Navigation Links
'Chlamy' genome holds clues for renewable energy, the environment and human health
Date:10/11/2007

University of Minnesota researchers contributed to a national effort to sequence the genome of an ancient, one-celled organism that will help advance research in a broad range of areas, from biofuels to restoring the environment to understanding a variety of human diseases.

The organism, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, known affectionately as Chlamy, has long fascinated scientists because it is an ancestor of plants and animals that retains characteristics of both. Like green plants, Chlamy (a type of green alga) uses photosynthesis to convert solar energy and carbon dioxide into biomass. And like many animal cells, including human sperm, it has flagella that allow it to swim.

Analysis of the 15,000 genes that make up Chlamys genome revealed hundreds that control photosynthesis and the function of flagella. The genome also provides a glimpse back through time to when all plants and animals were unicellular and used flagella to swim. When they became multicellular, plants put down roots and lost their flagella while animals retained flagella on certain kinds of cells, including sperm and cilia on some cells in the lungs, kidneys and eyes.

Led by the U.S. Department of Energys Joint Genome Institute, the University of California and the Carnegie Institute, the genome study is published in the Oct. 12 issue of Science.

Peter Lefebvre, Carolyn Silflow and Anton Sanderfoot, members of the department of plant biology faculty, were part of the national team of researchers that carried out the massive project. LeFebvre provided the DNA sample that launched the effort and Carolyn Silflow contributed a detailed molecular map that helped the team identify the function of hundreds of genes involved in photosynthesis and the formation of flagella. Students in the College of Biological Sciences also took part in the historic research.

We expect the work to produce new biological strategies for capturing solar energy, assimilating carbon and removing toxins from soil, said Pete Lefebvre, professor of plant biology in the College of Biological Sciences. The genome also holds clues to human diseases that result from defects in flagella and cilia. These include dyskinesia, a neurological movement disorder, and polycystic kidney disease.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Cassutt
cassu003@umn.edu
612-624-8038
University of Minnesota
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Chlamydia parasite lives off our fat
2. Common ancestry of bacterium and plants could be key to an effective new treatment for chlamydia
3. Chlamydia vaccine a step closer to reality
4. Man and mouse share genome structures
5. Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer
6. Affymetrix Unveils Plans to Double Plant and Animal Genome Microarray Offering
7. Whole genome fine map of rice completed
8. Genome-wide mouse study yields link to human leukemia
9. Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA
10. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
11. Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/18/2017)... SUNNYVALE, Calif. , April 18, 2017  Socionext Inc., a ... prototype of a media edge server, the M820, which features the ... face recognition software provided by Tera Probe, Inc., will be showcased ... and at the NAB show at the Las Vegas ... ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 Crossmatch®, ... secure authentication solutions, today announced that it has ... Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to develop next-generation ... program. "Innovation has been a driving ... Thor program will allow us to innovate and ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... 6, 2017 Forecasts by Product ... Readers, by End-Use (Transportation & Logistics, Government & Public ... & Fossil Generation Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business ... Are you looking for a definitive report on ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/17/2017)... ... July 17, 2017 , ... ... that has developed and intends both to manufacture and sell reagents used for ... NASDAQ Capital Market. , Headquartered in Sandy, Utah, Co-Diagnostics’ intellectual property and technologies ...
(Date:7/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... OHAUS Corporation, a leading worldwide manufacturer of ... line of Extreme Environment Shakers today. , Extreme Environment Shakers , OHAUS extreme ... cell growth such as cell cultures, solubility studies and extraction procedures. These shakers ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... Peoria, AZ (PRWEB) , ... July 13, 2017 , ... ... protocol for ailing dental implants into his practice, Mondlick Perio, in the Phoenix ... patients with the world's first and only FDA cleared laser treatment to re-grow bone ...
(Date:7/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 13, 2017 , ... Thousands of ... and August for the National Aeromodeling Championships (Nats). Pilots come to Muncie to compete ... to earn spots on US teams that participate in world championships. , RC Pylon ...
Breaking Biology Technology: