Navigation Links
Cells get sprayed
Date:1/18/2008

This release is also available in German.

Genetically engineered products have become indispensable. For example, genetically modified bacteria produce human insulin. In future, gene therapy should make it possible to introduce genes into the cells of a diseased organism so that they can address deficiencies to compensate for malfunctions in the body. In order for this to work, foreign (or synthetic) DNA must be introduced into host cells, which is not exactly a trivial task. Japanese researchers have now developed a method which could represent a true alternative to conventional processes. As described in the journal Angewandte Chemie, the cells are bombarded with water droplets produced and accelerated by electrospray.

There are several methods to transfer DNA into a host cell. In the simplest case the foreign DNA forces its way into the cell through a cell membrane that has been made porous, through treatment with electrical current or UV lasers, for example. Viruses and liposomes can be used as genetic transporters and the genetic material can be injected or shot into the cell with a particle gun. These methods all have the disadvantage of either severely damaging delicate cells or of being markedly expensive and complicated.

A team at the Saitama University led by Takafumi Sakai, in cooperation with Kazuto Ikemoto (Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company), has now developed a methodology that could provide an alternative: They bombard the cells with tiny electrically charged water droplets. The droplets tear tiny holes in the cell membranes, through which external DNA molecules can enter. After about one minute, the holes have closed back up and even delicate cells survive the procedure undamaged.

This method is based on a technique called electrospray, which has long been used with success, particularly in mass spectrometry. In this process, the tip of an extremely fine steel capillary is put under a high voltage. A highly charged drop of water exits the capillary and is atomized into many micro- or nanoscopic droplets. These charged microdroplets are strongly accelerated in an electrical fieldtoward the plate holding the cell culture.

The advantage of this new method: It is suitable for a large variety of cell typesmammalian cell cultures and bacteria, as well as living tissue, as was demonstrated with bird embryos. No cytotoxic reagents that could damage the cells are needed; only pure water or a cell-tolerated saline solution are used. An entire plate of cell cultures can be sprayed bit by bit, or a specific point on some tissue can be targeted. The equipment needed is simple, inexpensive, and portable.


'/>"/>

Contact: Takafumi Sakai
tsakai@mail.saitama-u.ac.jp
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. USC researchers identify mechanism that controls activation of stem cells during hair regeneration
2. Penn engineers create carbon nanopipettes that are smaller than cells and measure electric current
3. Type 1 diabetes triggered by lazy regulatory T-cells: McGill researchers
4. CSHL scientists identify cells that promote formation of lethal lung metastases
5. Breast cancer cells have to learn to walk before they can run
6. Lung cancer cells survival gene seen as drug target
7. Cornell researcher seeks clues to how tuberculosis infects cells
8. UC Irvine scientists find new way to sort stem cells
9. Bacteria that cause urinary tract infections invade bladder cells
10. CSHL scientists identify and repress breast cancer stem cells in mouse tissue
11. How molecular muscles help cells divide
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/15/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has ... Market 2016-2020,"  report to their offering.  , ... ,The global gait biometrics market is expected to ... period 2016-2020. Gait analysis generates multiple ... used to compute factors that are not or ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... 31, 2016   ... the "Company") LegacyXChange is excited to release ... soon to be launched online site for trading 100% ... ) will also provide potential shareholders a sense of ... to an industry that is notorious for fraud. The ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... WAKEFIELD, Massachusetts , March 23, 2016 ... kombiniert im Interesse erhöhter Sicherheit Gesichts- und ... Xura, Inc. (NASDAQ: MESG ... heute bekannt, dass das Unternehmen mit SpeechPro ... insbesondere aus der Finanzdienstleistungsbranche, wird die Möglichkeit ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... , ... Last week, Callan Capital, an integrated wealth management firm specializing in ... San Diego Life Science event at the Estancia La Jolla Resort and Spa. , ... speakers Dr. Rich Heyman, former CEO of Aragon and Seragon, and Faheem Hasnain, former ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... 2016 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ... its Board of Directors has approved the payment of a ... 2016. The cash dividend of $0.24 per ... to stockholders of record as of the close of business ... to approval of the Board of Directors and may be ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... 23, 2016 , ... Foresight Institute , a leading ... for the 2015 Foresight Institute Feynman Prizes. , These prestigious prizes, named ... for experiment and the other for theory in nanotechnology. Prof. Markus J. Buehler, ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... Korean researchers say Manumycin A triggers apoptosis, or ... way to treat the disease. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article on the ... Korean institutions based their mesothelioma study on the fact the Manumycin A, a derivative ...
Breaking Biology Technology: