Navigation Links
Catalyzing new uses for diesel by-products
Date:1/26/2012

A new catalytic process discovered at Cardiff University could unleash a range of useful new by-products from diesel fuel production.

More sustainable production of sulphur-free diesel from natural gas and biomass is increasing. However the by-products, hydrocarbons like decane and other low value alkanes have little practical use.

Now a discovery at the University's Cardiff Catalysis Institute has found a potential route for upgrading these by-products into more useful chemicals.

In the past, synthetic reactions starting from alkanes like decane have been fraught with difficulty. They tend either to over-dehydrogenate or to combust, depending on whether oxygen is present in the reaction. Now the Institute, part of the University's School of Chemistry has reported the use of a mixed-metal catalyst to convert decane to a range of oxygenated aromatics.

The breakthrough, published in Nature Chemistry, came when the team fed a gas mixture of decane and air through an iron molybdate catalyst. At higher temperatures, the reaction formed water and decene, which is used in the production of detergents. At lower temperatures, however, the reaction took a different route to create oxygenated aromatic molecules. These included phthalic anhydride, used in the dyeing industry, and coumarin which helps in the production of anti-coagulant drugs.

Professor Stan Golunski, a member of the Institute team behind the discovery said: "This discovery breaks new ground as it implies the involvement of oxygen that has not yet made the full transition from its molecular form to its ionic form. This overturns a widely-held view that this type of oxygen was too reactive to form anything other than carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in reactions with hydrocarbons."

"While the increased production of sulphur-free diesel has been a positive move, the glut of low value by-products will become a problem. We hope our new process will lead to less waste and the creation of more useful chemicals for a range of industries."


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephen Rouse
RouseS@cardiff.ac.uk
44-290-208-75596
Cardiff University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New research: Are global honey bee declines caused by diesel pollution?
2. JBEI identify new advanced biofuel as an alternative to diesel fuel
3. Processes for obtaining ecological compound that can optimize biodiesel enhanced
4. European Commission Funds Global Project to Produce Ethanol, Biodiesel and Bioproducts From Algae
5. Economics, physics are roadblocks for mass-scale algae biodiesel production, study finds
6. University of Houston wins $1 million EPA grant to test diesel technology on buses
7. The green machine: Algae clean wastewater, convert to biodiesel
8. NextCAT Inc. secures $250,000 to commercialize biodiesel technology developed at Wayne State
9. Team of chemists produces biodiesel at their university, using used cooking oil as a basis
10. Brown University chemists simplify biodiesel conversion
11. Rutgers-Camden professor engineers E. coli to produce biodiesel
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/12/2017)... and PUNE, India , January 12, 2017 ... Forecasts, 2015 - 2022," projects that the global biometric technology market is expected to ... 2016 to 2022. Continue Reading ... ...      ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... JOLLA, Calif. , Jan. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... 1 safety studies in healthy volunteers of a ... intended to treat acute pancreatitis. ... is typically a mild disorder, but can be ... organ failure and sepsis, where extended hospital stays, ...
(Date:1/4/2017)... LAS VEGAS , Jan. 4, 2017  For the thousands of ... , a global leader in connected health and biometric measurement devices and ... pressure monitors. On display in A&D Medical,s special CES ... monitors represent the ongoing expansion of the company,s WellnessConnected product ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... FireflySci Inc. is a go-getter type of company ... is accounted to two main factors. The first is the amazing customer service ... supplying FireflySci products all around the world. , 2016 was a tremendous sales year ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017 BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) ... today that it will host a live webcast of its Annual ... (ET). The webcast can be accessed from the ... replay through Tuesday, January 31, 2017. ... About BD BD is a global ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... 18, 2017   Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (PPMD) ... Duchenne muscular dystrophy (Duchenne) , today announced a ... Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Talem Technologies (Talem) as ... technology to assist people living with Duchenne. PPMD ... – an embedded computer, software, a force sensor and ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... MYOLYN, which creates medical technology for people ... to the FDA, requesting clearance of the MyoCycle Home and the MyoCycle Pro ... , The submission marks a major milestone for the technology startup. MYOLYN spun ...
Breaking Biology Technology: