Navigation Links
Center to investigate plant cells for better biomass fuels
Date:4/29/2009

Cutting edge approaches and methodology employed by plant and molecular biologists, chemists, physicists, material scientists, computational modelers and engineers will be applied to plant cells in the newly funded Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation, a Department of Energy, Energy Frontier Research Center at Penn State.

The DOE plans to fund the Center for $21 million over five years. Daniel J. Cosgrove, professor of biology, will direct the Center in its efforts to increase our knowledge of the physical structure of the biopolymers in plant cell walls and improve methods for converting plant biomass into fuel. The funding for this center is contained in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

The Lignocellulose Center is one of 46 EFRC centers formed nationwide by the DOE to address fundamental issues in fields ranging from solar energy and electric storage to materials sciences, biofuels and carbon capture and sequestration. The Center has planned collaboration with researchers at North Carolina State University and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

"The biggest solar collectors on Earth are plants, which use sunlight to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide into complex structural materials like cellulose and lignin," said Cosgrove. "These make up wood, paper, cotton and many other everyday materials and globally represent a huge untapped reserve of biorenewable energy. Our new center will try to pry loose the secrets of how these molecules interact to form these substances that have so many practical uses as an energy source and a material."

Nanoscale investigations into the physical structure of lignocellulose -- the part of plants composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin --will reveal the rules and principles behind the plant's manufacture of this bio-polymer. Researchers will be looking for the "rules of assembly" for the plant wall. These include cellulose synthesis, lignocellulose assembly and the relationship between nanoscale structure and macroscale properties including porosity and plant cell wall mechanics.

Penn State also has researchers participating in three other EFRCs: Computational Catalysis and Atomic-Level Synthesis of Materials: Building Effective Catalysts from First Principles, Louisiana State University; Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy, University of Massachusetts, and Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.


'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Georgia Tech/Emory Center to study origin of life
2. Woods Hole Research Center to lead undergraduate initiative in the Siberian Arctic
3. $10 million gift to support cutting-edge epigenome center at USC
4. 3 Columbia University Medical Center faculty elected to Institute of Medicine
5. NHGRI funds new Centers for Excellence in Ethical, Legal and Social Implications Research
6. NYUs Center for Genomics & Systems Biology receives $4.4 million NSF grant
7. Monsanto expands sponsorship for Peking-Yale Joint Agrobiotechnology Center
8. Woods Hole Research Center debuts new image mosaic that will strengthen global forest monitoring
9. DFG to establish 10 new collaborative research centers
10. Ireland Cancer Center researchers advance stem cell gene therapy
11. Manomet Center awarded major NFWF grant to foster shorebird conservation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2016)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Jan. 20, 2016 ... leading developer of human interface solutions, today announced ... touch controller solution for wearables and small screen ... appliances such as printers. Supporting round and rectangular ... the S1423 offers excellent performance with moisture on ...
(Date:1/13/2016)... , January 13, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "India ... Estimation & Forecast (2015-2020)"  report ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7h6hnn/india_biometrics ) has announced the addition ... Identification Market - Estimation & Forecast ...
(Date:1/8/2016)... Connecticut , January 8, 2016 ... m-commerce market and WorldVentures ® , a privately held ... and an Inc. 5000 fastest-growing company announced ... strategic investment of $2 million in Nxt-ID to develop ... based on Nxt-ID,s Wocket ® , a unique smart ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Bulk food product inspection systems are specifically ... of the production process. Despite frequently inspecting loose product prior to packaging, product ... as sacks of dry powders. , Mettler-Toledo Product Inspection's brand-new white paper entitled ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... (NYSE MKT: NNVC) (the "Company"), a nanomedicine company developing anti-viral drugs, ... present information about the company,s programs at the BIOCEO conference today ... City . --> --> ... Registered attendees can request a one on one meeting through the conference ... --> New York City . --> ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) announced today that its new website ... pharmacy resource–user-centric, story-driven, knowledge-based and mobile-friendly. Visit the ... ... ... "The goal was to ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... The Center for Excellence in Education (CEE) will ... teachers on Wednesday February 10, 2016. This Bite of Science session, hosted by ... located at 1500 Remount Road in Front Royal, VA from 5:00 p.m. to 8:00 ...
Breaking Biology Technology: