Navigation Links
Cell binding discovery brings hope to those with skin and heart problems
Date:1/20/2011

A University of Manchester scientist has revealed the mechanism that binds skin cells tightly together, which he believes will lead to new treatments for painful and debilitating skin diseases and also lethal heart defects.

Professor David Garrod, in the Faculty of Life Sciences, has found that the glue molecules bind only to similar glue molecules on other cells, making a very tough, resilient structure. Further investigation on why the molecules bind so specifically could lead to the development of clinical applications.

Professor Garrod, whose Medical Research Council-funded work is paper of the week in the Journal of Biological Chemistry (JBC) tomorrow (Friday), said: "Our skin is made up of three different layers, the outermost of which is the epidermis. This layer is only about 1/10th of a millimetre thick yet it is tough enough to protect us from the outside environment and withstand the wear and tear of everyday life.

"One reason our epidermis can do this is because its cells are very strongly bound together by tiny structures called desmosomes, sometimes likened to rivets. We know that people who have defects in their desmosomes have problems with their epidermis and get extremely unpleasant skin diseases. Understanding how desmosomes function is essential for developing better treatments for these and other types of skin disease and for non-healing wounds.

"Desmosomes are also extremely important in locking together the muscle cells of the heart, and hearts where desmosomes are defective can fail catastrophically, causing sudden death in young people.

Hence our findings may also be relevant in the heart and in developing new treatments for heart disease."

ProfessorGarrod and his team, Zhuxiang Nie, Anita Merritt, Mansour Rouhi and Lydia Tabernero, used chemical cross-linking to study cells of the epidermis and found what they believe to be the principal mechanism by which the glue molecules of desmosomes of skin cells bind to each other.

"For reasons that we do not fully understand there are several different but closely-related glue molecules within each desmosome," he explained.

"Our results show that each glue molecule on one cell binds primarily to another of the same type on the neighbouring cell, meaning the binding is highly specific. This was very surprising because previous studies using different techniques had not been able to give such a clear answer on the specificity of binding."

He added: "Our result suggests that this type of specific binding is of fundamental importance in locking together cells of the epidermis into a tough, resilient structure. It is an important step forward in our research, which aims to develop better treatments for non-healing wounds, other skin diseases and heart problems. We could do this if we understood how to make medicines that would lock or unlock the desmosomes as required."


'/>"/>

Contact: Aeron Haworth
aeron.haworth@manchester.ac.uk
44-161-275-8383
University of Manchester
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Single-stranded DNA-binding protein is dynamic, critical to DNA repair
2. Novel antitoxin strategy developed using tagged binding agents
3. Direct observation of carbon monoxide binding to metal-porphyrines
4. Chemical equator discovery will aid pollution mapping
5. Sirtris review of sirtuin therapeutics for diseases of aging in Nature Reviews Drug Discovery
6. Groundbreaking discovery may lead to stronger antibiotics
7. Discovery of natural compounds that could slow blood vessel growth
8. Nanoscopic screening process to speed drug discovery
9. FSU researchers discovery leads to $1.5 million grant, potential new treatment of liver fibrosis
10. New $11 million center to speed production of new compounds for drug discovery
11. Discovery of giant roaming deep sea protist provides new perspective on animal evolution
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/7/2017)... LAKE CITY , March 7, 2017   ... that help top global companies identify the best talent, ... as Chief Sales Officer (CSO) and Diana ... Kucer,s appointments round out a seasoned executive team poised to ... and beyond, building on a year of record bookings ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... Summary This report provides all ... and its partnering interests and activities since 2010. ... The Partnering Deals and Alliance since 2010 report provides ... of the world,s leading life sciences companies. ... ensure inclusion of the most up to date deal ...
(Date:3/1/2017)... , March 1, 2017  Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE), ... that Richard P. Moberg has resigned, effective ... and Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of Aware citing ... serve as a member of the Board of Directors ... Aware,s co-Chief Executive Officer and co-President, General Counsel has ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/28/2017)... NEW YORK , March 28, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... a highly volatile and unpredictable sector due to ... space. Markets served include medical, agricultural, environmental, and ... these four stocks: Portola Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: PTLA), ... OCRX), and Ocular Therapeutix Inc. (NASDAQ: ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... N.J. , March 27, 2017 Roka Bioscience, ... advanced testing solutions for the detection of foodborne pathogens,  today ... the Sidoti & Company Spring 2017 Convention on March 29 ... New York Marriott Marquis. About Roka Bioscience ... ...
(Date:3/27/2017)...  The global market for clinical laboratory services ... new report from Kalorama Information.  In addition to ... evaluate disease progression, monitor drug treatment and conditions, ... healthcare market research firm,s report, Clinical ... of the medical laboratory industry and the trends ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... March 27, 2017  Trovagene, Inc. (NASDAQ: TROV), a ... Executive Officer, Bill Welch , will be presenting ... at 9:00 AM EDT at the Essex House in ... and Chief Scientific Officer, Mark Erlander , Ph.D., ... the conference.   The presentation will be webcast ...
Breaking Biology Technology: