize the most vulnerable populations and invest there in defensive measures, including irrigation technology that uses less water; low-till agriculture; economic diversification; and official systems to manage natural disasters. It says nations must agree on how to resettle populations of low-lying areas, and strengthen the ability of emigrants to send remittances to those left in affected regions.

"New thinking and practical approaches are needed to address the threats that climate-related migration poses to human security and well-being," said coauthor Koko Warner, head of the UN University's Institute for Environment and Human Security.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Krajick
kkrajick@ei.columbia.edu
212-854-9729
The Earth Institute at Columbia University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Climate change goes underground
2. Opportunity for students displaced by Katrina to assess climate vulnerability of Southeast US
3. Climate -- no smoking gun for Neanderthals
4. NASA celebrates a decade observing climate impacts on health of worlds oceans
5. NASA celebrates a decade observing climate impacts on health of worlds oceans
6. University and state agencies to forecast local health effects of climate change
7. A greenhouse in order to study the impact of climate change on plants
8. European lead in reading past climates from ice cores
9. International team of scientists warns of climate changes impact on global river flow
10. Heaps of climate gas
11. Nobel Peace Prize 2007 to intergovernmental panel on climate change
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Climate change could drive vast human migrations
(Date:2/10/2016)... , February 10, 2016 ... According to 2016 iris recognition market report, ... recognition is more widely accepted for border ... both fingerprint and iris recognition technology in ... to avoid purchasing two individual biometrics devices. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 ... of the "Global Facial Recognition Market ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/5kvw8m/global_facial ) has announced the ... Market 2016-2020" report to their offering. ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/5kvw8m/global_facial ) has announced the addition of ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... LIVERMORE, Calif. , Feb. 3, 2016 ... Police Department in Missouri ... of license plate reader (LPR) data from Vigilant Solutions. ... a hit-and-run case in which the victim was walking out ... a parking space next to his vehicle, striking his ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Global ... new agreement with Bankok,Thailand-based Global Stem Cells Network (GSCN) to distribute exosome injection ... American countries, including Mexico, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Colombia, Argentina, Nicaragua, Panama, El ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ), ... that Mitsui & Co. Ltd., its partner in the ... is investing an additional CDN$25 million in the joint ... from 30% to 40%.  Mitsui will also play a ... in Sarnia , providing dedicated resources ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016  The Maryland House of Delegates and House ... University of Maryland School of Medicine Dean E. ... Maryland Medical System President and CEO Robert Chrencik ... highest honor given to the public by the leader ... Reece and Mr. Chrencik for their contributions to ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ASAE is introducing a hybrid membership model which will ... of joining or renewing through an organizational purchasing model. ... every employee in any size association or AMC office ... member benefits.   John H. Graham, IV ... allow organizations of any size and their employees to ...
Breaking Biology Technology: