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Claims of sex-related differences in genetic association studies often not properly validated
Date:8/21/2007

porting of statistical interaction tests was rare, the authors write.

We hope that our empirical evaluation will help sensitize clinicians, geneticists, epidemiologists, and statisticians who are pursuing subgroup analyses by sex or other subgroups on genetic associations. The pursuit of gene-sex interactions should not be necessarily abandoned. Ideally, sex differences should be based on a priori, clearly defined, and adequately powered subgroups. Post hoc, discovery-based analyses are also of interest, but their post hoc character should be clearly stated in the manuscript. Both a priori and post hoc claims should be documented by interaction tests and proper consideration of the multiplicity of comparisons involved. Even then, results should be explained with caution and should be replicated by several other studies before being accepted as likely modifications of genetic or other risks.


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Contact: John P. A. Ioannidis
jioannid@cc.uoi.gr
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

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