Navigation Links
Cancer signatures uncovered
Date:8/15/2008

A new systematic analysis of the relationship between the neoplastic and developmental transcriptome provides an outline of trends in cancer gene expression. The research, published recently in BioMed Central's open access journal Genome Biology, describes how cancers can be divided into three groups distinguished by disparate developmental signatures.

Isaac S Kohane from Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard University, US, led a team of researchers who performed a comprehensive comparison of genes expressed in early developmental stages of various human tissues and those expressed in different cancers affecting these tissues. He says, "Our study reveals potentially clinically relevant differences in the gene expression of different cancer types and represents a reference framework for interpretation of smaller-scale functional studies".

One of the three described groups of cancers has an early developmental phenotype and expresses genes that are characteristic of stem cells. From a developmental perspective, this group presents very homogeneously. A second, more heterogeneous group tends to be more similar to late development and is characterized by an inflammatory signature. The third is a small group of cancers that present as a transition phenotype between these two extremes and displays both characteristics.

According to Kohane, "This segregation of tumors into three groups with distinct expression patterns is surprising. Clearly, the developmental trajectory provides a meaningful background for capturing large-scale differences in gene expression across diverse conditions".

The study's results will lead towards a better understanding of human disease from a 'macrobiological' approach to analyzing high-throughput data. According to the authors, "Shifting our focus from single sets of genes or processes to the biology of aggregates on the order of the entire transcriptome is likely to be useful in establishing highly robust molecular correlations between seemingly unrelated disease phenotypes".


'/>"/>
Contact: Graeme Baldwin
graeme.baldwin@biomedcentral.com
44-020-707-94804
BioMed Central
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Slipping through cell walls, nanotubes deliver high-potency punch to cancer tumors in mice
2. Scientists discover major genetic cause of colorectal cancer
3. Commercialization aim of grant supporting technology that destroys cancer cells
4. Experimental chemotherapy regimen shows promise in treating advanced lung cancer
5. Monash researchers uncover cancer survival secrets
6. Researchers find cancer-inhibiting compound under the sea
7. Pre-cancerous condition linked to chronic acid reflux faces several hurdles
8. Exposure to Agent Orange linked to prostate cancer in Vietnam veterans
9. Cold Spring Harbor Protocols highlights gene silencing, cancer cell biology methods
10. Plasma DNA level is a reliable marker of recurrent esophageal cancer, study finds
11. A new cellular pathway linked to cancer is identified by NYU researchers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 No two people ... at the New York University Tandon School of ... have found that partial similarities between prints are ... in mobile phones and other electronic devices can ... The vulnerability lies in the fact that fingerprint-based ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... April 5, 2017  The Allen Institute for Cell ... Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window into ... data, the first application of deep learning to create ... cell lines and a growing suite of powerful tools. ... these and future publicly available resources created and shared ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... April 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC , a ... the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has ... the linking of an iris image with a face ... represents the company,s 45 th issued patent. ... very timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... Robbie, PhD, a well-versed leader with extensive assay development and biomarker expertise, as ... Biomedical is a Boston CRO specializing in bio-analytical assay development and sample testing ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... As Vice President, Product Services, Mr. Guinter ... support, and client process and SOP development. , Mr. Guinter brings a wealth ... for service providers and top-tier pharmaceuticals, and as an independent consultant supported a ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... Iowa (PRWEB) , ... June 19, 2017 , ... A ... interplay among its cells and tissues by delivering pollen and nectar containing nutrients necessary ... the means to stay healthy. , Many recent indicators point to a decline in ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 16, 2017 , ... CTNext ... Entrepreneur Innovation Awards (EIA), held at The LOFT at Chelsea Piers in Stamford. , ... ideas to a panel of judges for an opportunity to secure $10,000 awards to ...
Breaking Biology Technology: