Navigation Links
Circadian rhythm-metabolism link discovered
Date:7/24/2008

Irvine, Calif. UC Irvine researchers have found a molecular link between circadian rhythms our own body clock and metabolism. The discovery reveals new possibilities for the treatment of diabetes, obesity and other related diseases.

Paolo Sassone-Corsi, Distinguished Professor and Chair of Pharmacology, and his colleagues have identified that an essential protein called CLOCK that regulates the body's circadian rhythms, works in balance with another protein called SIRT1 that modulates how much energy a cell uses.

"This interplay has far-reaching implications for human illness and aging, and it is likely vital for proper metabolism," said Sassone-Corsi, one of the world's leading researchers on circadian rhythms. The study appears in the July 25 issue of Cell.

Circadian rhythms of 24 hours govern fundamental physiological functions in almost all organisms. The circadian clocks are intrinsic time-tracking systems in our bodies that anticipate environmental changes and adapt themselves to the appropriate time of day.

Disruption of these rhythms can profoundly influence human health and has been linked to metabolic disorders, insomnia, depression, coronary heart diseases and cancer.

It is estimated that up to 15 percent of our genes are regulated by these circadian clocks. Sassone-Corsi identified in 2006 that the protein CLOCK is an essential molecular gear of the circadian machinery.

Now, he and his colleagues have shown that the protein SIRT1 counterbalances the function of CLOCK. Even though SIRT1's function differs from CLOCK's, the two proteins interact, creating a bond that is finely regulated in the cell.

SIRT1 senses energy levels in the cell; its activity is modulated by how many nutrients a cell is consuming. It also helps cells resist oxidative and radiation-induced stress, and for this reason SIRT1 is known to help control the process of aging.

CLOCK and SIRT1 are both part of the epigenome, which consists of proteins existing in connection with a cell's DNA that take external environmental factors and make the cell's genes behave differently, even though those genes do not structurally change.

"When this balance between these two vital proteins is upset, normal cellular function can be disrupted," Sassone-Corsi said. "Because of the role these two enzymes play, changes in our sleep patterns or our diets can directly be translated into how our cells act."

The findings also suggest that proper sleep and diet could help maintain or rebuild the CLOCK-SIRT1 equilibrium and may help explain why lack of proper rest or disruption in our normal sleep patterns is known to increase hunger, which can lead to obesity and related illnesses and can accelerate the aging process.

The specific interaction between CLOCK and SIRT1 also could lead to the development of drugs aimed at facilitating healthy metabolism, thereby helping to solve major social and medical problems such as diabetes and obesity.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Circadian clock controls plant growth hormone
2. Leatherback turtles newly discovered migration route may be roadmap to salvation
3. Surprisingly rapid changes in the Earths core discovered
4. Death, division or cancer? Newly discovered checkpoint process holds the line in cell division
5. New source of heart stem cells discovered
6. Wealth of genomic hotspots discovered in embryonic stem cells
7. Potential therapy discovered for hypophosphatasia, a congenital form of rickets
8. New family of gecko discovered by researchers from the U of Minnesota and Villanova University
9. Key molecule discovered in Venuss atmosphere
10. Diatoms discovered to remove phosphorus from oceans
11. Dwarf cloud rat rediscovered after 112 years
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/19/2016)... 2016 The new GEZE SecuLogic ... web-based "all-in-one" system solution for all door components. It ... the door interface with integration authorization management system, and ... The minimal dimensions of the access control and the ... installations offer considerable freedom of design with regard to ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... 2016 BioCatch ™, the ... announced the appointment of Eyal Goldwerger as ... Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes at a time of ... deployment of its platform at several of the world,s ... discerns unique cognitive and physiological factors, is a winner ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... , March 31, 2016  Genomics firm Nabsys has ... CEO, Barrett Bready , M.D., who returned to ... the original technical leadership team, including Chief Technology Officer, ... Product Development, Steve Nurnberg and Vice President of Software ... the company. Dr. Bready served as CEO ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... Lajollacooks4u has ... and has consistently been rated one of its top attractions. Fortune 500 companies, ... to participate in a unique and intimate team-building experience. , Each event kicks off ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Ankle Plating System 3 and Small ... fractures of the distal tibia and fibula. This system marks Acumed's continued commitment ... is composed of seven plate families that span the lateral, medial, and posterior ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... The American Medical Informatics ... of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) outlining a measurement approach to ... were available when and where it was needed. The organization of health informatics ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... WEDI, the nation’s leading authority on the ... Charles W. Stellar has been named by the WEDI Board of Directors as WEDI’s ... an executive leader with more than 35 years of experience in healthcare, association management ...
Breaking Biology Technology: