Navigation Links
Choline supplementation during pregnancy presents a new approach to schizophrenia prevention
Date:1/15/2013

AURORA, Colo. (Jan. 15, 2013) Choline, an essential nutrient similar to the B vitamin and found in foods such as liver, muscle meats, fish, nuts and eggs, when given as a dietary supplement in the last two trimesters of pregnancy and in early infancy, is showing a lower rate of physiological schizophrenic risk factors in infants 33 days old. The study breaks new ground both in its potentially therapeutic findings and in its strategy to target markers of schizophrenia long before the illness itself actually appears. Choline is also being studied for potential benefits in liver disease, including chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, depression, memory loss, Alzheimer's disease and dementia, and certain types of seizures.

Robert Freedman, MD, professor and chairman of the Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine and one of the study's authors and Editor of The American Journal of Psychiatry, points out, "Genes associated with schizophrenia are common, so prevention has to be applied to the entire population, and it has to be safe. Basic research indicates that choline supplementation during pregnancy facilitates cognitive functioning in offspring. Our finding that it ameliorates some of the pathophysiology associated with risk for schizophrenia now requires longer-term follow-up to assess whether it decreases risk for the later development of illness as well."

Normally, the brain responds fully to an initial clicking sound but inhibits its response to a second click that follows immediately. In schizophrenia patients, deficient inhibition is common and is related to poor sensory filtering and familial transmission of schizophrenia risk. Since schizophrenia does not usually appear until adolescence, this traitmeasurable in infancywas chosen to represent the illness.

Half the healthy pregnant women in this study took 3,600 milligrams of phosphatidylcholine each morning and 2,700 milligrams each evening; the other half took placebo. After delivery, their infants received 100 milligrams of phosphatidylcholine per day or placebo. Eighty-six percent of infants exposed to pre- and postnatal choline supplementation, compared to 43% of unexposed infants, inhibited the response to repeated sounds, as measured with EEG sensors placed on the baby's head during sleep.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jackie Brinkman
jackie.brinkman@ucdenver.edu
303-724-1525
University of Colorado Denver
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. A diet high in choline during pregnancy may mean less stress for baby
2. Vitamin D supplementation can decrease risk of respiratory infections in children
3. Study associates excess maternal iodine supplementation with congenital hypothyroidism in newborns
4. New study associates excess maternal iodine supplementation with congenital hypothyroidism
5. Prenatal micronutrient, food supplementation intervention in Bangladesh decreases child death rate
6. Chromosome anchors organize DNA during cell division
7. Music with dinner: Whales sing during foraging season, not just while breeding
8. Abuse during childhood linked to adult-onset asthma in African-American women
9. Insight into DNA reprogramming during egg and sperm cell development
10. OHSU study shows that a molecule critical to nerve cells increases drammatically during hypertension
11. New risk factor identified for high blood pressure during pregnancy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/14/2017)... (NYSE: IBM ) is introducing several innovative partner startups ... collaboration between startups and global businesses, taking place in ... nine startups will showcase the solutions they have built with ... France is one of the ... percent increase in the number of startups created between 2012 ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... , May 16, 2017   Bridge ... health organizations, and MD EMR Systems , ... development partner for GE, have established a partnership ... Portal product and the GE Centricity™ products, including ... EMR. These new integrations will ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The global military biometrics market ... by the presence of several large global players. The ... major players - 3M Cogent, NEC Corporation, M2SYS Technology, ... 61% of the global military biometric market in 2016. ... military biometrics market boast global presence, which has catapulted ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/28/2017)... ... ... Studies indicate that replacing damaged brain cells with those derived from human embryonic ... not been determined is the optimal stage during differentiation of the stem cells that ... coming out of Singapore, recently published in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine journal may provide ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... ... June 27, 2017 , ... Indiana-based Xylogenics announced today ... and fermentation process. The efficiencies created by the newest strain design will ... the ethanol industry wherein individual production plants are planning to invest upwards of ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... Philadelphia, PA (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2017 , ... ... at its annual Shareholders Meeting on June 9, 2017: Jeremy Nowak, President, J Nowak ... The Science Center also announced the election of Glen N. Gaulton and Kenneth L. ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Academy of ... the University Aviation Association (UAA), the unifying voice for collegiate aviation education, are ... encourage teamwork, competition, and success through a STEM-based education platform. , Much like ...
Breaking Biology Technology: