Navigation Links
Chemical engineers at UMass Amherst find high-yield method of making xylene from biomass
Date:4/30/2012

esigned the catalyst. After a series of modifications, the team was able to help enhance the yield of the reaction. He also says additional modification of the process can further boost p-xylene yield and make the process more economically attractive.

"We discovered that the performance of the biomass reaction was strongly affected by the nanostructure of the catalyst, which we were able to optimize and achieve 75-percent yield," Fan says. Computations conducted by the team have been instrumental in understanding the reaction mechanism and the role of the catalyst as well as making alteration to the catalyst to improve the yield of the process.

Besides Dauenhauer and Fan, the research team is made up of UMass Amherst's C. Luke Williams and Chun-Chih Chang, doctoral students in chemical engineering, and their collaborators, professors Raul F. Lobo, Dionisios G. Vlachos and Stavros Caratzoulas, as well as doctoral student Nima Nikbin, and postdoctoral fellow Phuong Do from the University of Delaware.

This discovery is a part of a larger effort by the Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI) to create breakthrough technologies for the production of biofuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. The center is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy as part of the Energy Frontiers Research Center (EFRC) program which combines more than 20 faculty members with complimentary research skills to collaborate on solving the world's most pressing energy challenges.

The discovery for the production of plastics adds another dimension to the portfolio of accomplishments of CCEI. In 2010, a CCEI research team led by Mark Davis of Caltech discovered a new catalyst, called Tin-Beta, which can convert glucose into fructose. This is the first step in the production of a large number of targeted products including biofuels and biochemicals, including p-xylene, from the building block of cellulose, the major constituent of trees and swi
'/>"/>

Contact: Paul J. Dauenhauer
dauenhauer@ecs.umass.edu
413-545-2819
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Chemical equator discovery will aid pollution mapping
2. Researcher working on destruction of chemical weapons
3. Argonne scientists peer into heart of compound that may detect chemical, biological weapons
4. American Chemical Societys Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 24, 2008
5. A major prize in the chemical sciences announced by the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation
6. American Chemical Societys Weekly PressPac
7. American Chemical Society Weekly PressPac Oct. 15, 2008
8. UC Davis chemical ecologist wins major award
9. Sniffing out a better chemical sensor
10. Simple chemical procedure augments therapeutic potential of stem cells
11. Researchers use chemical from medicinal plants to fight HIV
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014  Automation is fundamentally transforming the travel ... at international borders. Over the past decade, ePassports, ... veteran travelers to self process through border control ... at an increasing number of airports, seaports, and ... According to Maxine Most , Principal at ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... WINSTON SALEM, N.C. , Dec. 10, 2014  That ... known for quite a while. Hypertension – the medical term ... disease in the early 1800s, and the inflatable cuff that,s ... That doesn,t, however, mean there,s nothing new about hypertension, ... punctured some long-held beliefs about the condition and the best ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... N.C. , Dec. 9, 2014  Wake Forest Baptist ... education building for its School of Medicine. Funding for ... larger capital campaign that will be publicly launched next ... be located in the former 60 series R.J. Reynolds ... Innovation Quarter. Construction will begin immediately with plans to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 3Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 4Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4
... children with cerebral palsy is crucial to improve ... in sitting balance between children with cerebral palsy ... balance between children with diplegic and hemiplegic cerebral ... Laboratory of Human Motor Control, Faculty of Health ...
... batteries to flat-screen televisions, rely on materials known as rare ... are reporting development of a new method to recycle them ... in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces , ... industry. Zhang Lin and colleagues point out that ...
... the change of the seasons. After a winter pause, plants ... a new correlation to light: The colder the winter, the ... can be expected as the climate changes, the spring development ... giving an advantage to shrubs and invasive trees that ...
Cached Biology News:Recycling valuable materials used in TVs, car batteries, cell phones 2Warm winters let trees sleep longer 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Gene ... that it has entered into a technology access ... (ADM) to apply DNA2.0’s proprietary protein engineering technology, ... process. , “We are extremely excited that the ... platform. This proprietary bioengineering technology has now ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , Dec. 17, ... positive results of a Phase 2 study evaluating ... for the treatment of patients with severe, chronic ... the current standard of care, including topical steroids ... endpoint was percent change in Visual Analog Scale ...
(Date:12/15/2014)...  GlassesOff Inc. (OTCBB: GLSO) announced today the appointment ... director of the Company,s Board of Directors. ... its CEO until its acquisition by Stanley Black ... Recognized as the inventor of the first Wi-Fi-based Active ... -based RFID solutions focused on improving operational efficiency, safety ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... (PRWEB) December 12, 2014 Clarassance, a ... announced its new name: Therabron Therapeutics , Inc. ... and bronchioles (a type of structure in the lungs ... company’s mission to develop novel protein therapeutics for the ... directors decided to change the name to mark the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ADM and DNA2.0 Enter Into Protein Engineering Technology Access and Service Agreement 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 2AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 3Maryland-based Biotech Company's Path Forward in Treating Respiratory Diseases Sparks Name Change 2
... Health-focused social networks,blogs, wikis and community sites ... can be their biggest opportunities. A marketing,executive ... increasing,importance of reputation monitoring and management in ... Generated Content and Enhancing its Impact,on Your ...
... EASTON, Mass., Dec. 11 Pressure BioSciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... Omni International ("Omni") today announced that they have entered ... Under the terms of the Agreement, the companies will: ... competitive information; (2) co-promote certain products at industry trade ...
... adults may be familiar with the,tetanus and diphtheria booster ... a booster shot that protects adolescents and adults from,whooping ... Listen to this report from ... Registered journalists can access video, audio, text, ...
Cached Biology Technology:Exclusive Conference on Managing Your Online Brand: Shaping the Noise from the Blogosphere 2Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 2Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 3Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 4Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 5
... Microarrays designed for DNA aptamer screening and ... and powerful Paraflo microfluidic on-chip synthesis platform. ... our comprehensive DNA/RNA Aptamer Microarray Service. ... Aptamer Microarray contains greater than 1500 known ...
... Microarrays designed for DNA aptamer screening and ... and powerful Paraflo microfluidic on-chip synthesis platform. ... synthesized on-chip and LC Sciences can provide ... are available as part of our comprehensive ...
... glutathione-S-transferase (GST) is commonly used as a ... coli (1). The GSTTag sequence has been ... some cases the solubility of its fusion ... folded form, GSTTag fusion proteins can be ...
... for the use of small interfering RNA ... the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway have generated ... biology fields. siRNA for experimental use can ... enzymatically, and then transfected into the target ...
Biology Products: