Navigation Links
Cleveland Clinic research shows gut bacteria byproduct predicts heart attack and stroke
Date:4/24/2013

EMBARGOED UNTIL 5 P.M. EDT, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 2013, Cleveland: A microbial byproduct of intestinal bacteria contributes to heart disease and serves as an accurate screening tool for predicting future risks of heart attack, stroke and death in persons not otherwise identified by traditional risk factors and blood tests, according to Cleveland Clinic research published today in The New England Journal of Medicine.

The research team was led by Stanley Hazen, M.D., Ph.D., Vice Chair of Translational Research, Chair of the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine for the Lerner Research Institute and section head of Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation in the Miller Family Heart and Vascular Institute at Cleveland Clinic, and W.H. Wilson Tang, M.D., Department of Cardiovascular Medicine in the Miller Family Heart and Vascular Institute and Lerner Research Institute.

The current study is an extension of Dr. Hazen's previous work, in which he found that a chemical byproduct called trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is produced when intestinal bacteria digest the nutrient phosphatidylcholine, commonly known as lecithin. The prior research showed that TMAO levels in the blood were associated with heart disease. Dr. Hazen and colleagues have now confirmed that gut flora are essential in forming TMAO in humans and demonstrated a relationship between TMAO levels and future cardiac events like heart attack, stroke, and deatheven in those with no prior evidence of cardiac disease risk.

To demonstrate the role of gut flora in forming TMAO, human subjects were asked to eat two hard-boiled eggs (a common dietary source of lecithin) and a capsule of labeled lecithin (as a tracer). After ingestion, TMAO levels in the blood increased. However, when these same subjects were given a brief course of broad-spectrum antibiotics to suppress their gut flora, their TMAO levels were suppressed, and no additional TMAO was formed, even after ingesting lecithin. These results demonstrated that the intestinal bacteria are essential for the formation of TMAO.

In the second phase of the study, the researchers measured TMAO levels in a large, independent, clinical cohort consisting of more than 4,000 adults undergoing cardiac evaluation at Cleveland Clinic over a three-year follow-up period. They found that higher TMAO blood levels were associated with higher future risks of death and nonfatal heart attack or stroke over the ensuing three-year period, independent of other risk factors and blood test results. These results complement those of another recent study of Dr. Hazen's linking gut flora metabolism of a structurally similar nutrient found in animal products, carnitine, to TMAO production and heart attack risk.

"Heart disease remains the No. 1 killer, and while we know how to reduce cholesterol, treat blood pressure, and reduce cardiac risks through diet and other interventions, a substantial residual risk still remains," Dr. Hazen said. "We need to find new pathways to attack heart disease, and these findings strongly suggest that further research into the involvement of gut microbiome in the development of cardiovascular disease could lead to new avenues of prevention and treatment of heart disease."

Dr. Hazen further suggested, "These studies show that measuring blood levels of TMAO could serve as a powerful tool for predicting future cardiovascular risk, even for those without known risk factors. More studies are needed to confirm that TMAO testing, like cholesterol, triglyceride or glucose levels, might help guide physicians in providing individualized nutritional recommendations for preventing cardiovascular disease. Our goal is not to suggest dietary restrictions of entire food groups. Eggs, meat and other animal products are an integral part of most individuals' diets. Our work shows, however, that when digesting these foods, gut flora can generate a chemical mediator, TMAO, that may contribute to cardiovascular disease."


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Ambro
ambrol@ccf.org
216-636-5876
Cleveland Clinic
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Cleveland Clinic researchers discover new link between heart disease and red meat
2. Cleveland Clinic research shows anemia drug does not improve health of anemic heart failure patients
3. Cleveland Clinic develops clinical screening program for no.1 genetic cause of colon cancer
4. Cleveland Clinic researchers receive $5 million grant to discover novel pathways to heart disease
5. Mayo Clinic anesthesiologist earns APSs Walter B. Cannon Award
6. Federal Government Organization achieves cleaner and faster Clinical Study Data using Tablet PCs from TabletKiosk
7. AACR news: Paragazole excels in preclinical models of triple-negative breast cancer
8. NYSCF scientists develop new protocol to ready induced pluripotent stem cell clinical application
9. ACMG releases report on incidental findings in clinical exome and genome sequencing
10. IUPUI stem cell research could expand clinical use of regenerative human cells
11. New AAN/ALS Association Clinical Fellow Will Pursue Immune Biomarkers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/14/2016)... , March 14, 2016 NXTD ) ... mobile commerce market, announces the airing of a new series ... the week of March 21 st .  The commercials will ... its popular Squawk on the Street show. --> ... the growing mobile commerce market, announces the airing of a ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... PUNE, India , March 10, 2016 ... to a new market research report "Identity and Access ... SSO, & Audit, Compliance, and Governance), by Organization Size, ... Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, The market is ... to USD 12.78 Billion by 2020, at a Compound ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... , March 9, 2016  Crossmatch ® ... and enrollment solutions, today announced the addition of ... Altus multi-factor authentication platform. New contextual ... managers to step-up security where it,s needed most ... Washington, DC . --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... 2016 According to a ... "Separation Systems for Commercial Biotechnology Market - Global ... 2015 - 2023", the separation systems for commercial ... in 2014 and is projected to expand at ... to reach US$ 19,227.8 Mn in 2023. ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... April 28, 2016 The report ... Brayton Cryocoolers), Service (Technical Support, Product Repairs & Refurbishment, ... Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global ... by 2022, at a CAGR of 7.29% between 2016 ... Tables and 94 Figures spread through 159 Pages and ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Morris ... open house for regional manufacturers at its Maple Grove, Minnesota technical center, May ... Group, Chiron and Trumpf. Almost 20 leading suppliers of tooling, accessories, software ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... April 27, 2016 NanoStruck ... (OTCPink: NSKQB) ( Frankfurt : 8NSK) ... Pressemitteilung vom 13. August 2015 die Genehmigung von ... um zusätzliche 200.000.000 Einheiten auf 400.000.000 Einheiten zu ... bringen. Davon wurden 157.900.000 Einheiten mit dem ersten ...
Breaking Biology Technology: