Navigation Links
Carbon sponge could soak up coal emissions
Date:2/12/2013

Emissions from coal power stations could be drastically reduced by a new, energy-efficient material that adsorbs large amounts of carbon dioxide, then releases it when exposed to sunlight.

In a study published today in Angewandte Chemie, Monash University and CSIRO scientists for the first time discovered a photosensitive metal organic framework (MOF) - a class of materials known for their exceptional capacity to store gases. This has created a powerful and cost-effective new tool to capture and store, or potentially recycle, carbon dioxide.

By utilising sunlight to release the stored carbon, the new material overcomes the problems of expense and inefficiency associated with current, energy-intensive methods of carbon capture. Current technologies use liquid capture materials that are then heated in a prolonged process to release the carbon dioxide for storage.

Associate Professor Bradley Ladewig of the Monash Department of Chemical Engineering said the MOF was an exciting development in emissions reduction technology.

"For the first time, this has opened up the opportunity to design carbon capture systems that use sunlight to trigger the release of carbon dioxide," Associate Professor Ladewig said.

"This is a step-change in carbon capture technologies."

A promising and novel class of materials, MOFs are clusters of metal atoms connected by organic molecules. Due to their extremely high internal surface area - that could cover an entire football field in a single gram - they can store large volumes of gas.

PhD student Richelle Lyndon and lead author of the paper said the technology, known as dynamic photo-switching was accomplished using light-sensitive azobenzene molecules.

"The MOF can release the adsorbed carbon dioxide when irradiated with light found in sunlight, just like wringing out a sponge," Ms Lyndon said.

"The MOF we discovered had a particular affinity for carbon dioxide. However, the light responsive molecules could potentially be combined with other MOFs, making the capture and release technology appropriate for other gases."

The researchers, led by Professor Matthew Hill of CSIRO, will now optimise the material to increase the efficiency of carbon dioxide to levels suitable for an industrial environment.


'/>"/>
Contact: Emily Walker
emily.walker@monash.edu
61-399-034-844
Monash University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Predicting a low carbon future for Toronto
2. New protocol recommendations for measuring soil organic carbon sequestration
3. Chemistry resolves toxic concerns about carbon nanotubes
4. New online tool estimates carbon and energy impact of trees
5. The dark side of kerosene lamps: High black-carbon emissions
6. Carbon nanotubes lower nerve-damaging chloride in cells
7. Study IDs kerosene lamps as big source of black carbon
8. NIST study suggests carbon nanotubes may protect DNA from oxidation
9. New low carbon TINA reports
10. £39 million for UK energy efficiency research to cut carbon use
11. Carbon dioxide our salvation from a future ice age?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/28/2017)... 2017   Acuant , a leading provider of ... enhancements to new and core technologies building upon the ... mobile and desktop Acuant FRM TM facial recognition ... real time manual review of identity documents by accredited ... fastest and most accurate capture software to streamline workflows ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... , Feb. 27, 2017   Strategic Cyber ... announced it has led a $3.5 million investment in  ... platform. Strategic Cyber Ventures is DC based and is ... Hank Thomas . Ron Gula , also ... Ventures, also participated in this series A round of ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Feb. 22, 2017 With the biometrics ... Research identifies four technologies that innovative and agile ... significant share in the changing competitive landscape: multifactor ... authentication.   "Companies can no longer ... security," says Dimitrios Pavlakis , Industry Analyst ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 21, 2017 , ... Proper glycosylation ... on the desired increase and/or decrease in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity or complement-dependent cytotoxicity, ... of therapeutic antibodies. , To meet this demand, the team at SCIEX ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , ... March 21, 2017 , ... The Conference Forum ... (CMO Summit) to be held on May 10-11, 2017, at the Colonnade Hotel in ... specifically for Chief Medical Officer peer-to-peer learning, benchmarking and support. , “The Chief Medical ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) strongly opposes the ... published fiscal year 2018 budget request. , This proposal calls for ... or roughly 20% of its total budget. If applied proportionally across NIH, funding for ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017  Personal Genome ... its cancer testing contract with the U.S. Department ... tumor profiling assay with the company,s new CancerSELECT ... comprehensive, clinically actionable pan-cancer profiling test that includes ... assess potential patient response to checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapies. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: