Navigation Links
Chocolate bar shown to lower cholesterol
Date:4/21/2008

The results of a University of Illinois study have demonstrated an effective way to lower cholesterol levels by eating chocolate bars.

Eating two CocoaVia dark chocolate bars a day not only lowered cholesterol, it had the unexpected effect of also lowering systolic blood pressure, said John Erdman, a U. of I. professor of food science and human nutrition.

The study, funded in part by Mars Inc., the company that makes the bars, was published in this months Journal of Nutrition.

Erdman attributes the drop in cholesterol numbers (total cholesterol by 2 percent and LDL or bad cholesterol by 5.3 percent) to the plant sterols that have been added to the bar and the drop in blood pressure to the flavanols found in dark chocolate.

Erdman says that some people will assume the study is flawed because of Mars funding role.

I know that it was a double-blinded trial that wasnt skewed toward a particular result, said Erdman, who chairs the Mars Scientific Advisory Council. Moreover, the paper was peer-reviewed and published in the Journal of Nutrition, which ranks in the top 10 percent of all the biological science journals. Mars has spent millions of dollars studying the biological impact of the flavanols found in cocoa beans and learning how to retain their benefits during the refining process, Erdman said.

Forty-nine persons with slightly elevated cholesterol and normal blood pressure were recruited for the study. Those chosen for the double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study began the American Heart Associations Eating Plan for Healthy Americans (formerly the Step 1 diet) two weeks before the study started; then they were divided into two matched groups. Two types of CocoaVia bars were then introduced, one with plant sterols and one without.

While remaining on the AHA diet, participants ate one CocoaVia formulation twice daily for four weeks, then switched to the other bar for an additional four weeks. Blood cholesterol levels, blood pressure, body weight, and other cardiovascular measures were tracked throughout the eight-week study.

After the participants started the AHA diet, a lot of them began to lose weight, so we had to keep fussing at them to eat more. We didnt want a weight change because that also lowers cholesterol, said Ellen Evans, a U. of I. professor of kinesiology and community health and co-author of the study.

After starting the CocoaVia bars, we saw a marked differential effect on blood cholesterol, with the sterol-containing products doing better than those without sterols, she said.

A CocoaVia bar contains 100 calories.


'/>"/>
Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@uiuc.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New test could help consumers avoid surprise headaches from chocolate, wine
2. Eat chocolate, drink wine, add fun to life: SLU geriatrician shares secrets of staying young
3. Spaceflight shown to alter ability of bacteria to cause disease
4. DNA methylation shown to promote development of colon tumors
5. Student study bolsters case for adding a rare sunflower to the endangered species list
6. Eating competence may lower risk of heart disease
7. Student study bolsters case for adding a rare sunflower to the endangered species list
8. Recovery from acid rain much slower than expected
9. Folic acid lowers blood arsenic levels, according to Mailman School of Public Health study
10. Study finds that even aloof husbands have lower testosterone levels than unmarried men
11. Folic acid lowers blood arsenic levels in Bangladesh
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/18/2017)... Minn. , Jan. 18, 2017 ... technology company that supports the entire spectrum of ... has been another record-breaking year for the organization ... market interest in MedNet,s eClinical products and services. ... the tremendous marketplace success of iMedNet ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... , Jan. 12, 2017  New research undertaken by ... office of the future.  1,000 participants were simply asked which ... months which we may consider standard issue.  Insights on what ... 2017 were also gathered from futurists and industry leaders including ... James Canton .  Some of ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. , Jan. 11, 2017  Michael Johnson, ... from Foundation Venture Capital Group, Inc., has been named to the ... Johnson, 27,  was one of 600 people in 20 fields ... only four percent of the 15,000 applicants were selected. ... He is currently a PhD ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017   Parent Project ... fight to end Duchenne muscular dystrophy (Duchenne) , ... the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Talem ... exploration of robotic technology to assist people living ... incorporate NJIT,s technology – an embedded computer, software, a ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... Dr. Dante Leven successfully implanted SpineFrontier’s A-CIFT™ Solofuse-P™. The operation took place on ... Valley Stream, NY. The procedure was an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion on ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Announced in December ... Institutes (MII). U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker has announced the award of ... of Defense has announced the award of a new Advanced Regenerative Manufacturing Institute ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Researchers from a new study are stating that if levels of ... cancer treatment, this indicates there is still remaining prostate cancer cells that are more likely ... test has always been an indicator of whether a man’s prostate cancer is growing ...
Breaking Biology Technology: