Navigation Links
Challenges for biofuels: New life cycle assessment report from Energy Biosciences Institute
Date:2/9/2011

Peter Berck, Maximilian Auffhammer, Tim Lipman, Margaret Torn, Eric Masanet, Agnes Lobscheid, Nicholas Santero, Umakant Mishra, Audrey Barrett, Matt Bomberg, Kevin Fingerman, Corinne Scown, Bret Strogen and Arpad Horvath. McKone and Horvath are the co-leaders of EBI's Life-Cycle Assessment Program.

A life-cycle assessment (LCA) is typically used to evaluate the potential impact of a product or activity on human health and the environment over the entire cradle-to-grave life cycle of that product or activity. In applying the LCA approach to advanced biofuels, McKone, Horvath and their co-authors identified the following seven grand challenges.

  • Understanding farmers, feedstock options, and land use Biomass production for biofuels could displace existing products from land currently used for food, forage and fiber, which could increase the price of these goods in global markets. It could also induce deforestation that would exacerbate global climate change.

  • Predicting biofuel production technologies and practices - Many options exist for biofuel production processes and final products. Much of the variability among LCA results for biofuels arises from lack of knowledge about how these different possible production and operation processes will evolve.

  • Characterizing tailpipe emissions and their health consequences - Credible and reliable impact estimates for biofuel combustion are needed, but few studies of the health impacts from transportation fuel use have extended beyond air pollutants. Those that included an explicit metric for health damages emphasized mortality rather than morbidity and the overall disease burden.

  • Incorporating spatial heterogeneity in inventories and assessments - The health consequences of pollutant emissions vary depending upon where the pollutant is released, with factors such as proximity to large populations looming large. Geographical variability also influences other
    '/>"/>

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Barcelona Declaration 2008: Challenges and Pathways to Earth Sustainability
2. Research challenges conventional notions about salmon survival
3. Siblings of mentally disabled face own lifelong challenges, according to researchers
4. First-ever socioeconomic study on coral reefs points to challenges of coastal resource management
5. Experts discuss challenges in integrative approaches to science
6. Y chromosome and surname study challenges infidelity myth
7. Climate change: Global risks, challenges and decisions
8. Major international study challenges notions of how genes are controlled in mammals
9. SRI International receives $100,000 Grand Challenges Explorations grant
10. The challenges of avian influenza virus: Mechanism, epidemiology and control
11. 2000-year-old statue of an athlete sheds light on corrosion and other modern challenges
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Challenges for biofuels: New life cycle assessment report from Energy Biosciences Institute
(Date:11/21/2014)... -- According to a new market research ... Access Control, Intrusion Detection, Parking Management, Under Vehicle Inspection), ... Geography - Global Forecasts to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... around $25 Billion in 2014 and is expected to ... of 8.69%. Browse 116 market data Tables ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... 2014  Earlier this year Donald Spector , ... one of the most prolific inventors in the world, ... from Smartphones to third party agencies. Spector envisioned this ... of the earliest known patents in this area. Now ... military, child care, elder care and hospital applications. This ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... , Nov. 20, 2014 Strict laws ... efficiency are piloting the North American and European automotive ... accidents growing, gesture recognition systems that are intuitive and ... mark in the industry. New analysis ... Gesture Recognition Market in Europe ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Industrial Security Systems Market Worth $38 Billion by 2020 2Industrial Security Systems Market Worth $38 Billion by 2020 3Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 2Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 3Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 4Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 4
... Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory today announced that Prof. Madhav ... Michael Distinguished Scholar. The George A. Michael Distinguished ... the opportunity to spend significant time carrying out research ... Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The intent of the scholarship ...
... believed that a relationship exists between how much biomass plant species ... from a 1970s study that showed as plant biomass produced ... number of plant species referred to as plant richness - ... is thought to decline. When plotted on a graph, the ...
... will begin gathering in the Indian Ocean next month, ... tools to study how tropical weather brews there and ... the globe. The six-month field campaign, known as ... improve long-range weather forecasts and seasonal outlooks and enable ...
Cached Biology News:New approach challenges old ideas about plant species and biomass 2Scientists probe Indian Ocean for clues to worldwide weather patterns 2Scientists probe Indian Ocean for clues to worldwide weather patterns 3Scientists probe Indian Ocean for clues to worldwide weather patterns 4Scientists probe Indian Ocean for clues to worldwide weather patterns 5
(Date:11/26/2014)... , Nov. 26, 2014 The announced ... indicate the company is looking to expand in non-healthcare ... sales.  The healthcare market research firm says that  Siemens ... Kalorama Information,s biennial survey of the IVD market , ... any change in its composition would likely affect IVD ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... November 26, 2014 The ETC ... award-winning technology innovation centers, announced today that applications ... on December 1st. “Do you have a big ... I want to know about it. AccelerateBaltimore helps ... to product in just 13 weeks.” Interested ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... 25, 2014 Silicon Valley Electronic Data ... RPM Alliance , provider of clinical research and ... the latest addition to its CRO Partnership Program, Clinovo ... system to India. , “We have found Clinovo’s ... customizable EDC platform which is both user friendly and ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... (PRWEB) November 25, 2014 Miles Holder, ... joined the Graphel Carbon Products team as Sales/Marketing Manager. ... marketing, and customer service for the graphite industry. , ... to our team,” stated Dave Trinkley, VP of Market ... wide range of experience in the graphite industry, along ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Kalorama: Sale of Three Siemens Healthcare Units Raises Questions About Firm's IVD Future 2AccelerateBaltimore Applications to Close in 6 Days 2AccelerateBaltimore Applications to Close in 6 Days 3RPM Alliance Joins Clinovo’s CRO Partnership Program, Further Strengthening Its Presence in Southern California and India 2Miles Holder Joins Graphel Corporation as Sales/Marketing Manager 2
... 16, 2012  UV Flu Technologies, Inc. (OTCBB: ... has signed a television joint venture agreement with Stardust ... of a 60 second commercial, along with a 10 ... nationally, on a variety of television networks, including Comcast ...
... R.I., May 16, 2012  MultiCell Technologies, Inc. (OTC ... to announce representatives from the Company will present ... CIMT 2012 ( http://meeting.cimt.eu ), Europe,s largest meeting ... 2012 will be held in May 23-25 in ...
... 15, 2012 Reportlinker.com announces that ... available in its catalogue: , ... and Market Forecast to 2019 ... Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment ...
Cached Biology Technology:UV Flu Technologies to Commence a National TV Advertising Campaign 2UV Flu Technologies to Commence a National TV Advertising Campaign 3MultiCell Technologies Announces Positive Preclinical Results for MCT-465 and MCT-485 in Primary Liver Cancer In Vitro Models 2MultiCell Technologies Announces Positive Preclinical Results for MCT-465 and MCT-485 in Primary Liver Cancer In Vitro Models 3MultiCell Technologies Announces Positive Preclinical Results for MCT-465 and MCT-485 in Primary Liver Cancer In Vitro Models 4MultiCell Technologies Announces Positive Preclinical Results for MCT-465 and MCT-485 in Primary Liver Cancer In Vitro Models 5Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 2Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 3Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 4Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 5Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 6Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 7Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 8Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 9Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Therapeutics - Pipeline Assessment and Market Forecast to 2019 10