Navigation Links
Cancer scientists discover novel way gene controls stem cell self-renewal
Date:8/25/2013

(TORONTO, Canada Aug. 25, 2013) Stem cell scientists at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have discovered the gene GATA3 has a role in how blood stem cells renew themselves, a finding that advances the quest to expand these cells in the lab for clinical use in bone marrow transplantation, a procedure that saves thousands of lives every year.

The research, published online today in Nature Immunology, provides an important piece in the puzzle of understanding the mechanisms that govern the blood stem cell self-renewal process, says principal investigator Norman Iscove, Senior Scientist at the Princess Margaret, University Health Network (UHN). Dr. Iscove is also an investigator at UHN's McEwen Centre for Regenerative Medicine and a Professor in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto.

"Researchers have known for a long time that stem cells can increase their numbers in the body through self-renewal; however, it has proven very difficult to establish conditions for self-renewal in the laboratory," says Dr. Iscove. Indeed, he explains, the quest to do so has been a holy grail for stem cell researchers because the very effectiveness, safety and availability of the transplantation procedure depend on the number of stem cells available to transplant.

In the lab and using genetically engineered mice, the Iscove team zeroed in on GATA3 and determined that interfering with its function causes stem cells to increase their self-renewal rate and thereby results in increased numbers of stem cells. Dr. Iscove expects scientists will be able to use this new information to improve their ability to grow increased numbers of blood stem cells for use in bone marrow transplantation and possibly, gene therapy.

Dr. Iscove's research is a new page in the growing volume of stem cell science that began here in 1961 with the ground-breaking discovery of blood-forming stem cells by Drs. James Till and the late Ernest McCulloch. Their discovery changed the course of cancer research and laid the foundation for bone marrow transplantation in leukemia patients, as well as for many other types of current disease research. The research published today was funded by the Terry Fox Foundation, the Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Stem Cell Network, the McEwen Centre for Regenerative Medicine, The Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation, The Campbell Family Institute for Cancer Research and the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term care.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jane Finlayson
jane.finlayson@uhn.ca
416-946-2846
University Health Network
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Tortoise and the hare: New drug stops rushing cancer cells, slow and steady healthy cells unharmed
2. Embryonic development protein active in cancer growth
3. BRG1 mutations confer resistance to hormones in lung cancer
4. Genetic variation in East Asians found to explain resistance to cancer drugs
5. Beyond the microscope: Identifying specific cancers using molecular analysis
6. Marshall University study may lead to new treatments for prostate cancer
7. Salk scientists open new window into how cancers override cellular growth controls
8. Penn research points to new way of preserving fertility for boys undergoing cancer treatment
9. Genetic abnormality offers diagnostic hope for childrens cancer
10. Protein jailbreak helps breast cancer cells live
11. Breast cancer risk gene discovery fast tracked by new technology
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2017)... , Feb. 3, 2017  Texas Biomedical Research Institute ... Larry Schlesinger as the Institute,s new President ... Biomed effective May 31, 2017. He is currently the Chair ... of the Center for Microbial Interface Biology at Ohio State ... as the new President and CEO of Texas Biomed," said ...
(Date:2/2/2017)... , Feb. 1, 2017  Central to its ... meaningful advances worldwide, The Japan Prize Foundation today ... who have pushed the envelope in their respective ... Communication. Three scientists are being recognized with the ... that not only contribute to the advancement of ...
(Date:1/26/2017)... Jan. 26, 2017  Crossmatch, a leading provider of ... solution aimed at combatting fraud, waste and abuse in ... at the Action on Disaster Relief conference in ... for UN agencies and foreign assistance organizations throughout ... and abuse are a largely unacknowledged problem in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... Financial Highlights (in ... Months Ended December 31,Twelve Months Ended December 31,20162015% ... $           300$     ... Revenue 3539(10)%9498(4)%Kuvan Net Product Revenue ... 756025%297303(2)%Vimizim Net Product Revenue ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... - The Fight Against Cancer Innovation Trust (FACIT) and ... to report that Fusion Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Fusion) has closed ... Innovation – JJDC, Inc. (JJDC) as the lead investor. ... Partners, and Genesys Capital, as well as founding investor ... ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017  In Atlanta, it seems everyone has a ... intertwine to create an expressive and dynamic community unlike any ... and contribute to it. With their newest ... seeks to carry on that tradition with a unique, ... salon is the newest of 13 nationwide locations, ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Minn. , Feb. 23, 2017  Imanis ... new product line of oncolytic vaccinia viruses for ... Corporation as part of Genelux,s proprietary, vaccinia virus-based ... are excited to enter into a partnership with ... selected oncolytic vaccinia viruses for use in research," ...
Breaking Biology Technology: