Navigation Links
Clean cookstoves unaffordable to Bangladeshi women
Date:6/29/2012

New Haven, Conn.Women in rural Bangladesh prefer inexpensive, traditional stoves for cooking over modern ones despite significant health risks, according to a Yale study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

A large majority of respondents94 percentbelieved that indoor smoke from the traditional stoves is harmful, but less so than polluted water (76 percent) and spoiled food (66 percent). Still, Bangladeshi women opted for traditional cookstove technology so they could afford basic needs.

"Nontraditional cookstoves might be more successful if they were designed with features valued more highly by users, such as reducing operating costs even if they might not reduce environmental impact," said Mushfiq Mobarak, a co-author and associate professor of economics at the Yale School of Management.

In most rural homes, where there is no electricity, food is cooked over an open fire using wood, agricultural residue and animal dung, known together as "biomass." The result is 50,000 deaths in Bangladesh a year and over 2 million worldwide. The release of black carbon is also a significant source of greenhouse gases.

Fully 98 percent of Bangladesh's 131 million people cook with biomass using traditional stoves despite years of efforts by governments and health organizations to promote models that are fuel-efficient and have chimneys. Moreover, 92 percent of 2,280 Bangladeshi households surveyed between July and September 2008 had never seen a nontraditional cookstove.

"The adoption and use of these nontraditional cookstoves in the developing world have, with few exceptions, remained disappointingly low," said Puneet Dwivedi, a co-author of the study and a postdoctoral researcher at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies.

When given a hypothetical choice between a cash subsidy and a nontraditional cookstove, the respondents overwhelmingly chose to spend money on doctors, schools, electricity, clean water, latrines, seeds for planting and structures to protect their land from flooding.

"Household budgetary concerns appear to dominate any health concerns associated with smoke from nontraditional cookstoves," said Robert Bailis, associate professor of environmental social science at the School of Forestry & Environmental Studies.

The researchers also conducted a randomized controlled trial in 42 villages in the Bangladeshi districts of Hatiya and Jamalpur to estimate how sensitive Bangladeshi households are to the price of nontraditional cookstoves.

They found that the demand for nontraditional cookstoves at both market and highly subsidized prices is very low and that demand is highly sensitive to price. At full price, the adoption rate for chimney cookstoves was 2 percent and for efficiency models 5 percent. In addition, a 50 percent discount resulted only in a 12 percent increase in the adoption of efficiency models and a 5 percent increase in the adoption of stoves with chimneys.

"We find consistent evidence across both analyses suggesting that women in rural Bangladesh do not perceive indoor air pollution as a significant health hazard," said Dwivedi.


'/>"/>

Contact: David DeFusco
david.defusco@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Mining cleanup benefits from Texas A&M expertise
2. Palladium-gold nanoparticles clean TCE a billion times faster than iron filings
3. Arsenic for better drugs and cleaner crops
4. Waves of Berkeley Lab responders deploy omics to track Deepwater Horizon cleanup microbes
5. University of Tennessee professor receives funding for clean coal research
6. Americas clean energy policies need a reality check, say Stanford researchers
7. New paper by Notre Dame researchers describes method for cleaning up nuclear waste
8. Bangladeshi women prefer pollution-causing cookstoves
9. Study finds emissions from widely used cookstoves vary with use
10. Some improved cookstoves may emit more pollution than traditional mud cookstoves
11. New study shines light on barriers to diabetes care in NYC Bangladeshi community
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/20/2017)... -- PMD Healthcare announces the release of its new ... (WMS), a remote, real-time lung health monitoring and management ... a Medical Device, Digital Health, and Chronic Care Management ... solutions that empower people to improve their healthcare and ... the first ever personal spirometer, Spiro PD, which was ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... 13, 2017 Future of security: Biometric Face Matching software  ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match face pictures against each other ... identify individuals. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG,s "Face Matching" is the fastest software for biometric Face Matching on the ...
(Date:3/9/2017)... SAN FRANCISCO and MOUNTAIN VIEW, ... Zipongo , "Eating Well Made Simple," and 23andMe ... to help guide better food choices.  Zipongo can now ... only their food preferences, health goals and biometrics, but ... to certain food choices. Zipongo,s personalized food ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... A recent survey conducted ... troublesome and difficult to control weed in 12 categories of broadleaf crops, fruits and ... weed scientists across the U.S. and Canada participated in the 2016 survey, the second ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Genedata, a leading provider of ... occasion with a strong presence at Bio-IT World Conference & Expo 2017 in ... invitation to all attendees to view posters on the entire range of ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... A new ... San Diego, California, this August will feature high-level speakers on quantum devices, graphene ... SPIE Optics and Photonics, the largest multidisciplinary optical sciences meeting in North America, ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Energetiq Technology, a world ... facility expansion to accommodate its rapid growth. , The renovations at the company’s ... of the existing areas. The expansion includes, a state-of-the-art engineering facility, and a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: