Navigation Links
'Chlamy' genome holds clues for renewable energy, the environment and human health
Date:10/11/2007

University of Minnesota researchers contributed to a national effort to sequence the genome of an ancient, one-celled organism that will help advance research in a broad range of areas, from biofuels to restoring the environment to understanding a variety of human diseases.

The organism, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, known affectionately as Chlamy, has long fascinated scientists because it is an ancestor of plants and animals that retains characteristics of both. Like green plants, Chlamy (a type of green alga) uses photosynthesis to convert solar energy and carbon dioxide into biomass. And like many animal cells, including human sperm, it has flagella that allow it to swim.

Analysis of the 15,000 genes that make up Chlamys genome revealed hundreds that control photosynthesis and the function of flagella. The genome also provides a glimpse back through time to when all plants and animals were unicellular and used flagella to swim. When they became multicellular, plants put down roots and lost their flagella while animals retained flagella on certain kinds of cells, including sperm and cilia on some cells in the lungs, kidneys and eyes.

Led by the U.S. Department of Energys Joint Genome Institute, the University of California and the Carnegie Institute, the genome study is published in the Oct. 12 issue of Science.

Peter Lefebvre, Carolyn Silflow and Anton Sanderfoot, members of the department of plant biology faculty, were part of the national team of researchers that carried out the massive project. LeFebvre provided the DNA sample that launched the effort and Carolyn Silflow contributed a detailed molecular map that helped the team identify the function of hundreds of genes involved in photosynthesis and the formation of flagella. Students in the College of Biological Sciences also took part in the historic research.

We expect the work to produce new biological strategies for capturing solar energy, assimilating carbon and removing toxins from soil, said Pete Lefebvre, professor of plant biology in the College of Biological Sciences. The genome also holds clues to human diseases that result from defects in flagella and cilia. These include dyskinesia, a neurological movement disorder, and polycystic kidney disease.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Cassutt
cassu003@umn.edu
612-624-8038
University of Minnesota
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Chlamydia parasite lives off our fat
2. Common ancestry of bacterium and plants could be key to an effective new treatment for chlamydia
3. Chlamydia vaccine a step closer to reality
4. Man and mouse share genome structures
5. Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer
6. Affymetrix Unveils Plans to Double Plant and Animal Genome Microarray Offering
7. Whole genome fine map of rice completed
8. Genome-wide mouse study yields link to human leukemia
9. Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA
10. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
11. Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/22/2017)... -- Vigilant Solutions , a vehicle location and ... today the appointment of retired FBI special agent ... development. Mr. Sheridan brings more than 21 ... on the aviation transportation sector, to his new role ... served as the Aviation Liaison Agent Coordinator (ALAC) in ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... March 13, 2017 Future of security: Biometric Face Matching ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match face pictures against each ... to identify individuals. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG,s "Face Matching" is the fastest software for biometric Face Matching on ...
(Date:3/7/2017)... , March 7, 2017   HireVue , ... top global companies identify the best talent, faster, today ... Chief Sales Officer (CSO) and Diana Kucer ... round out a seasoned executive team poised to drive continued ... building on a year of record bookings in 2017. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... Mass. , March 29, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... in applying mechanistic modeling to drug research ... their collaboration with Zymeworks Inc. for quantitative ... conjugate therapeutics intended for the treatment of ... supported Zymeworks previously for GLP toxicology studies ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... for cell-based assays, disperses a quarterly travel award to noteworthy scientists who will ... company announced that its new round of awards are being given to two ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , Mar 29, 2017 Research and ... Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report ... ... a CAGR of around 7.8% over the next decade to reach ... analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for all the given segments ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -  GeneNews Limited ... BreastSentry™ , a new risk stratification test for breast ... lab, Innovative Diagnostics Laboratory ("IDL"). BreastSentry incorporates a blood-based biomarker ... and lifetime risk for developing breast cancer.   ... BreastSentry measures the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: